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532nd Bomb Squadron War Diary

1943: Precombat, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
1944: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
1945: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr

 

Precombat: February to May 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.532nd Squadron
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by
Lt. G. T. Kelley

Transcribed by Dave Osborne, ed Jim Tennet.

JANUARY 1943

1. The 532nd squadron cadre was formed at Ephrata, Washington, from personnel of the 4th Bomb Squadron (now 395th Bomb Group), 34th Bomb Group. The original cadre consisted of the following officers and men:

Captain John G. Reibel Squadron Commander
2nd Lt Warren Dewlen Communications Officer
2nd Lt Andre J. Chorey Armaments Officer
2nd Lt Archie R. Davidson Engineering Officer
T/Sgt Russell A. Faust Communications Section Chief
T/Sgt Holston B. Randell Engineering Line Chief
S/Sgt John R. Martini Mess Sgt
S/Sgt Oslin P. David Jr. BSM Section Chief
S/Sgt Phillip Mortimer Technical Supply NCO
S/Sgt Howard F. Wood Engineer Crew Chief
S/Sgt Forrest M. Striegel Engineer Crew Chief
S/Sgt Walter R. Trainer Jr. Engineer Crew Chief
Sgt Edward C. Nivison Engineer Crew Chief
Sgt Edward Z. Gelman Engineer Crew Chief
Sgt John E. Ready 1st Cook
Sgt Roger M. Parchman Armament Section Chief
Cpl John M. Gosma 1st Sgt
Cpl Frank A. Frey Cook, discharged over 38
Cpl Donald G. La Vera PT Section Chief
Cpl John F. Saverese Teletype Operator, Comm.
Cpl Lester A. Lenorovitz Supply Sgt
Cpl Henry J. Kalinowski Transportation
Cpl Hiram H. Kissee Transportation NCO
Cpl Durrell J. Weyland Medical NCO
Cpl Rudolph G. Essen Hangar Crew
Pfc Michael J. Dec Armament, now Section Chief
Pfc Harold Baylerian Radio Operator, Comm.
Pfc Alexander G. Franke Radio Mechanic, Comm.
Pfc Lester A. Steadman Transportation
Pfc Joseph E. Myers Operations
Pfc Wallace V. Le Blanc Medical
Pfc Robert R. Renfrew Propeller Specialist Eng.
Pfc Charles W. Ayers Eng. Mech., now Crew Chief
Pfc Abraham Levinsky Ap. Eng. Mech, Transport
Pfc Dean E. Reddick Ap. Eng. Mech, now Crew Chief
Pvt Elvin D. Sukys Personnel Sgt
Pvt John C. Mulloy Teletype Operator
Pvt William E. Ennis Radio Mechanic
Pvt Salvatore Bozzette Radio Operator
Pvt Rupert C. Conrad Supply Sq.
Pvt John M. Patterson Photo Section Chief
Pvt John A. Daly Tech. Inspector, Eng.
Pvt Robert H. Jurgenson Ap. Eng. Mech, now Crew Chief
Pvt Herbert D. Bradshaw Ap. Engineering Mech.
Pvt Earl W. Hampton Propeller Specialist
Pvt John W. Miller Electrical Spec. Eng.
Pvt Harry W. Fultz Electrical Spec. Eng.
Pvt Robert A. Engman Hangar Crew
Pvt Jack G. Purifoy Parachute Rigger
Pvt Harry M. Corrigan Welder, Engineering
Pvt Harold V. Hendrickson Engineering Clerk
Pvt Victor A. Kottinger Eng. Mechanic
Pvt John G. Gvora Ap. Eng. Mechanic
Pvt Joseph D. La Marr Ap. Eng. Mechanic
Pvt Dominic Iezzi Then an AM, now a cook
Pvt Steven Drosdeck Jr AM
Pvt Carl A. Bryant AM
Pvt Wendell M. Heil AM

6. Squadron was formally activated per SO No. 2, para No. 1, Headquarters 381st Bomb Group, January 6, 1943.

7.  This cadre left Ephrata, Washington on January 7, 1943, at 10.30 hrs and arrived at Pyote, Texas, on January 12, 1943.

17.  Captain Robert F. Post assumed command,  Capt Weibel was relieved of command and appointed Operations Officer.

19. Lt Harry Koch  was assigned and joined on this date and appointed Squadron Adjutant.

24. The squadron strength was increased from 55 to 162 men.

FEBRUARY 1943

2. The first combat crews to join the squadron included:

Capt Joe E. Alexander, C. Crowley, 2nd Lt Jack H. Wemmer, 2nd Lt Harold Hellman, T/Sgt James C. Nance, Pvt Mault W. C. Thompson, Sgt Walter F. Ferens, Pvt Peter D. Garvan, Pvt Joseph A Farzati.

1st  Lt Jack H. Owen, 2nd Lt Willian E. Bohan, 2nd Lt Liston A. Bascom, 2nd Lt Frank A. Ronzio, T/Sgt William E. Lindemeyer, S/Sgt Roy L. Slater, S/Sgt Clarence C. Asher, S/Sgt Charles K. Winn, Sgt Kenneth K. Rector, Sgt George R. Johnston.

1st Lt William R. Moore, 2nd Lt Dale G. Wendt, 2nd Lt Philip P. Dreiseszun, 2nd Lt James H. Houck, S/Sgt Frank Bryant, S/Sgt Edward M. Usher, Sgt William H. Kithcart, Pfc William L. Fortier, S/Sgt Edgerton P. Zahm, S/Sgt John M. Watkins.

1st Lt  Marvin D. Lord, F/O George R. Darrow, 2nd Lt Frank J. Shimek, 2nd Lt Thomas J. Hester, T/Sgt Fred T. Berg, S/Sgt Thomas S. Campbell, Pvt Charles E. Fry, S/Sgt Kenneth Stone, S/Sgt Joseph F. Mello, S/Sgt William H. Grayson.

 

MARCH 1943

25. More combat crews joined bringing the strength to 302:-

26. 1st Lt Leo Jarvis, 2nd Lt Eugene E. Nancinelli, 1st Lt Richard F. Riley, 2nd Lt William D. Lockhart; S/Sgts Harold W, Seymore, Warren G. Heintz, Harry L. Stecher, Charles L. Persinger, Eugene E. Roehl, Herman E. Grossman.

1st Lt Earl R. Horr, 2nd Lts William R. Roberts, George P. Griffiths, Chester L. Hoover; S/Sgts Glenn H. Chapin, George H. Orin, Herbert R. Clark, Charles P. Henry, Everett I.  Hodson, Arthur A. Jones.

1st Lt Jack B. Painter,  2nd Lts Everett B. Ragan, William J. Keays, Lloyd B. Duke; S/Sgts Matthew B. Kowalski, William C. Balentine, Raymond A. Genz, Allen P. Kellog, Norman G. Whitman, James C. Mizell.

2nd Lts William J. Baltrusaitis, Arthur M. Sample, Martin I. Honke Jr, 1st Lt Carl D. Potter; S/Sgts Arnold G. Hone, Marvin L. Pease, Harry J. Thorpe, Wallace B. McGaughey, Julio J. Aqualino, Thomas J. Murphy.

2nd Lt Guerdon W. Humason, Alfred Casaly, Leroy N. Hames, William G. Tsialas; Pvt John R. Ivey, S/Sgts Albert L. Parker Jr, Joseph G. Kralick, Frank Fabiano, Walter J. Anderson, Robert L. Cummings.

 

APRIL 1943

1. A new month finds our squadron  a growing organization. Now in the third phase of training, the 532nd is a well disciplined and war hardened group. Each department is working to make itself an efficient and smooth running unit. Today, combat crews attended ground school and made routine training flights. The several departments are now concentrating on crating equipment and supplies with the exception of the squadron moving to another base soon.

2. All departments completed crating and packing equipment. Two planes flew a morning training mission to Amarillo and Austin.

3. Orders were received to be prepared to move on short notice. The entire day was spent packing freight cars.

4. Squadron personnel entrained  at Pyote, Texas, for AAB Pueblo, Colo. At 19.00 hrs.

5. En route to Pueblo, Colorado.

6. Arrived Pueblo, Colorado  at 07.00 hrs  after journeying about 963 miles by  rail. Lt Col. Read, Executive Officer,  381st BG,  congratulated the squadron personnel on their fine military conduct while en route. Unpacking freight cars and getting set-up  for operation occupied the time for the entire day.

7. All departments of the squadron in full 24 hr operation. Cpl Arthur D. Neal, armorer,  was killed accidentally at 14.00 hrs.  M/Sgt Howard F. Wood and Sgt Victor Kottinger saved a base Flying Fortress from severe damage.  A bolt of lightning struck near the aircraft while it was being re-fuelled. Fire broke out on the hose through which gasoline was being pumped. The Sgts immediately went into action with fire extinguishers and saved the ship.

8. Problems of re-adjustment have been well ironed out. The various departments have resumed their full training schedule.  Three missions of three planes each were flown in the afternoon. The first mission was flown from Pueblo to Hutchinson, to North Platte, to La Junta; second mission; Pueblo to North Platte, to Hutchinson, to La Junta; third mission: Pueblo to Amarillo, to  Great Bend, to La Junta.

9. The squadron has a strength of 11 planes. No training missions were flown. All departments operated normally.

10.  There was a show down inspection of the whole squadron. Each man’s clothing was checked for shortages in preparation for overseas. A training mission was flown in the afternoon to Fort Riley and Clay Center.

11. A formation of 36 planes was used in a War Bond mission. This mission was in conjunction with a parade in Denver.

12. Preparations were made for a mission to take place April 13. The squadron insignia was placed  on display in front of the orderly room. This insignia met with  the enthusiastic approval of the personnel of the whole base.

13. The mission planned for today was scrubbed. Preparations are being made for the review  which is to take place Thursday and Friday.

14. Nine combat crews went on a group mission to Jefferson City and to Leavenworth, Kansas. They left at 09.00 hrs and returned about 17.30 hrs.

15. The crews went on a bombing mission today with demolition bombs. Preparations are being made for the squadron party which is to be held in the 332nd  hangar on April 21.

16. Planes went up to calibrate instruments and to take photos of demolition bombs dropped from planes. Missions for the rest of our stay in Pueblo, Colo. have been scrubbed.

17. Lt L. D. Dodge was relieved as Squadron S-2 officer; Lt S. I. Caplan assumed charge. Meeting attended by pilots, co-pilots, and S-2 on combat conditions in the South-West Pacific Theater and the European Theater, as related by returning combat crew members.

18. A lecture was given this morning by Lt Crawford, Communications Officer, on  recognition, signals, and flotation radio communications. All the combat crews were placed on alert this afternoon.

19. Preparations are being made for the group mission which is to be flown to the West Coast.  The squadron party has been postponed until further notice because of the alert and pending squadron maneuvers.

20. The squadron and the planes are in readiness to take off at any time for the maneuvers. General Johnson landed on the field about 16.00 hrs and left at  19.00 hrs

21. The alert was sounded this morning about 4am. Instructions were given to the crews by Capt Post  in preparation for the take-off. All the crews of the 381st BG left the field about 06.15 hrs for maneuvers on the West Coast, and are expected to be gone for 72 hrs. 

22. As the crews are still on maneuvers on the West Coast, there was not much activity in the squadron.  A new physical fitness training program has been placed in effect, to last about two hours per day.

23. Lt Frank Hoyt Purcell, Jr.,  was assigned to the 532nd as the S-2  Officer relieving Lt S. I.  Kaplan, who has been acting S-2 Officer. Except for normal routine duties the activities of the squadron have been light,  pending the return of the combat crews.

24. Planes of  the entire 381st BG, still on mission, activities of the squadron light. The physical fitness program is being carried out.

25. There was a meeting today of the entire squadron in the Mess Hall. Lt Koch outlined the preparations  should we take in an order to be moved to our staging are and on the voyage to the theater of operations. The combat crews returned from their maneuvers on the west coast about 3pm. The physical fitness program has been called off pending our move.

26. The entire squadron spent the day in packing in preparation for moving.

 

MAY 1943

6. Air echelon left for Salina, Kansas, en route overseas.

9. Ground echelon entrained at 20.30 hrs for Camp Kilmer, N.J.

12. Ground echelon arrived at Camp Kilmer, N.J. at 11.30 hrs.

20. Air echelon left Salina, Kansas, for Dow Field, Maine.

22. Air echelon left Dow Field, Maine, for England, via Gander Lake, Newfoundland, at 13.20 hrs.

26. Ground echelon entrained at Camp Kilmer, at 09.00 hrs and boarded the Queen Elizabeth at 12.15 hrs.

27. Ground echelon left Port of Embarkation at 13.00 hrs for England. Air echelon  left Gander Lake, Newfoundland, for England.

28. Air echelon arrived Prestwick, Scotland, at 12.00 hrs.

29. Air echelon left Prestwick, Scottland and arrived at Bovingdon, England at 14.42 hrs.

June 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

JUNE 1943

2. Ground echelon arrived and disembarked at Gourock, Firth of Clyde, Scotland at 18.30 hrs. They then entrained at 20.30 hrs for station in England.

3. Ground echelon arrived at Station #167, Ridgewell, Essex, England at 13.00 hrs.

7. Air echelon left Bovingdon for Station #167, Ridgewell, Essex, England, arriving at 17.00 hrs.

22. The 532nd squadron flew its first combat mission to Antwerp, Belgium, but Lt Horr and crew are missing in action.

23. Mission over St Martin-Bernay, France.

25. Mission over Hamburg, Germany.

26. Mission over Paris, France.

28. Mission over St Nazaire, France.

29. Mission over Tricqueville, France.


 

July 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by Lt G.T. Kelley

July 1943

2. Mission over Le Mans, France.

10. Mission over Villacoublay, France (Paris).

14. Mission over Amiens-Glisy,  France.

17. Mission over Geringhausen, Germany.

21. The following were assigned: 2nd Lts Jack Pry, Cecil W. Quinley, Roger Burwell, Theodore Snyder: Sgts Edward LaPointe, Alfred Johnson, Russell Frautschi, Irvin Smith, Martin Brandt, Carl Baird.

23. Mission over Heroya, Sweden.

24. Mission over Hamburg, Germany. Three crews are mission in action: Capt Joe E. Alexander, Lts William C. Crowley, Jack W. Wemmer, Harold Hellman; Sgts James C. Nance, George H, Orin, Peter D. Garvan, Walter F. Ferens, James E. Heist, George R. Johnson.

Lts Jack H. Owen, William E. Bohan, Liston A. Bascon, Frank Ronzio; Sgts; Kenneth K. Recton, Roy L. Slater, Charles K. Winn, William E. Lindenmeyer, Clarence C. Asher, Robert L. Cummins.

Lts  William R. Moore, Dale G. Wendte, Philip P. Dreiseszun, James H. Houck; Sgrs Edward W. Usher, John E. Ivey, Edgerton P. Zahm, William L. Fourtier, Joseph G. Kralik, John M. Watkins.

25. Mission over Hamburg, Germany.

26. The following combat crew was assigned: 2nd Lts Theodore Moon, James Hamer, Steven Fritz, Bernard McNichol; Sgts John Ernharth, Wilbur Alsheimer, Michaek Fleming, Howard Wood, Paul Maltfield, John Wheeler.

28. Mission over Altenbuna, Germany.

29. Mission over Kiel, Germany.

30. Mission over Kassel, Germany. Missing in action: Major Robert F. Post, (squadron commander), Lts  Guerdon Humason, Leroy N. Hames, William G. Tsialas; Sgts William H. Kithcart, Albert L. Parker, Frank Fabiano, Walter J. Anderson, Harold E. Robbins; 2nd Lt Alfred Casaly.

Captain Briggs was assigned to the 532nd as commanding officer


 

August 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by G.T. Kelley

AUGUST 1943

3. Mission planned for Schweinfurt, Germany was scrubbed.        

9. Mission planned for Schweinfurt, Germany was scrubbed.

12. The following pilots, with their crews, flew the mission to Gelsenkirchen, Germany: 1st Lt William J. Baltrusaitis, 1st Lt Marvin, D. Lord; these three aborted: Lts Leo J. Jarvis, Jack B. Painter and  Jack S. Pry; MIA is: 2nd Lt Theodore D. Moon, James W. Hamer, Stephen J. Pritz, Bernard McNichol; Sgts John F. Ernharth, Michael Fleming, John L. Wheeler, Wilbur Alsheimer, Howard F. Wood, Paul A. Mattfield.

2nd Lt Joseph Doerfler assigned this squadron as per Special Order, No. 51.

13. Mission planned for Schweinfurt, Germany was scrubbed

14. Lt Colonel Woodrow Dunlop was assigned to the 381st BG as deputy group commander, Special Order No. 218, HQ, 1st Bomb Wing.

15. The crews of Lts Painter, Pry and Darrow, participated in the mission over Brussels, Belgium, and returned safely to base. Painter flew lead in the spare formation.

16. Six aircraft of the 532nd were airborne in a group mission over Le Bourget, France; 1st Lt Marvin D. Lord flying lead position with group commander Lt Col Joseph J. Nazzaro, other pilots being: Lts Painter, Baltrusaitis, Pry, Jarvis and Darrow.  

17. ...the mission over Schweinfurt, recorded as one of the most successful by the Eighth Air Force, taking part were: Jarvis, Darrow, Baltrusaitis, Painter, Lord along with Major Hall and Capt Briggs in the group lead aircraft.

Darrow ditched off the east coast and was picked up with all his crew by Air-Sea Rescue, but Missing in Action are: Lts Leo Jarvis, Eugene Nancinelli, Ricahrd F. Riley, William Lockhart; Sgts Algernon Loren (534th), Harold Beynand, Charles L. Persinger, Harry L. Stecher, Herman E. Grossman, James E. Roehl.

Lts Jack B. Painter, Robert E. Nelson, William J. Keays, Lloyd L. Duke; Sgts Matthew B. Kowalski, William C. Balentine, Allen P. Kellogg, Raymond A. genz, Norman G. Whitman, James C. Mizell; 2nd Lt Everett B. Ragan.

18. 2nd Lt Richard D. Robinson was assigned to the 532nd as per Special Order, No. 57,  and assumed the duties of operations officer.

19. 2nd Lt Paul W. Gleichauf  and crew, were the only 532nd who took part in the mission to Gilze Rijen, Holland.

20. Mission to Villacoublay, France was scrubbed. Two new crews were assigned, as per SO No. 59: 2nd Lts  Cecil M. Clore, John Newell, Donald Frieze, Marvin Dille, T/Sgts Hessle Buck, Louis Devone, S/Sgts Named Howard, Richard Johnson, James Steward and Richard Ingmire. 

2nd Lts  David D. Hutchens, William Goodman, Royce Stephens, William Tillson, S/Sgts Lester Bucey, Michael Jasinski, Hilbert Braun, Edward C. Knauth, Carrol Purdy and Francis Barnett. 

24. 2nd Lt Gleichauf and crew successfully took part in the mission to Villacoublay, near Paris. In accordance with SO No. 62, Sgt George C. Ballou was assigned to this squadron as a crew member.

As per SO No. 63 another new crew were assigned:  2nd Lts Douglas L. Winter, Anthony Taormina, Max Liming, John Morgan, Sgts Gordon Teal, Alvero Christopher, Richard Streicher, Alex Pszalgowski, Harold Robinson.

26. The bombing mission planned  to Brussels, Belgium was scrubbed.

27. Lt Pry was the only 532nd pilot on the mission to Watten, France, and returned safely.

30. The mission to Cambrai/Niergnies, France, was re-called due to inclement weather.

31. Five ships from this squadron took part in the mission to Romilly-sur-Seine, France. Taking part with Lt Lord, with  Lt Col William M. Gross, of the 101st Combat Wing, others were: Lts Clore, Gleichauf, Hutchens and Pry.

Due to heavy cloud coverage, Romilly was not bombed,  however the last resort target of Amiens-Glisy was successfully attacked.

The end of the month of August finds the total strength of the squadron at 46 officers and 327 enlisted men. The Engineering departments reports that there is a tremendous fluctuation of aircraft on operational status during the month. On August 23 there were none on operational status, but by the end of the month six of the eight available were ready for status.

Awards were made to combat crew members of the squadron for valor and the successful completion of missions over enemy territory: S/Sgt Thomas J. Murphy being awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. There were 133 Air Medals and 97 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

September 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

SEPTEMBER 1943

2. Aircraft of this squadron took off on a group bombing mission to Conches, France, but were re-called.

3. In the first bombing mission of the month, over Romilly-Sur-Seine, France, aircraft of this squadron  were piloted by Lts Sample, Clore, Winter. All returned safely and reported results as fair. S/Sgts Robinson and Grayson were credited with one each enemy aircraft damaged and S/Sgt Morrison with one destroyed.

4. The mission planned for Romilly-Sur-Seine, France, was scrubbed.

6. A mission to Stuttgart was carried out  with good bombing results reported. Lts Baltrusaitis, Clore, Hutchens, Sample, Pry, Winter and their crews formed the low squadron of the group.

As per SO No. 73, HQ, Station #167, 1st Lt  Melvin Hecker and 2nd Lt Cornelius Donovan were assigned to the squadron.

7. Lt Lord and Major Hall flew lead on the bombing mission to Brussels, along with Lts Pry, with Capt Briggs, Clore, Hutchens, Sample and Winters. All returned safely with their crews reporting bombing results as good.

8. Lille Nord AF, France was the target for Lts Baltrusaitis, Winter, Sample, Pry,  Hutchens and Clore flew their crews safely home after hitting the target. A second mission planned for today, the S. A. Andre Citroen Engine Works in Paris, but the mission was scrubbed shortly after briefing time.

9.  Mission today for the U-boat base at Bergen, Norway, was scrubbed. It would have been the second mission of its kind to occupied Norway.

13. The following crew have been assigned as per SO No. 81. 2nd Lts Bernard Beckman, Donald Henderson, David Brophy, William Loftin Jr, S/Sgts George Dirling, Joseph Lanza, Harold Frain, Robert Rush, Nick Rossi.

14. The following crew have been assigned as per SO No. 82. 2nd Lts Robert  Remple, Thomas Nelson, Edison Eichorn, S/Sgts Robert Vogelbaugh, John Tully, Edward Meyers, James Rigat, Clayton Boykin.

15. Lt Winter and crew participated today in the mission to Romilly-Sur-Seine.

?17. The target for today was port area of Nantes, France. Due to smoke screens and heavy cloud the primary target was not visible. However and airfield south of the target was bombed. The following pilots and crews took part: Lts Baltrusaitis, Winter, Pry, Sample, Clore and Hutchens.

?17. The mission planned today was to Frankfurt where the target was one of the leading propeller factories, but the mission was scrubbed before take off.

As per SO No. 85, the following crews were assigned: 2nd Lts Charles Wood, Robert Zadnik, Rodney Loft, George Speer, S/Sgts Leo Mack, Abraham Levine, Emmett Smith, Donald Perdue, Paul Leighton, Ralph Rosato.

2nd Lts Irving Moore, Wallace Chappell, Forrest Lane, Mark Schneider, S/Sgts Paul Ellis, Benjamin Dranhoff, William Provonsha, Joseph Clement, Edmond Connors, Ralph Hooper. 

19. Today the mission planned for Nantes, France, was scrubbed.

20. Again the mission planned for Nantes, France, was scrubbed. Captain Marvin D. Lord appointed squadron commander during the hospitalization of Captain Arthur F. Briggs, as per SO  No. 88.

21. Today's target was to be the Junkers aircraft assembly and repair works at Rheim-Champagne, France, but again the mission was scrubbed.

23. Capt Lord and Major Shackley led the group on the mission to Nantes, the other pilots and crews being: Winter, Hutchens, Sample, Pry and Clore. Bombing results reported as good.

24. The mission planned for the airscrew components and non-ferrous metal works at Frankfurt, but again it was scrubbed.

25. Lts Baltrusaitis, Yorba, Clore, Winter, Beckman and Hutchens were the pilots to the mission to attack the Muelan-Les-Bureaux aircraft factory. The group was led by Col Nazzaro, Lt Col Dunlop and Lt Cormany of the 535th, but no bombs were dropped due to unfavourable weather. 

27. Today's target was the port area of Emden, Germany, our pilots being: Lts Winter, Hutchens, Clore, who returned safely reporting the bombing was unobserved.

S/Sgt Billy L. Whittington is credited with one aircraft destroyed and one damaged. Wing evaluated enemy aircraft claims confirmed and gave credit to Sgt Vincent Wandetowski as one aircraft probably destroyed.

28. Today the first mission of its kind for the group was planned. The intended target was the Lutzow, Germany, the pocket battleship, but it was scrubbed before take off.

29. Lt Horr, listed as MIA on the Antwerp mission on June 22, was reported to have been killed in action. September 21 being the date of the report.

30. A total of 15 officers of this squadron received promotion this month as follows: Captains from 1st Lts: Marvin D. Lord and William Baltrusaitis. 1st from 2nd Lts: George T. Kelley, Fred W. Nudell, John L. Silva, Thomas J. Hester, Frank J. Shimek, Jack S. Pry, Elbert F. Hustedt III, George A. Bannon, Martin T. Honke Jr, Arthur L. Sample, Douglas L. Winter.

The end of the month of September finds the strength of the squadron at 56 officers and 336 enlisted men. This shows an increase on last month of ten officers and nine EM.


 

October 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

OCTOBER 1943

2. Today finds the first mission of the month to the port area of Emden,   Germany, an important naval and ship building center. The 11 crews returned safely, reporting bombing results as unobserved. The pilots of this squadron who participated with their crews were:  Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Winter, Hutchens and Beckman.

A second mission for today was planned for Kassel, but was scrubbed before take-off.

4. Captain Baltrusaitis with Lt Col Hall led the group in a mission to Frankfurt, the other squadron pilots being Lts Pry, Hutchens, Beckman, Wood and Pry, who aborted.

S/Sgt Michael Jasinski is credited with one enemy aircraft destroyed, while S/Sgt Joseph S. Lanza receives credit for a probably destroyed.

Official word was received from the War Department today authorizing the use of the squadron insignia submitted for approval. The insignia is: a scarlet disc on which is a flying Trojan Horse, outlined black, winged with its Fortress wings ultramarine blue, edged white,  having a golden lance spike on each knee of its forelegs, eyes red,  and breathing a jagged orange lightning flash from each nostril. The scarlet background denotes the squadron personnel's valor. The Trojan Horse represents the fully-armed Fortresses used by this squadron, and the lightning flashes symbolize the striking power.

7. The planned mission for today, Bremen, Germany, was scrubbed.

8. The second mission was planned for the port area of Bremen, a submarine and a ship-building yard. Taking part were: Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Winter, Beckman, Hutchens, who aborted while Sample and Pry are Missing in Action.

MIA Crews: Lts Arthur M. Sample, Edward P, Cytarzinski, Capt Norman C. Mackay, S/Sgt Robert V. Moore (toggler); Sgts Howard W. Ballou, Warren G. Heintz, Melvin J. Olson, William H. Grayson, James R. Forbes, George R. Johnston.

Lts Jack L. Pry, Cecil W. Quinley, Roger W. Burwell, Theodore F. Snyder;

Sgts:  Edward R. LaPointe, Russell H. Frauschti, Irvin W. Smith, Carl L. Baird, Alfred A. Johnson, Martin D. Brandt.

The crews handled the .50 calibers with skill and tallied up claims as follows:

S/Sgts Thomas J. Murphy, Harold Robinson, Wallace B. McGaughey and 1st Lt Frank Simek are each credited with an enemy aircraft destroyed; S/Sgt Arnold G. Hone with one probably destroyed, and T/Sgt Gordon Teal with one damaged.

9. Four aircraft of this squadron, piloted by Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Clore, Winter and Beckman took off on an eight hour mission to Anklam, Germany to bomb the Arado Aircraft components factory. The crews reports the results as good.

10. Today Lt Hutchens and crew took off at 11.35 hrs on a group mission to Munster, to bomb the important rail and waterway communications.

Four new crew members were assigned as per SO No. 107. They are: 2nd Lts Jason H. Duncan (pilot), Harry Allchin (co-pilot), Mac Huffman (navigator), John E. Cassidy Jr (bombardier).

11. Today's mission planned for Emden was scrubbed.

13. Again the mission scheduled for Emden was scrubbed, soon after take-off.

14. Six ships of this squadron took off to bomb the all important Kugel-Fischer ball bearing factory at Schweinfurt: Lts Beckman, Clore, Wood, Moore, Hutchens but Capt Baltrusaitis returned early due to failure of the oxygen system.

Lt Miller returned early from France to land on a coastal base in England, while Lt Hutchens landed at Warmwell, England on his return for the target and has not yet returned to base.

S/Sgts Ralph R. Rosato, Billy L. Whittington,  Named M. Howard and 2nd Lt Marvin E. Dille are each credited with one enemy aircraft destroyed.

15. Lt Hutchens who landed at Warmwell yesterday returned to base for interrogation. 1st Lt Frank J. Shimek, navigator of this squadron has been relieved of assignment and assigned to the 535th, as per SO No. 112. Lt Shimek is one of the original navigators and a former crew member of Capt Marvin D. Lord.

17. Today's mission to Duren, Germany, was scrubbed.

The following officers of the squadron are appointed to carry out the duties indicated as per Squadron Order No 53: 2nd Lt Cecil M. Clore - Flight Commander "B"; Flight; 2nd Lt Richard D. Robinson, Operations Officer - First Pilot; 2nd Lt George R. Darrow - Assistant Operations Officer; 1st Lt John L. Silva - Weights and Balance Officer; 2nd Lt George R. Desantis, Adjutant - Acting Squadron Supply Officer; 1st Lt Melvin R. Hecker - First Pilot and assigned "A" Flight; 2nd Lt Donald R. Frieze - Squadron Camouflage Officer.

20. The target for today was Duren, Germany, with the pilots being: Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Wood, Clore, Klein and Beckman, who took off with the group but the mission was recalled after the planes had crossed the French coast.

21. The mission for today was to bomb factories on the River Seine, in Paris, France, but was recalled as they were forming up over the field.

New combat personnel assigned as per SO 117, are: T/Sgt Vinal L. Wade; S/Sgt Leon D. Jeffers; S/Sgt Roy F. Mattson; T/Sgt John P. Roe,  S/Sgt Simon S. Lazicki; Pvt Harold G. Starky.

22. Today the following new crew was assigned as per SO No. 118: 2nd Lts Henry F. Genther, Charles Stang, Edgar H. Carter, Fred V. Lemmon; S/Sgts John E. Wise, Dennis Harrigan, Earl M. Straub; Sgts Arthur Gordon, Richard L. Walters, Winthrop R. Newhall.

23-29. No operational missions were flown, however several practice flight were undertaken. Usual activities went on throughout the squadron, combat crews attended ground school classes and practiced skeet shooting.

30. Gelsenkirchen, the transport center of the Ruhr Valley was to be the target for today, but the mission was recalled as the planes were forming up over the field. The crews experienced some difficulty in landing due to bad weather.

The end of the month finds the total strength of the squadron at 55 officers and 352 enlisted men.


 

November 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

NOVEMBER 1943

3. The target for today was the port area of Wilhelmshaven. Capt Lord and Lt Hecker led the formation. Other pilots who participated were: Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Beckman, Hutchens, Wood, Robinson and Clore. All crews returned safely at 15.27 hrs and reported bombing results as unobserved. No enemy aircraft attacked and flak was meager.

4. A mission planned for Gelsenkirchen,  in the heart of the Ruhr Valley, but failed to materialize.

5. Six aircraft took off this morning to bomb an important rail centre, and an iron and steel works at Gelsenkirchen. Lts Beckman, Clore, Hutchens Wood and Robinson flew on this mission. Bombing results were reported as good.

6. The mission for today, planned for Emden, was scrubbed.

7. Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Genther, Beckman, Clore, Wood and Hutchens took off on a mission to Wesel, Germany, to bomb an important center of road, rail and canal traffic.

8. A mission planned to Neuss, Germany, a suburb of Dusseldorf, was scrubbed.

The following is a list of awards presented to combat crew personnel of this squadron last month, earned while participating in missions over enemy territory:- The Distinguished Flying Cross went to 2nd Lt George R. Darrow, while there were 39 Air Medals and 57 Oak Leaf Clusters. 

Assigned was a new combat crew: 2nd Lts Donald Goodge, Henry Arrowsmith, David Flanagan, Robert Kessler; Sgts Donald Anderson, Robert Carline, Francis Foote, Robert LeVert, Alfred Phillips, Paul Rivera.

10. The target for today was Bremen, but the mission was scrubbed.

11. Six aircraft from this squadron took off for a mission to Wesel, Germany, led by Capt Lord and Lt Hecker led the group. Other pilots were: Lts Genther, Beckman, Hutchens and Wood, but the planes were recalled at 14.25 hrs and returned to base.  

13. Mission again planned for Bremen, but recalled yet again.

1st Lt  Fred W. Nudell appointed Base Tech. Inspector and relieved of the duties of Station Engineering Officer;  1st Lt John L. Silva was thus appointed Station Engineering Officer and also Squadron Defense Officer, both as per Special Order No. 57.

15. Mission to Knaben, Norway was undertaken today to bomb the molybdenum mine, the most important economic and industrial target in Norway. The entire output of this mine goes to Germany which has no other source of supply of this steel hardening metal. The group formation was led by Capt Lord and Lt Hecker; other pilots, Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Genther, Hutchens, Wood and Duncan. Bombing results were reported as good. Enemy aircraft opposition was described as weak and flak was meager.

This mission completed the tour of duty for six men of this squadron: 1st Lt Martin T. Honke Jr, S/Sgt Arnold G. Hone, T/Sgt Marvin L. Pease, S/Sgt Harry J. Thorpe, S/Sgt Wallace B. McGaughey, S/Sgt Julio J. Aqualino. These men are the first of the squadron to complete 25 missions over enemy territory. Each will receive a letter of recommendation from Capts Lord  and Baltrusaitis and Lt DeSantis.

16. Three new crews were assigned:1st Lt Bernard Hollenkamp, 2nd Lt George Jones, F/O Herbert Clough, 2nd Lt Richard Hazelton; Sgts George Reiman, Ira Walker Jr, George Spell, Homer Hutchens, Elmo Schultz, Harold Good.

2nd Lts William Herrington, Jack Fournier, Earl Wonning, Nicholas DeRose; Sgts Raoul Ramos, Anthony Korkuc, Lloyd Burgess, Thomas Hunnicut, Harvey Reeves, Antony Bartelo.

2nd Lt Francis Flaherty, John Hoffer, F/O Benjamin Saporta, William Farrell; Sgts Notra Bright, Casimir Lukowski, Edward Doherty, Burling Larson, Hank Krzyzak, Arthur Butler.

An air-sea rescue party was sent from this group to search for dingheys reported to be seen in the North Sea. Planes returned failing to find anything.

20. 2nd Lt George R. Darrow promoted to 1st Lt.

23. Mission to Bremen scrubbed before take off.

24. Again a mission to Bremen was scrubbed.

26. After four attempts the mission to Bremen was carried out successfully, and all planes returned safely. Bombing results were reported as unobserved due to heavy cloud coverage in target area. No fighter opposition and flak reported as meager, moderate and intense.

Ship of this squadron provided the high squadron flown by Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Darrow, McNeill, Clore, Duncan, Beckman, Wood and Genther.

29. Mission to Bremen was scrubbed.

30. Mission to Solingen was scrubbed.

The strength of the squadron at the end of this month was 77 officers and 395 enlisted men.  Eight officers exchanged old bars for new: Capt Bernard Cohler, Capt William P. Marques, Capt Seymour Caplan, 1st Lt Adrian L. Maloney, 1st Lt Cecil M. Clore, 1st Lt Donald R. Frieze, 1st Lt Richard Robinson, 1st Lt Ralph J. Waldman.  

As per SO No. 129, the following new crew are assigned as on 4 Nov.: 2nd Lts Edward H. McNeill, Edwin A. Bryce,  Marvin W. Fairbanks, Harvey Tidwell; Sgts Albert F. Suchy, Richard Charmack, Harry V. Huth, Thomas Eastburn, Robert Dearth and Pvt Albert B. Shank.


 

December 1943

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
War Diary
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

DECEMBER 1943

2. The target for today was Leverkusen, where is located one of the largest chemical plants  in Europe and produces a wide range of products, particularly poison gases. 20,000 of the 50,000 population is dependent on this factory.

Seven aircraft took part: Capt Baltrusaitis, Lts Clare, Robinson, McNeill, Beckman, Duncan and Wood.  This mission proved costly as Lt Duncan is Missing in Action.

Crew: Lts Jason H. Duncan, Harry Allchin Jr, Mac W. Huffman, Robert G. Kessler; Sgts Vinal L. Wade, Edward V. Doherty, Leon D. Jeffers, M. A. Wall, Harold G. Starkey, Roy F. Mattson.

Enemy opposition was reported as strong, flak moderate to intense. Bombing results were unobserved.

Assigned were: 2nd Lts Robert Saur, Frank Capobianco, Philip Miller, Edward Rudnicki; Sgt Robert Davis; Pvt John Brogden; Sgts L. T. Patterson, James Jones, Bernard Keene; Pvt John Snyder.

2. 1st Lt Donald F. Frieze appointed Squadron Navigator and 2nd  Lt Irving Moore appointed Asst. Squadron Operations Officer, as per Sq O No. 59.

5.  Seven aircraft of this squadron took off this morning, Capt Lord and Lt Hecker leading the group formation. Other pilots were: Lts Beckman, McNeill, Clore, Goodge, Robinson and Wood.  The target was the ball-bearing factory at Ivry, near Paris. As this plant supplied German military requirements, its destruction would seriously effect the German Air Force production. However bombs were not dropped as there was a complete overcast and the target could not be seen.

As per SO  No. 155, the following combat crew personnel have been assigned:

2nd Lts Neal Ward, John Howcroft, Ralph J. Waldman; T/Sgts Carl Hartnett, Jack Kaufman; S/Sgts Richard Morrison, James Baker, Clyde Draa, Paul V. Howard, Clarry Jones.

7. As per SO No. 157, the following crew were assigned:

2nd Lts Jack Zeman, Otis Montgomery, Frank Bisagna, William C. Walker; S/Sgts John Sinquefield, Burton A. Girvan; Sgts Rinaldo Cavalieri, Raymond Chevreaux, Harve Leroux, Francis Carter.

11. Lts Clore, Hollenkamp, McNeill, Beckman, Goodge, Flaherty, Herrington and Robinson were our pilots for a mission to Germany. Herrington was forced to abort as he was unable to make contact with the group, his radio compass was acting up and could not be used. He landed at Knettishall, Norfolk for fuel at 14.30hrs and took off again soon after heading for base. Enemy opposition was weak and what little Germans were around were soon taken care of by our fighter escort.

13. The object of the Fortress explosives today, was the submarine and ship-building yards at Bremen. The bombers were piloted by: Lts Clore, Genther, Hollenkamp, Hutchens, Goodge, Flaherty and  Wood, the latter aborting with troubles in #1 and #4 engines. Mediocre to accurate AA fire was encountered and that over the target reported as intense and highly accurate.

14. The Field Order came through with Berlin, capital of Germany, as the target.

The crews were briefed but the mission scrubbed; shortly after a mission was briefed for Bremen, but this was also scrubbed.

16. The target for today was again Bremen, where submarines and destroyers were under construction. Five ships took off piloted by: Lts Clore, Genther, Goodge, Flaherty and Wood.  Bombs were unloaded  and crews returned safely, reporting results as unobserved. Intense flak was encountered though enemy fighter opposition was weak.

17. A dance was held at the Aero Club with music furnished by the all "381" base band. The dancing partners of the personnel were civilian girls, members of the ATS and WAAFS. Refreshments were served by the waitresses and a good time was had by all.

20. Bremen was again the target when Capt Lord and Lt Hecker led the formation on a successful bombing, along with Lts Genther, Robinson, McNeill, Clore,  Goodge, Wood, Hutchens and Hollenkamp, who is Missing in Action.

Crew: Lts Bernard F. Hollenkamp, George T. Jones, Herbert N. Clough, Richard Hazelton; Sgts George C. Reimann, George W. Soell, Elmo R. Schulz, Homer Hutchers, Ira J. Walker, Harry L. Good.

Flying in the lead ship "Big Time Operator" Capt Thomas J. Hester was hurled back four feet into the nose compartment when a slowed down flak fragment struck him in the forehead just before the ship headed on the bomb run. The fragment bounced off his head after knocking pieces of plexi-glass fragments into his face and knocking him into navigator Lt Frieze. He managed to get back to the bomb-sight in time to make a perfect squadron mission and enabled the other group ships to drop their bombs on the target.

The crew of Lt Cecil Clore were forced to throw everything they could from their hands to lighten the load to get back to base, but were forced to land at Mildenhall.  They left the ship there and returned to base.

Among the crew were Salvatore Bozzette and Walter Trainer, who were formerly ground crew of the squadron, and had been on gunnery courses on arrival at the base. This mission made it 16 for Bozzette and 17 for Trainer.

22. Today six aircraft took off to bomb Osnabruck, attacking a rail junction. They were flown by Lts Clore, Genther, McNeill, Hutchens, Goodge and Flaherty. McNeill aborted as there was an oil leak in #2 and #3 was running rough. Bombing results were unobserved through 10/10th cloud. The crews reported excellent fighter cover of P-47s and P-38s.

As per Sq O No. 17 the following crews have been assigned:

2nd Lts Thomas Thomson, George Bowen, Walter Brzoska, Edward Neville; S/Sgts Lever Solub, Howard Requette, Paul Hickey, Hubert Ballinger, Edward Lazarski; Pvt George Day.

2nd Lts Milton Fastrup, Edward Mann, Joseph Pokosa, Douglas Warren; Sgts Raymond Glauer, Joseph Gordon, James Gibson, Harold Prestwood, Christopher Shorten, Leroy Aden.

23. 2nd Lts John Newell and Royce Stephens were promoted to 1st Lt, as per Sq O No. 80. The following officers appointed as per Sq O No. 60: 1st Lt Charles G. Wood - "D" Flight commander; 1st Lt  George F. Spear -  "D" Flight Bombardier; 2nd Lt Rodney Loft - "D" Flight Navigator.

24. The target for today was the construction works at Cocove, France, a "Ski-Site" thought to be connected with Germany's secret weapon. The bombing results were unobserved as it is not known what damage the target received. It is the first target of its kind that has been the object of the group's bombs.

The squadron was led by Lt Col Hall, Capt Lord and Lt Hecker in aircraft #1417; also in the lead squadron were Lts Flaherty, Goodge, Hutchens, McNeill, Wood, Robinson and Genther. It was the big one for Capt Lord's crew as it was the 25th mission for T/Sgt Thomas S. Campbell and S/Sgt Joseph F. Mello. S/Sgt Ken Stone described the mission as "Rough. And there was plenty of flak."

25. Today, Christmas, was non-operational, however the usual garrison duties were performed. The entire base personnel enjoyed a very good Christmas dinner of turkey and all the trimmings. Christmas carols were played over the "Tannoy" which added to the spirit of the holiday.

26. The following were assigned: 2nd Lts Robert Laux, Donald Harper, Phlemon Wright, Judson Doyle; Sgts John Holton, Howard Atkinson, Henry Barr, Rudolph Cutino, Richard Hamilton, Abraham Helfgott.

27. As per SO No. 173 the following combat crew are assigned: 2nd Lts Dale McCrory, Harvey Grover, William Reardon, Kenneth Bailey; S/Sgts Jerry J. Petska, Sgts Glenn M. Dick, William Seifermann, Richard Brown and Howard Van Hoozer.

28. The mission to St Jean D'Angely, was scrubbed.

30. Today eight aircraft of this squadron took off for Ludwigshafen, to bomb the second largest plant for the production of dyestuffs, chemicals and plastics, in Germany. Our pilots were: Lts Clore, Genther, McNeill, Wood, Saur, Robinson, Goodge and Darrow. Results of bombing were unobserved. Enemy air opposition was weak while flak was meager.

31. Lts Hutchens, Saur, Zeman, Wood, Goodge, Darrow, Genther, Herrington and McNeill took part to bomb Cognac/Chateau Bernard AF, Bordeaux. Many landed away from the base on their return as the field was closed.

The following officers were promoted during the month: George Desantis to 1st Lt; Ralph J. Waldman to 1st Lt; Thomas J. Hester to Capt; Marvin E. Dille to 1st Lt; Cornelius J. Donovan to 1st Lt.

The squadron count at end of December was 76 officers and 415 EM.


 

January 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

JANUARY 1944

3. The first mission of the month, to Leverkusen, was scrubbed.

4. Six aircraft of this squadron took off for  Kiel, Germany,  the pilots being: Lts Flaherty, Zeman, Beckman,  Robinson and Herrington, who was forced to abort. Unfortunately, just a few miles from the base, Lt Clore's blew up and crashed, killing all on board. Most of them on their 25th and final mission. Crew: Lts Cecil M. Clore, John W. Newell, Ralph J. Waldman, Sgts Walter R. Trainer, Salvatore Bozzette, Richard L. Streicher,  Harold M. Robinson, Named M. Howard, Richard E. Ingmire.

5. The 381st BG was led by Capt Lord and Lt Wood on a mission to Tours, France to bomb the Parday/Lesley airfield. Other squadron pilots were: Lts Genther, McNeill, Darrow, Herrington and Zeman. The latter, in #676, is missing in action.  The ship was hit by a rocket while it still had the bombs bay open, it then made a slow turn to the right, then turned back finally going into a spin before crashing to the ground. Eight chutes were reported seen.

MIA Crew: Lts Jack R. Zeman, Otis A. Montgomery, Frank R. Bisagna, William C. Walker; Sgts John W. Sinquefield, Burton A. Girvan, Harve A. LeRoux, Francis B. Cater, Raymond Chevreaux, George M. Day. 

6. Today, a party headed by Lt DeSantis attended funeral services at the Cambridge American Cemetery for Lt Clore and his crew, who were killed on Jan 4, when their aircraft crashed at Sible Hedingham, Essex, soon after take-off. There were 12 officers and 30 EM from the squadron who attended. The service was conducted by Chaplain Brown and Chaplain Collett,  starting at 15.00 hrs and completed in 30 minutes or so. The caskets were each draped with the American Flag, and placed in a separate grave.

A mission planned for Cocove, France, was scrubbed.

7. Seven aircraft were airborne this morning for a mission to Ludwigshafen, piloted by Lts Hutchens, Genther, Flaherty, Beckman, Saur, Robinson and McNeill.  All returned safely to base reporting bombing results as unobserved due to a complete overcast.

1st Lt Adrian L. Maloney, in addition to his other duties, is appointed Assistant Station Personnel Officer.

8. Major J. J. Fitzgerald Jr, was appointed Squadron Commander, relieving Capt Lord, who was appointed Squadron Operations Officer.

The following crew personnel were assigned: 2nd Lt Ray F. Bombard, 2nd Lt R. E. Hassletine, Sgts James E. Marbry,  Andrew J. Amato, James G. Keesling.

9. The following officers have been detailed and appointed to carry out the duties indicated: 1st Lt David D. Hutchens - Flight Commander "A" Flight, vice Capt William J. Baltrusaitis transferred; 1st Lt Charles G. Wood - Flight Commander "B" Flight; 1st Lr Bernard F. Beckman - Flight Commander "C" Flight; 1st Lt George R. Darrow - Flight Commander  - Flight Commander "D" Flight.

10. Today the following combat personnel were assigned: 1st Lt Kirsch J. Cogswell, 2nd Lt William R. Keenan, S/Sgt Raymond J. Leccese, S/Sgt Frank O. Urban, Sgt Charles E. Duncan.

11. The target for today was the fighter aircraft assembly plant at Oschersleben, the pilots being: Lts Hutchens, McNeill Robinson, Darrow, Goodge, Flaherty and Saur, the latter missing in action. Heavy flak and approx. 175 enemy aircraft were encountered.

Twice wounded, Lt William W. Farrell, aboard "Friday 13th", picked himself up off the floor and bombed his objective, knocked down an enemy fighter and administered first aid to a wounded colleague, refusing medical treatment until the aircraft was out of danger. His explosives fell a split second before those of the rest of the formation. He then plugged in his oxygen hose and got back to his guns. His turret guns ran out of ammunition so he jumped top the nose gun and fought from that position until he again exhausted his ammunition.

The pilot Lt Flaherty, had performed prodigious flying skill all through the trip, always keeping the bomber in its position in the formation. Back over England he found his hydraulic system shot out and, although he didn't know it he also had a flat tire. He made an excellent landing, nevertheless, although the flat tire dragged the ship off the runway and into the mud. Combat crew members of this squadron are credited with 19 enemy aircraft destroyed.

13. 2nd Lt Martin P. King and F/O Russell D. Austin were assigned this date.

14. The mission planned for Croisette, France, was scrubbed.

15. The mission to Gotha, Germany, was scrubbed.

18. The mission to Frankfurt, Germany, was scrubbed.

19. The missions to Belleville en Caux and St Adrien, France, were scrubbed.

20. The following combat personnel were assigned today:

2nd Lts Armour C. Bowen, Floyd L. Miller, S/Sgts Brian Grinde, John T. Yergo, Thomas L. Lamore. Again the missions were scrubbed, this time to Belleville en Caux and St Adrien.

21. After two unsuccessful attempts at the previous target,  a mission was finally carried out with bombing results reported as good. Enemy air opposition was nil while flak was meagre and inaccurate. The pilots participated were: Lts Genther, Robinson, Wood, McNeill, Flaherty, Winter, McCrory and Thomson.

24. The aircraft of this squadron took off on a mission to Frankfurt, but four minutes after crossing the enemy coastline,  10.24 hrs word was received to abandon the mission.

The following combat personnel were assigned this date:

Lts William Borrego, Julian G. O'Neill, Lorenzo Espinoza,  Henry B. Matty; Sgts Wilfred L. Miller, Joseph L. Durnin, John V. Kangas, Glenn J. Terry, Herbert D. Walker, S/Sgt Oliver K. Stuart.

26. The mission to Frankfurt was scrubbed. A second mission was therefor planned, but that was also scrubbed.

29. Eight aircraft of this squadron took off for Frankfurt, piloted by: Lts Wood, Thomson, Flaherty, Beckman, Genther, Laux, McNeill and McCrory. All planes returned safely.

Sgt Robert L. Fain was assigned this unit today.

30. The group formation was led by Major Fitzgerald and Capt Hecker on a  mission to Brunswick, the other pilots being: Lts Thomson, Flaherty, Wood, Genther, Laux, McNeill and Fastrup.  All crews returned safely reporting  bomb results unobserved due to a 10/10th cloud cover. Capt Hester and Sgt Dearth are each credited with one enemy aircraft destroyed.  

31. The end of January finds  four combat crew personnel who have finished their tour of operations over enemy territory: Major Marvin D. Lord, S/Sgt Kenneth Stone, and C. B. Fry, finished their mission on 7 January, while today S/Sgt Billy L. Whittington finished up.

There were nine promotions this month: Capt Lord to Major,  1st Lt Hutchens to Capt, 2nd Lts Moore, Genther, McNeill, Stephens, Goodman and Wilson to 1st Lt. Lt Hecker was already promoted to Capt.

The strength of the squadron is 82 officers and 400 enlisted men.

The 532nd was well represented by recipients of awards during December/January. The awards are as follows:- Six Distinguished Flying Crosses to: Capt Melvin R. Hecker, S/Sgt James L. Baker, T/Sgt Carl W. Hartnett, T/Sgt Jack Kaufman, S/Sgt Richard G. Morrison, S/Sgt   William F. Provonsha, while five Purple Hearts went to Lt William R. Farrell,  F/O Benjamin M. Saporta, S/Sgt   Robert E. LaVert, S/Sgt Joseph C. Clement,  S/Sgt Ralph R. Rosato.

There were 29 Air Medals and 74 Oak Leaf Clusters.

February 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

FEBRUARY 1944

1. The mission planned for Frankfurt today, was scrubbed.

2. The second day of the month finds the squadron doing the usual garrison duties as no mission was scheduled for today.

3. The target was the port area of Wilhelmshafen, where is located important naval dockyards where U-boats are constructed and repaired. Squadron pilots were: Capt Hutchens, Lts McNeill, McCrory, Fastrup, Laux, Thomson, Robinson, Beckman and Genther.

4. The railroad marshalling yards of the important commercial center of Frankfurt was the target chosen or today, the aircraft being flown by: Capt Hutchens, Lts Thomson, McCrory, Beckman, Laux, Genther, Robinson, Fastrup and Cogswell.

Eight men of one crew  finished their tour of operations today: Capt David Hutchens, Lts William L. Goodman, Royce L. Stephens, Sgts Hilbert W.  Braun, Alexander J.  Pzalagowski, Gene  Purdy, Mike Jasinski and Francis Barnett.

5. The airfield at St Avord, France, was the objective of the bombers today. This field was being used as a training base for fighters and long range bombers. Pilots taking part were: Major Fitzgerald, squadron commander, who led the composite group, with Lts Thomson, Henderson, Robinson, Cogswell, Laux and Capt Hutchens.

Lt William F. Tillson finished up today, just one day after his pilot, Capt Hutchens and others of his crew.

Today Sgt Raymond Chevreaux, reported missing in action January 6 over Tours, returned to the base. He received a promotion to S/Sgt and is scheduled to be sent to Mitchell Fd, Long Island, NY.

T/Sgt James M. Self Jr, who has completed a tour of duty with the 384th Bomb Group at Grafton Underwood, has been assigned as a gunnery instructor.

6. The crews scheduled for today's mission were briefed on the airfield and Nancy/Essey, France. This field is now being used by the Germans for training glider and air-borne troops. Adverse weather conditions prevented the bombers from dropping their bombs, which were brought back to base.

9. The mission planned to Leipzig was scrubbed, due to weather conditions.

10. Seven aircraft of this squadron attacked Ludwigshafen today, those taking part were: Lts Henderson, Thomson, Cahill, Fastrup, Beckman, Darrow and Laux, the latter, flying in #099-G is missing in action. One of this crew, Sgt Thomas J. Glennan was a former radio mechanic of this squadron. He volunteered for gunnery and spent a week at gunnery school. It was his third mission. Crew: Lts Robert V. Laux, Donald G. Harrer, Phlemon T. Wright, Judson F. Doyle; Sgts John L. Holton, Abe A. Helfgott, Richard C. Hamilton, Rudolph Cutino, Thomass J. Glennan, Henry R. Barr.

13. Today a mission was planned for Lettingham/Les Grande Bois, France but it was scrubbed before briefing.

17. After several quiet days a Field Order came through designating Freval, France, as the object of today's operation, but again the mission was scrubbed.

20. Today two targets were named for this group. Planes went to Leipzig and Oschersleben. The mission today is expected to play a very important part in the outcome of the war. It is one of the greatest attacks by the Eighth Air Force against the Germans.

Twelve aircraft of this squadron took off piloted by Lts: Beckman, McCrory, Fastrup, Genther, Bowen, Cogswell, Cahill, Henderson, Robinson, Thomson, Flaherty and Capt Wood.

Lt Cogswell in #562-P , and crew, are missing in action. At 13.42 hrs over the target this aircraft left the formation after apparently being hit by fire from a ME 110. They were seen joining another formation and  dropping their bombs over the target.  When last sighted the plane was still with the formation and no chutes were observed leaving the aircraft. Crew: Lts Kirsch J. Cogswell, William Borrego, William R. Meehan, Lorenzo Espinosa; Sgts Raymond J. Leccese, Frank O. Urban, Joseph L. Durnin, Charles E. Duncan, John V. Kangas, Wilfred L. Miller.

Sgts  Straub, Walker, Stuart, Chas Bearze are all credited with an enemy aircraft damaged.

Today M/Sgt Victor A. Kottinger, a crew chief of this squadron was married. His wife and he honeymooned in London.  He comes from California.

21. The target for today was to be Gutersloh, however a target of opportunity, Achmer airfield, was attacked by: Capt Wood, Lts Cahill, Henderson, Beckman, McCrory, Fastrup, Bowen and Thomson. The latter aborted due to mechanical failure of #3 engine.

T/Sgt Dirling claimed one enemy aircraft destroyed and Sgt Terry, one damaged.

Two new crews were assigned: 2nd Lts David D. Keyes, Richard C. Seal, Ralph W. Lynch, John N. Hughes; Sgts Charles C. Van Voorhis, John L. Fair, Charles E. Davis, Larry W. Lynch, Theodore R. Simone, Dale E. Hullett.

2nd Lts Willard B. Thomas, Paul R. Schlintz, Charles W. Bonham, Doswell A. Jamison; Sgts Richard L. Krepfle, Elmer E. Estle, George J. Dynan, Henry R. Levandoski, Fred A. Taylor, Cecil L. Lowry.

22. The target which the crews were briefed on today was Oschersleben, but a target of opportunity was attacked and identified by photographs as Bunde, Germany. The ships of this unit were piloted by Capt Hecker, with Major Fitzgerald as group commander; other pilots being Lts Thomson, Henderson, Genther, Bowen and Flaherty. The latter is reported as missing in action. Crew: Lts Francis J. Flaherty, John I. Hoffer, Russell D. Austin, William R. Farrell; Sgts Notra J. Bright, John P. Roe, Burling Larson, Henry R. Krzyzak, Casimir L. Bukowski, Arthur N. Butler.

Today's mission was the completion of the tour of combat duty for T/Sgt Fred T. Berg. His right hand was severely frost-bitten while he was cranking his bomb-bay doors closed after the run over the target. Berg was one of the original crew members of the squadron having been assigned in Pyote, Texas.

23. Today T/Sgt Fred T. Berg was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for completing 25 missions over enemy occupied territory.

24. For the third times aircraft of this squadron flew on a mission to Schweinfurt, but this was not as rough as the others have been as no aircraft were lost. Enemy aircraft did not attack this squadron, however moderate to intense accurate flak was encountered at the target. Bombing results were reported as fair. Pilots who participated were: Lts Beckman, McCrory, Henderson, Darrow, Fastrup, Cahill, Robinson and Thomson.

Two new crews were assigned: 2nd Lts Thomas A. Pirtle, John B. Kilenberg, Milton W. Stern, Harry F. Cooper; S/Sgts James W. Warren, Robert W. Burrows; Sgts James C. Estep Jr, George W. Cassody, William C. Kinney, William L. Bull.

2nd Lts John A. Rickerson, Donald M. Wilson, Edward J. Hammer, F/O Walter Oneschak; Sgts Gerard B. Wilbur, Durward I. Williams, Alfredo Lujan, Paul E. Sanzone, John R. Phelps, Theodore A. Setela.

25. Today's target was the Messerschmitt  fighter assembly plant at Augsburg, all our aircraft reported bombing results as good. The composite group was led by this squadron, the pilots being: Capt Wood, Lts Robinson, Cahill, Genther, McCrory, Fastrup, Darrow (who finished up) and Henderson, who was on his 25th mission, is missing in action.

MIA Crew: Lts Donald G. Henderson, Jack H. Fournier, Earl H. Wonning, Nicholas J. De Rose; Sgts Raoul B. Ramos, Boyd E. Burgess, Anthony J. Korkuc, Anthony J. Bartolo, Thomas R. Hunnicut, Dale L. Schilling.

Four enlisted men of this squadron: T/Sgt Evan B. Marsh, Cpl Roy C. Sanders Jr, Pfcs Armando Castro and Carl Gross, left for gunnery school today where they will receive a three-day course of instruction in flexible gunnery.

27. T/Sgt William Seifermann died this morning as a results of wounds received during the raid on Schweinfurt on Feb 24.

28. He was taken to the American Cemetery at Cambridge. The entire crew he flew with, and his brother, attended the funeral service.

29. The planned mission to Jever, Germany was scrubbed before take-off.

Ten officers of this squadron exchanged old bars for new this month: 1st Lts Wood and Winter to Captain; 2nd Lts Moore, Flaherty, Loft, Speer, Schneider, Zadnik, Brophy and Loftin to 1st Lt.


The squadron strength at end of the month is 79 officers and 390 EM.

Numerous awards were presented to combat personnel. They are:- S/Sgt Paul A. Leighton - Distinguished Flying Cross; three Purple Hearts to: F/O Benjamin M. Saporta, S/Sgt Joseph C. Clement, S/Sgt Ralph L. Hooper; plus 26 Air medals and 45 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

March 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

MARCH 1944

2. Eight aircraft of this squadron took off this morning on a mission to Frankfurt, all returned safely reporting bombing results as unobserved due to 10/10th cloud covering the target. Enemy aircraft did not attack our formation, however intense and accurate flak was encountered. The pilots were: Capt Wood, Lts Cahill, Fastrup, Genther, Bowen, McCrory, McNeill and Robinson.

2nd Lt Fastrup was promoted to 1st Lt today.

3. The Field Order for today's mission designated Erkner (outskirts of Berlin) as the target, but the aircraft of this squadron dropped their bombs on Oldenburg as weather conditions made it impossible to  hit the primary target. Those taking part were: Lts McNeill, Bowen, Fastrup, Robinson, Cahill, Keyes  and Genther.

4. Again Erkner is named as the objective of today's operation, the target being a ball-bearing manufacturing plant producing a million ball-bearings per month. A target of opportunity was attacked however. Those who participated were: Lts McNeill, Fastrup, Robinson, Genther, Cahill, Bowen and Keyes. The latter is missing in action. Crew: Lts David D. Keyes, Richard C. Beal, Ralph W. Lynch, John C. Hughes; Sgts Charles C. Van Voorhis, John L. Fair, Theodore R. Simone, Dale E. Hullett, Henry Levandoski, Eugene Davis.

6. Captains Wood and Winter led the group's bombers to the Reich capital today where tons of bombs were unloaded. Also participating were: Lts Bowen,  Genther, Cahill, Pirtle and Fastrup, who is missing in action aboard #448. The ship was seen going down in a glide in the target area with two engines out. Eight chutes were observed for certain, and possibly two more. Crew: Lts Milton A. Fastrup, Edward C. Mann, Martin P. King, Howard Atkinson (S/Sgt toggler); Sgts Raymond R. Glauer, Elmer E. Estle, John S. Snyder, Christopher Shorten, William Provonsha and George J. Dynan.

Enemy air opposition was very strong. Capt Wood said he could count more than 200 fighters in the air over Berlin, nearly every kind of fighter, attacking the formation from all directions.

S/Sgt Lazarski is credited with an enemy aircraft destroyed and S/Sgt Hickey with one damaged. Both Capt Wood and Lt Robinson finished up today.

7. Today's mission to Berlin (Erkner) was scrubbed before briefing. The field Order then designated an airfield at Gutersloh, but this was also scrubbed.

A new combat crew was assigned: Lts Ralph Bemis Jr, George W. Conly, William H. Sherburn; T/Sgts Eldred H. Krisle, Vance B. Dykes, Sgt Sidney A. Walden, S/Sgt Robert H.  Husson, Sgts Sidney F. Formby, Andrew C. Walker Jr.

8. Captain Hecker was the pilot of the lead ship on the mission to Erkner, Berlin. Lts Thomson, Beckman, McCrory and Pirtle participated, but the latter is missing in action. Crew: Lts Thomas A. Pirtle, Paul H. Schlintz, Milton W. Stern, Harry F. Cooper; Sgts George W. Cassody, Robert W. Burrows, William C. Kinney, James W. Warren, James E. Estep Jr, William L. Bull.

Capt Hester, lead bombardier said of the XXXXXXXX were  four groups that hit the factory just as he synchronized. "My bombs fell right on their's in one big hit on top of the target. It was a perfect pattern  for the entire Wing. The lowest smoke was more than 5,000 ft high before we made the target. There was a column of smoke 15,000 ft high and could be seen 75 miles away from the target."

Capt M. Hecker, Lt R. Loft, Sgts E. Knauth, E. Smith and R. Johnson finished their tour of operations today.

9. The Field Order specified Orienburg as the primary target for today, but weather conditions made bombing of the secondary advisable. This was Berlin. This squadron was represented by: Lts Beckman, Bowen, Thomson, Rickerson, McNeill and McCrory.

Lt M. Schneider finished up today.

10. The squadron meeting was held today and various awards  earned by the combat men and ground crews were presented. Lt George T. Kelley gave a  security lecture.

13. Wizernes, France, was to be today's target of construction works, but it was scrubbed.

A new crew was assigned: Lts Palmer Bradner, William Moore, Sgts James McDonnell, Casimir Wilanowski, William McKinney, Wayne Padgett, Victor Sykes, George Miller.

14. Again Wizernes was the target, yet once more it was scrubbed.

15. Two new crews assigned today: Lts Clarence Ezzell, Dean Larson, William Wilson, John Nymeyer; Sgts Wesley Peck, Henry Augustine, Louis Baker, Lloyd Harvey, Harm Beninga, Carl Schaaf.

Lts Gottfried Klinksiek, Howard Anderson, Alfred Coffman, Floyd Small; Sgts Leon Brewer, Zeke Herrara, William Beall, Lloyd Daffern, Curtis Gray, Joseph Kavanaugh.

16. The marshalling yards at Augsburg were attacked by this squadron today, from which all planes returned safely after bombing. Taking part were: Lts McNeill, McCrory, Howcroft, Genther, Cahill, Rickerson, Thomson and Bowen.

Completing tours of duty today were: Sgts J. Wise, J. Lanza Jr, W. Newhall. R. Walters, J. Rudick, D. Harrigan, R. Mack, E. Straub; Lts H. Genther, E. Carter, G. Stang Jr and F. Lemmon.

Newly assigned crew are: 2nd Lt Kenneth T. Haynes, Harris Sluyter,  Edmund P. Cusson, Harry J. Stahlecker; S/Sgts Edward N. Sauld, Harry C. Loparco, Sgts  Kenneth M. Ham, Donald B. Mahaffey, S/Sgt Ervin N. Young, Sgt Arthur M. Plows.

17. Augsburg and Frankfurt were the targets designated for today, but they were scrubbed.

2nd Lts F. Lemmon and C. Stang promoted to 1st Lts.

18. The crews were briefed for today's mission to a very important aero components factory at Frankfurt. This plant is responsible for a large percentage of Germany's piston rings. This mission was scrubbed and another substituted. The newly designated target was the aircraft assembly plant at Oberpfaffenhofen. The pilots representing this squadron were: Lts Howcroft, McCrory, Thomson, Cahill, Bowen and McNeill participated.

Lt Loftin completed his tour of operations.

19. Non-operational. Work is being carried out on this site to get the ground spaded and grass seed planted. The work is expected to improve the looks of the site a great deal.

20. The crews scheduled for the mission today were briefed on an important aero components factory in Frankfurt, responsible for a large percentage of Germany's piston rings and hydraulic brakes. Pilots were: Lts McNeill, Howvroft, Bowen, Thomson, Cahill, McCrory and Beckman.     

Completing their tour of operations  on this mission were: Lts B. Beckman, D. Brophy, G. Speer and Sgts A. Levine, G. Frain, R. Rush, G. Dirling and N. Rossi.

22. A bomber assembly plant in Berlin was the assigned target, where no enemy aircraft were encountered but our formation met intense, accurate flak over the target area. Pilots for this mission were: Lts McNeill, Bowen, Cahill, Thomson, Rickerson and Thomas.

23. The airfield of Worl, southeast of Hamm, Germany,  was the objective of our bombers today, the following pilots and crews participated: Lts McNeill, Thomas, Bowen, Ezzell, Haynes, Rickerson and Cahill. Meager to moderate flak was encountered.

Sgt R. Ruth finished up today.

24. Capt Winter and Lt McNeill, flying 010-J, led the squadron formation on today's mission to Schweinfurt. The crews did not get to their target but dropped their bombs on Frankfurt. Others taking part were: Lts Rickerson, Howcroft, Thomson, Ezzell, Cahill and Haynes. The latter crashed on take-off, at Bailey Hill Farm, Birdbrook soon after take off. All were killed.

Crew: Lts Kenneth T. Haynes Jr, Ralph Bemis Jr, Edmund P. Cusson, Harry J. Stahlecker; Sgts Edward N. Sauld, Harry C. Loparco, Zeke P. Herrera, Kenneth M. Ham, Donald R. Mahaffey, Arthur M. Plows.

Two ships apparently collided, Rickerson and Thomson, the former split in half at the radio room and the latter peeled out of the formation apparently under control. Crews: Lts John A. Rickerson, Donald M. Wilson, Walter Oneschak, Edward J. Hammer; Sgts Gerard B. Wilbur, Durwood I. Williams, Alfredo Lujan, John R. Phelps, Paul B. Sanzone, Thomas L. LaMore.

Lts Thomas P. Thomson, George A. Bowen, Walter Brzoska, Edward J. Neville; Sgts Libor J. Holub, Howard R. Poquette, Paul A. Hickey, Hubert S. Bollinger, Clyde C. Draa, Rinaldo Cavalieri.

The following personnel returned after having been mission in action: Lts Laux, Wright; Sgts Leroux, Cutino, Glennan, Hamilton and Helfgott.

New crews assigned are: Lts Robert T. Martin, Christian G. Roth, Eugene G. Brown, Richard G. Evans; Sgts Clarence A. Sprague, Cornelius C. Anderson, John X. Ott, John T. Cunningham, Sidney J. Simon, Everett B. Dean.

Lts Harold C. Blog, F/O Frederick L. Dill, George D. Dennis, Henry Miller; Sgts John Heidebrink, Jack L. Thompson, Stanley Poloski, Samuel Humphrey, Wallace D. Anderson.

26. The mission to Bohlen was scrubbed, and a substitute target was Marquise/Mimoyecques, France, believed to be a construction works for one of Germany's secret weapons.   Participating were: Capt Winter, Lts Cahill, Howcroft, Ezzell and Klinksieck. Bombing results were good, crews reporting bombs bursting in the target area. No enemy aircraft were seen, although intense flak was encountered.

Finishing up today were: Lt Campbell, Sgts Connors and Hartnett.

Another crew assigned were: Lts Leonard E. Zapinski,  Othmer G. Widosh, David P. Fuller, Robert Van Buskirk; Sgts George J. Pastre, James E. Wilson, Cpl Donald A. Harnes, William E. Webb, Hamilton B. Harper, Peter Kudrievitz.

27. Capt Winter flew lead with Lt Col Hall today. The 532nd led the 1st Combat Wing on a mission to St Jean D'Angely airfield, France, with : Lts Thomas, Howcroft, Klinkseik, Ezzell and Bowen, who was accompanied by Major Fitzgerald. All crews turned safely reporting excellent bombing results with bomb bursts right on the MPI.

28. Another airfield, Rheims/Champagne, France, was the target today with excellent results again reported. Taking part were: Lts Howcroft, Cahill, Moore, Thomas, Bowen, Klinkseik and Ezzell.

Finishing up today were Lt Howcroft and Sgt R.R. Rosato.

Members of Haynes' crew, who were killed on take-off recently,  were buried at the American Cemetery, Cambridge, attended by a party of this squadron at the funeral.

2nd Lts Tidwell, Chappell and Cahill promoted to 1st Lt.

Fourteen personnel were transferred to this squadron from the 535th BS. Sgts: Glen Hofert, J.W. Swafford, Rex Heintz, Kenneth Hitchcick, Thomas O'Brien, Arthur O'Mally, Theodore Snyder, Edward Nicholas, Francis Lobasso, George Dell, Robert Orr, Walter Prettyman, Josiah Hank III and  - Harrington.

29. Lts Bowen, Klinkseik, Thomas, Moore, Bradner, Ezzell and Cahill flew to Brunswick where they unloaded bombs by PFF. Due to 10/10th cloud bombing results were unobserved. All crews returned safely.

30. The designated targets for today were Ludwigshafen and Oberpfaffenhofen, but the mission was scrubbed.

A new crew was assigned: Lts Arthur C. Devine, Aubrey O. Farrar, Herbert Oberg, Carmen A. Noto; Sgts Joseph A. Noto, Winfred H. Morrow, William J. Loeder, Patrick M. Burdsal, Benjamin S. Weaver, Thomas F. Philpott.

Awards made during the month included 15 Distinguished Flying Crosses to:

2nd Lt Wallace W. Chappell, 1st Lt Donald R. Frieze, 1st John W. Howcroft, 1st Lt Edward H. McNeill, 2nd Lt Harvey G. Tidwell, T/Sgt Edmond Connors, S/Sgt Robert Dearth, S/Sgt Thomas Eastburn, S/Sgt Harold Harrington, T/Sgt Carl W. Hartnett, S/Sgt Rovert R. LeVert, S/Sgt Richard G. Morrison, S/Sgt Ralph R. Rosato, S/Sgt Harry Ruth Jr.; three Purple Hearts to: S/Sgt Richard G. Morrison, S/Sgt Ralph R. Rosato, S/Sgt Glenn J. Perry; with 21 Air Medals and 74 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

April 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

APRIL 1944

6. The mission to Oberpffaffenhofen was scrubbed before take-off.

7. The mission to Oldenburg was also scrubbed.

8. The target for today was the airfield at Oldenburg, a base for single engined fighters. Pilots of this unit were: Lts McCrory, Ezzell, Thomas,  Cahill, Bradner, Thompson, Klinksiek.  All crews returned safely reporting that bombs landed squarely on the target. No enemy aircraft were seen, but moderate to intense flak was encountered over the target.

9. Eight aircraft of this squadron took off this morning on a mission to Gdynia,  Poland, but were recalled before reaching the target.

10. Two targets were designated for the group today. Aircraft from this squadron attacked at aircraft factory at Brussels, Belgium. Capt Winter and Lt McNeill led the 381st  with: Lts Thomas, Blog, Bowen, Klinksiek, Ezzell,  Cahill and Zapinski. No enemy aircraft opposition was met but very accurate, though meagre flak was encountered over the target area.

11. Aircraft from this squadron attacked Sorau, Germany today with excellent results. The marshalling yards received many direct hits and the town its self was reported in flames. Only three ME 109s were encountered. Our pilots were: Lts Blog, Devine, Zapinski, McCrory, Klinkseik, Thomas, Cahill, Ezzell, Martin and Bowen.

12. The following new crew members were assigned: Lts Herbert C. Cann, F/O William Bonar, Edward R. Adams, Harold G. Jennings; Sgts Marshall  Blom, Albert McGlinsey, James C. Burrows, Patsy J. Savinetti, Ross L. Glatfelder, Erling A. Anderson.

13. The ball-bearing factory at Schweinfurt, again was the target for this group, our pilots being: Lts Bowen, Klinkseik, Thomas, Thompson, Ezzell, Bradner, Blog and McCrory. The factory had been put back in production after early bomb attacks severely damaged it. Bombing results were reported as good.

14. Two new crews were assigned today: 1st Lt James Tyson, 2nd Lts William Doherty, John Howland; Sgts Henry White, Charles Churchill, Robert Miller, Richard Jensen, Arnold Farmer.

1st Lt Carl Clark, 2nd Lt Bayard Nelson, Leon Obler; Sgts James Calderaro, Joseph Schwartz, Harold Hepfinger, John Nosal, Charles Harrington.

17. The mission scheduled for today  was the airfield at Leon/Couvres, France but the objective was scrubbed.

18. The target for today was the Heinkel aircraft component works at Oranienburg. This plant was the most important part of the Heinkel set up as it produced 30-40% of He 177s per month. All crews of this squadron returned safely reporting results as good. The pilots were: Capt Winter and Lt McCrory, with Lts Blog, Ezzell, Thompson, Klinkseik and Zapinski.

19. Capt Winter and Lts Ezzell, Thompson, Klinkseik, Zapinski, Thomas, Martin and Bradner, were the pilots that attacked Eschwege airfield, with excellent results. 

20. Nine aircraft of this squadron were dispatched to attack the LePlouy Ferme airfield, France. Bombs were not dropped due to a 10/10th cloud cover, which prevented the target being seen.

21. The mission planned for Merseburg, Germany, was scrubbed.

A new crew assigned was: lts Jack Sutherlin, Raymond Sullivan, David Schwartz, Guy Ferranti; Sgts John DuPre, John Eckhoff, George Samuelian, Anthony Valdez, Joseph Warner, Ivory Wilson.

22. Hamm, Germany, was the object of today's attack with excellent bombing results being reported. Our pilots were: Lts Bradner, Bowen, Zapinski, Thompson, Ezzell, Martin and Devine. Flak was meagre and no enemy aircraft encountered.

23. Another new crew was assigned: Hanley Cupernall, Frank Scurlock, James Sneed, Charles Young; Sgts Frank Heinze, Bertram Yankton, Anthony Diamante, Loren Murphy, Harold Morris, Kirby Putnam.

24. Excellent bombing results were reported after the attack on Erding, Germany's air equipment depot. Our pilots were: Lts Bowen, Klinksiek, Bradner, Thomas, Zapinski, Martin, Cahill and Blog.  No flak or enemy aircraft encountered.

25. The target designated for today's assault was the Metz/Frescaty airfield in France.  Those taking part were: Lts Bowen, Klinkseik, Bradner, Thompson, Cahill, Blog and Zapinski, who all returned safely.

T/Sgt Paul K. Ellis finished up today.

26. The center of the industrial area of Brunswick was attacked today when Major Fitzgerald and Lt Bowen led the 381st . Other pilots were: Lts Devine, Bradner, Thomas, Blog, Martin, Cahill, Klinkseik and Zapinski, who all reported results as unobserved as there was 10/10th overcast and bombs were dropped by PFF.

27. Lts Thompson, Cahill, Ezzell, Thomas and Cann took off on a mission to La Glacerie, France, but the target was not attacked.

S/Sgt Frederick (Doc)  Formby Jr, formerly with the 19th Bomb Group, with whom he completed 62 missions  and also as an observer on naval aircraft in the South Pacific, today completed his eighth mission with the squadron. He has flown all positions on aircraft, even as that of observer.

28. The St Avord airfield in France was attacked today with excellent bombing results reported. Participating were: Lts McCrory, Cahill, Ezzell, Thomas, Devine, Cann and Blog. Meagre but determined enemy opposition was encountered by the squadron, while there was accurate flak over the target.

Lt Roderick Cahill and his crew completed five missions in five days, an unusual feat for a heavy bombardment crew.

29. The center of Berlin was showered with thousand pound bombs today with good results. Some 8-10 ME 109s were encountered en route and flak in the target area was reported as intense and accurate. Taking part were: Lts Thompson, Martin, McCrory, Zapinski, Blog, Thomas, Devine and Cann.

T/Sgt Bertie Barnett, 532nd BS crew chief of #575 Mizpah, up to this date has completed 30 out of the last 32 missions without an abort.

30. The airfield at Lyons was the target for today, when our pilots were: Lts McCrory, Klinkseik, Ezzell and Cahill.  The MPI was smothered in one thousand pounders. There was no flak and no enemy aircraft encountered.

Heading the list of promotions this month is squadron commander, Major John J. Fitzgerald, to Lt. Colonel; 1st Lt Silva to Captain; 2nd Lts  H. Tidwell, R. Cahill, W. Chappell, F. Pilger, H. Grover, Bailey, E. Bryce, R. Conway, A. Kozuch, J. O'Neal, W. Beardon, C. Ezzell, J. Turner, H. Matty, R. Thompson, G. Klinkseik, W. Thomas and Derrington.

Strength for the squadron at the end of the month was 86 officers and 406 enlisted men.

During the month many awards were presented to the combat crew men of this squadron as follows: three Distinguished Flying Crosses to 2nd Lt Edward A. Bryce Jr, T/Sgt Richard Charnack, T/Sgt Albert F. Suchy; Four Purple Hearts to: 2nd Lt Othmer G. Widosh, S/Sgt Oliver K. Stuart, S/Sgt Herbert D. Walker, S/Sgt George J. Pastro. There were 69 Air Medals and 72 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

May 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

MAY 1944

1. Six aircraft of this squadron, piloted by: Lts Cahill, Zapinski, Thomas, Martin and Ezzell, took off on the first mission of the month, with Lts Bowen and McCrory in the lead ship of the group. The railroad marshalling yards at Troyes, France,  was the target attacked with excellent results reported. No fighter opposition was encountered and very little flak.

Lt DeSantis attended a General Court Martial at Bassingbourn, home of the 91st Bomb Group. 2nd Lts Crisler and Herrington promoted to 1st Lts.

2. Flying pay for the month of April was received  and paid to the combat crew personnel.

Lt Thomas and crew went to the rest home.

Major Marvin D. Lord transferred to the 381st Bomb Group.

3. A meeting of all ground officers was held in the Officers Club lounge at 13.00 hrs today. Captain Sandson spoke on security. An adjutants and executive officers meeting was held afterwards. A showdown inspection for airplane clocks produced one.

4. Aircraft of this squadron were airborne on a mission to Berlin, but turned back before reaching the enemy coast due to inclement weather.

5. Captain Douglas Winter, 1st Lts James Turner and Julian O'Neal and T/Sgt Hessle Buck crash landed at Larkins Farm, Twinstead, a village near Halstead, while on a practice flight. When #3 and 4 engines went out the ship lost altitude and hedge-hopped into an open field. The plane was completely burnt out, but the occupants escaped without serious injury. Capt Winter received a scratch on the left side of his face while T/Sgt Buck received a bruised left thigh and was hospitalized.

S/Sgt Bobbitt detached service to GEE School.  

6. The target for today was the construction works at La Glacerie, France, attacked by Lts Thompson, Devine, Martin, Blog, Cann, Ezzell and their crews. All returned home safely reporting moderate to intense flak at the target. Little enemy air opposition was encountered.

S/Sgt Hooker and Sgt Donald Miller returned from GEE School, and T/Sgt Buck was released from hospital.

Lt Cahill and crew left this morning for a 48 hr pass.

Air Medal ribbons and Oak Leaf Clusters were received for presentation.

7. Representing the squadron today were: Capt Winter, Lts Ezzell, Blog, Martin, Devine who attacked Berlin. Our aircraft were in the lead group of the 1st Combat Wing. While #088 and #575 received minor battle damage from the moderate to intense flak over the target area. Lt Donald Frieze finished up today.

S/Sgt Parchman and Cpl Olin returned from a 14 day course on Sperry turrets.

A party was held at the Officers Club in celebration of the 100th mission. Girls from nearby towns and show girls from London were invited.

8. Berlin was again the objective for the one thousand pounders of aircraft of this squadron flown today by: Lts Bowen, Ezzell, Sluyter, Blog, Devine, Martin and Wilson.  Lts Bowen, Pilger and Sgt Rosato finished up today, while 2nd Lt Martin was promoted to 1st Lt.

Yesterday's party was a big success. It was a party for officers of this base only and outsiders were barred.

9. The Field Order came through, designation being St Dizier, France, as the target to be attacked, those taking part were: Lts Ezzell, Cahill, Bailey, Klinkseik, Cann and Martin. All crews returned safely reporting bombing results as excellent.

Sgt Naporsky finished up today; Lt Stanton went back to the 398th BG and Lt Bannon returned to this unit, after helping the 398th to get organized before starting operations. Major Lord and Capt Marquam were also there to help organize the operations office, mess and ordnance departments. Six names of enlisted men were submitted to the MP detachment to be attached to the MP's for permanent base defense.

10. The mission planned for Rotenburg airfield, Germany, was scrubbed.

The enlisted men attached to the MP's for duty moved to Site Six. Lt Thomas and crew returned from rest home while supplemental base payroll was paid today.

11. Again the mission was scrubbed, today Munich be scheduled. A second mission was planned for this squadron, but they hit a target of opportunity at Thionville, France. Taking part were: Lts McCrory and Ezzell, leading the high group with, Cahill, Bailey, Klinkseik, Cann and Blog. Sgt Bearse finished up today.

The review we were to have before Col Leber was postponed because of the mission. Lt  William M. Gilvary was assigned to the squadron.

A new crew assigned was: 2nd Lts Andrew Stewart, Glenn Call, Donald Blythe, Charles Eisen; Sgts Aurelius Jones, Broderick Harrison, Peter Selig, Herman Kaplan, Gerald Micky, Albert Maggi. 

12. Lutzkendorf, Germany, was the target attacked by: Lts Thomas, Bailey, Bradner, Klinkseik, Devine and Cann. The five enlisted men on Lt Stuart's crew arrived from  The Wash  at 16.30 hrs.

13. Aircraft of this squadron formed the high group of the 40th Combat Wing, with Capt Winter and Lt McCrory flying lead. Other pilots were: Bailey, Bradner, Klinksiek, Devine and Cann, with Zapinski in spare position. Moderate and inaccurate flak was encountered over the target of opportunity, which was Stettin. S/Sgts Richard Brown and Edgar Formby each claimed one FW 190 destroyed.

Lt Conway and Sgts Morris and Walker all finished up today.

The invoice for the payment of 500 squadron insignias was received from the Akron Felt and Chanille Co, Akron, Ohio.

14. The squadron personnel participated in a presentation ceremony by Col. Leber. It was held at the perimeter track at 16.30 hrs. Seventeen enlisted men were awarded sterling silver bracelets for outstanding work as aircraft mechanics. The aircraft which they serviced went on 25 or more missions without an abortion. Four members were awarded the DFC while three received the Purple Heart award.

2nd Lt Bradner was promoted to 1st Lt.

15. The mission scheduled to Orly airfield, France, was scrubbed before briefing.

The entire squadron went to the ball diamond to take the quarterly physical fitness test, which consisted of sits ups, pull ups, and running 300 yards.

Lt Gilvary was transferred to the 533rd and Lt Machinis to this squadron.

The following crews were assigned: 2nd Lts John B. Doyle Jr, Julian K. Prokopovitz, F/O Richard L. Richards Jr, Bernard S. Leavitt; S/Sgts Charles E. Harker, Gordon Wise, Sgts Robert T. Matthews, Fred J. Razook, Robert J. Helman, Logan A. Thompson.

2nd Lts Roger L. Dussault, Bernard Segman, Valerio P. Magnobasco, Leonard L. Loper; S/Sgt Wendell B. Lawing, Sgts Alonzo L. Ehler Jr, Elmer C. Meier, John S. Mahar Jr, Howard L. Corum, James C. Spake.

16.  A second mission to Orly airfield, was planned but again was scrubbed.

Lt DeSantis gave a talk welcoming the new crews to the squadron and telling them of the base policies. He also spoke to them concerning security. The crews were sent to the hospital for a physical examination then to Squadron Supply followed by the Unit Personnel Officer.  At 13.15 hrs they attended a lecture given by the S-2 Section at the combat crew lounge. Executive officers and adjutants had a meeting in Col Reed's office and all were told to crew up a defense plan for sites in case of attack. Each evening a new password will be given by headquarters and it will be used at night by all base personnel. Password for tonight is Wyoming.

Today was an alert day.

17. Rotenburg, Germany, was the intended target for today, but the mission was scrubbed. The password for tonight is Ring.

18. Capt Marquam and Lt DeSantis sat on a General Court martial at this base of a Pvt Jones, 534th Squadron. He was acquitted.

The password is Swordfish.

19. The capital of Germany, Berlin, was the objective for today's mission, the formation being led by Capt Winter and Lt Clark, along with: Lts Bradner, Bailey, Zapinski, Sutherlin, Martin, Devine, Cupernall and Blog, who is missing in action.

Intense accurate flak was encountered at the target, however very little enemy air opposition was met. Piloted by Lt Blog, #088 was hit by flak over the target and dropped out of formation with #2 engine on fire. When the ship was last seen it was under control and eight chutes were seen.

Crew: 1st Lt Harold G. Blog, 2nd Lt Frederick L. Dill, F/Os George W. Dennis, Henry Miller; T/Sgts Jack L. Thompson, John W. Heidebrink; S/Sgts Samuel D. Humphrey, Stanley Poloski, Cornelius C. Anderson.

20. The mission scheduled for Ludwigshafen was scrubbed. However crews of this squadron were briefed on a practice mission, but they returned shortly after take-off due to poor weather.

21. 2nd Lts Anderson, Cann, Coffman, Sluyter and Small exchanged old bars for new today.

22. Taking part in today's mission to Kiel, Germany were: Lts Ezzell, Bailey, Cupernall, Klinkseik, Cann and Sutherlin. All returned safely reporting bombing results as good, while there were no casualties.

Ground Officers beat the Enlisted Men 11-7 in the softball game. The password for today is Vacation.

23. Meagre flak and no enemy aircraft opposition was encountered over the target today, which was an aircraft components factory at Woipey, France. However a target of opportunity was attacked, Homburg in Germany. Pilots taking part were: Lts McCrory, Cupernall, Bailey, Ezzell, Sutherlin, Cann and Zapinski. Sgts O. K. Stuart and C.E. Davis completed their tour of operations today.

The Station Administration Officer, Capt Morton Joyce, inspected the Orderly Room's files today. The password for today is Persimon.

24. Col Fitzgerald, squadron commander, led the lead group of the 1st “B” Combat Wing on the mission to Berlin today. Also participating were Capt Winter, Lts Bailey, Thomas, Bradner, Sutherlin, Zapinski, Cann and Ezzell, who is missing in action. They were flying in #010-J. The ship was hit on the left wing and immediately burst into flames. It was under control when last seen and five chutes were reported coming from the plane.

Crew: 1st Clarence W. Ezzell, 2nd Lt John L. Nymeyer, F/O Edward R. Adams, 2nd Lt William O. Wilson; T/Sgts Leslie H. Peck, Louie K. Baker; S/Sgts Harm R. Beninga, Lloyd L. Harvey, Carl Schaaf.

There was one casualty today on the mission. Sgt George Samuelian, tail gunner on Lt Sutherlin's crew, was killed when a burst of flak hit the tail of the ship.

Sgts D. M. Dick and F. M. Hancock finished up today.

Captain Joyce, the Station Administrative Officer, went through the barracks on an inspection with Lt DeSantis in Sites 1, 2, and 6.

The password is Potato.

25.  Usual garrison duties.

26. The Nancy/Essey airfield was the object of today's operation. Bombing results were reported as excellent. Our aircraft bombed buildings in the northern corner of the airfield, where there were numerous explosions and columns of smoke were observed in this area. Pilots taking part were: Lts Thomas, Cann, Bradner, Zapinski, Sutherlin and Cupernall.

A new crew was assigned today: Lts  Ernest Guy Jr, Harley J. Reed, Eugene H. Mathis, Robert J. LeMaster; Sgts Howard Seeds Jr, Karl C. Beard, Stanley R. Powierza, Joseph J. Matus, Arnold A. Gangloff, Paul Reed.

27.  Six aircraft of this squadron attacked Ludwigshafen today, the pilots being: Lts Thomas, Bailey, Cupernall, Martin, Sutherlin and Stuart, who is missing in action.  After attacking the target, about 25 miles southeast the aircraft seemed to be in trouble. Smoke was coming from the #1 engine and the ship began to lose altitude. Nine chutes were seen.

MIA crew: 1st Lt Andrew H. Stuart, 2nd Lt Glenn S. Call, 2nd Lt Don H. Blythe, 2nd Lt Charles K. Eisen; S/Sgts Frederick W. Harrison, Aurelius W. Jones, Herman H. Kaplan, Gerald B. Mickey, Sgt Peter Selig.

28. Pilots for today's mission to Polenz, Germany, were: Thomas, Doyle, Cann, Dussault, Cupernall and  Bradner. The bombing results of the lead group were excellent as seen by strike photos and all crews returned safely. No casualties reported or claims of enemy aircraft destroyed.

Sgt L. H. Kalmar finished up and  2nd Lt Sullivan was promoted to 1st Lt.

Two more new crews were assigned: Lts Jack M. McGregor, James C. Schomburg, Alexander  Stepanich, John Krc Jr; Sgts: Charles F. Hodges, Alfred L. Kazen Jr, Leslie C. Alexander, Lloyd C. Roedding, John C. Marinace.

Lts Bruce L. Rivett, George R. De Voe, Caleb G. Baxter, Benjamin  Ploch; Sgts John B. Hubbard, Mack B. Melcher, Albert F. Lang, Earl  Berkening, John A. Symmes, Byron F. Wear.

29. Posen, Poland, was the object of today's operation. Strike photos showed that the bomb clusters were all well centered around the MPI, which was the railroad shops. This squadron formed the lead element  of the low group. Capt Hester was the lead bombardier flying with Lts McCrory and Moore. Others were: Lts Cupernall, Zapinski, Martin, Doyle and Dussault.

Four members of Cupernall's crew got a shot at an ME 109  as it peeled off from an attack on the group ahead. They are: Lt Young, bombardier; Lt J. Sneed, navigator; Sgt Yankton, top turret; S/Sgt A. Diamante, ball turret. The crew followed the aircraft down and the pilot was seen to bail out.

30. The air armaments factory as Dessau, Germany, was attacked today with good results, by: Lts Sluyter, Sutherlin, Bradner, Cann and Zapinski, who is missing in action. Their ship # 025, was seen leaving the formation after fighter attacks and was last seen under control, but losing altitude fast.

MIA crew: 1st Lt Leonard E. Zapinski, 2nd Lt Othmer G. Widosh, 2nd Lt Robert Van Buskirk, 2nd Lt David P. Fuller; T/Sgt William E. Webb; S/Sgts George J. Pastre, James K. Wilson, Hamilton B. Harper, Donald A. Harness.

31. A mission today called for an attack on Florrennes, Belgium. The 532nd flew in the lead group, Col Fitzgerald and Capt Winter up front in # 2703, the other pilots being: Lts Sutherlin, Cupernall, Cann, Martin and Dussault.

The strength of the squadron to date stands at 85 officers and 411 Enl/Men.

During the month many awards were earned by the combat personnel for meritorious achievement during operations: four Distinguished Flying Crosses to: 1st Lt  James R. Turner, S/Sgt Glenn E. Davis, S/Sgt Frank N. Hancock, T/Sgt Robert L. Pinnick; along with 18 Air medals and 51 Oak Leaf Clusters. 


 

June 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

JUNE 1944

1. The 532nd squadron has adopted an English War Orphan sponsored by the Star and Stripes War Orphan Fund. The child, Daphne T. referred to as Case No. 868, was born May 11 1937. The father Seaman T. was called to service in March 1941 and was serving aboard the "Franc Terein" when his ship was sank with all hands in a scrap with an E-Boat in September 1943.

Daphne has mid-brown hair and is the mischief maker of the family. She is high spirited, inclined to want her own way and attempts to dominate the family group. She attends the local council elementary school. All the children show good care and that the mother maintains a clean and happy home is indicated by the children's appearance, etc.  Both parents had received elementary school education and the father had a reputation as a good steady worker who was devoted to his wife and family.     

Some £41 was collected from the enlisted men of the squadron as a contribution for the prisoners of war from this group.

1st Lt McNeill was promoted to captain and 2nd Lts Emmert and Jamison to 1st Lt. The mission scheduled for Hamburg was scrubbed before briefing. The password for tonight is Pelican.

2. All  the enlisted men except the radio operators on Lts Durbin and Klare's crews arrived at 20.00hrs. The password is Bullets.

Aircraft of this squadron formed the lead squadron of the 381st Group on the first mission of the day to bomb a gun installation in the Boulogne area. The results were unobserved due to 10/10th cloud coverage. Those taking part were: Lts Cupernall, Sutherlin,Thomas, Cann and Doyle.

Pilots on the second mission of the day to bomb a railroad flyover at Palaiseau/Massy, France, were: Lts Martin, Dussault and Herrington.

3. No crews of this squadron participated on the mission today. The officers and radio men on Lts Durbin and Klare's crews arrived at 20.00 hrs.

Lt Col Reed inspected the site this morning; Lts Eilenbury and Worthen were promoted to 1st Lts; The password is Gardenia.

Two more crews were assigned: Lts Norwood Durbin, Harold Wood, Ira Zipperman, Emery Santos; Sgts Eugene Gay, James Lane, John Culp, Jack Scott, Samuel Sargis, Thomas Cavanagh.

Lts Normand Klare, George Ward, Harold Brown, Alfred Goodfellow; Sgts Donald Bragg, Harold Provence, Otto Bauman, Sigurd Esselstrom, Daniel Flicek, Edward Vacek.

4. The new crews were given an indoctrination lecture. The password is Strike.

5. Lt Col Fitzgerald flew in aircraft #594, a PFF ship, as air commander leading the lead group of the 1st "B" Combat Wing on the mission to bomb the coast defense at Tailleville, France. Mt M. Fairbanks flew as lead navigator of this aircraft, the other pilots being: Lts  Sutherlin, Cupernall, Klinksiek, Doyle, Cann and Martin.

An inspection of Sites 1 and 6 was made today by a representative of the Division Air Inspectors's Office. Weapons and ammunition were issued to all men in preparation for invasion and defense of the area. The password is Finished.

6. The invasion of the European continent by allied forces started this morning between the hours of 06.00 and 08.00. The men worked all night in preparation for the missions of today. Aircraft of this squadron attacked defense installations in France, while other squadrons of the group attacked other defenses. Those taking part were: Capt Winter and Lt Moore; Lts Sutherlin, Doyle, Thomas, Dussault, Sluyter, Guy and Cann.

A second and third mission were planned for today, but were scrubbed due to bad weather. The password is Design.

7. Earlier today the weather was bad, but this afternoon the planes took off to attack the Kerlin/Bastard airfield in France. Sevens crews took part: Lts Cupernall, Guy, Thomas, Sluyter, Dussault, Martin and Rivett.

A great number of bomb bursts were seen on the runways  and buildings, and some enemy aircraft taking off were destroyed. Reports of the invasion are very vague yet. The password is Co-operate.

8. The target for today was a railroad bridge over the Loire River six miles east of the center of Tours, France. Strike photos show that the bridge was squarely hit. Those taking part were: Lts Klinksiek, Doyle, Guy, Bradner, Rivett, McGregor, Martin, Herrington and Sutherlin.

9. The password for tonight is Courage. All the planes are grounded because of bad weather. Invasion forces meeting stiff opposition from the enemy according to reports.

10. A gun emplacement in the Boulogne area at Hardelot was attacked today by aircraft of this squadron. Participating: Lts McCrory (PFF), Eilenberg, Rivett, Bradner, Dussault and McGregor.

The password is Thermometer. The supplemental payrolls were paid to all ground and combat crew men today. Five enlisted men on Lt Davis' crew arrived and were assigned to this unit at 20.00 hrs.

11. The mission today was an attack on an airfield at Beaumont Le Roger, on the French coast. Seven of our pilots took part: Lts Klinkseik, Eilenberg, Bradner, Guy, Sluyter and Dussault, while Klare flew with the 533rd.

The password is Anniversary. The officers club had an anniversary in celebration of our first anniversary on this base. Sgt Jurgensen was awarded the Bronze Star by General Gross.

Another new crew was assigned today: 2nd Lts: Warren C. davis, Gayle C. Bromander, James B. Richmond,  Frank L. Kleinwechter Jr; Sgt Frank W. Grown Jr, S/Sgts  Thomas E. Comish, John A. Dufek, Sgts William H. Kline, John W. Burkhalter, Paul W. Hege.

12. The Field Order today designated the target as the Lille Nord airfield near Lille, France, with Lt McCrory in the lead aircraft of the high group in the 1st "A" Combat Wing, others being: Lts Durbin, McGregor, Klinkseik, Bradner, Rivett and Cupernall. Bursts were seen west of the MPI on industrial areas.

The second mission of the day was to be the railroad marshalling yards at Juvisey, France, but was scrubbed. The password is Success.

13. The mission for today was scheduled to attack an oil refinery at Emmerich, Germany, but was called off.  The password is Lucky. Ten combat crew members were given an orientation lecture.

New crews assigned were: 2nd Lts Allen W. Webb, George Gomez, John W. Hayes, Earl S. Grossnickle; S/Sgts Roy C. Robbins, Landon L. Grisham; Sgts Jack S. Pabrick, Joseph H. Nadhjsky, William C. Burt, Adolph M. Gonzales.

2nd Lts Lloyd Sunderland, Donald Roberts, F/O Arthur Sherman, 2nd Lt Edward Grazul; Sgts Lloyd Burns, Troy Shelley, Ernest Young, Arthur Veach, James Norden, George Formanek.

14. The target attacked today was the Melun/Villaroche airfield, France, this squadron making up the low group of the 1st Combat Bomb Wing. Leading was Capt Winter; Lts McGregor, Rivett, Klinkseik, Guy, Klare, Martin, Durbin and Eilenberg.  We hit the lead group's MPI with good results.

S/Sgt Frederick A. Taylor, waist gunner was killed in action, hit by a 20m. cannon shell, and buried at the American Military Cemetery at Cambridge.  The password is Hesitate.

15. Our commanding officer, Lt Col Fitzgerald, with Capt Winter, led the 1st "B" Combat Wing to attack the Bordeaux/Merignac airfield in southwest France, when 12 of our aircraft took part. Other pilots were: Lts Rivett, Bradner, Klare, Thomas, McGregor, Cann, Klinkseik, Sutherlin, Cupernall, Guy, Martin, Sluyter. Results were excellent on the briefed MPI. The password is Lucky.

16. The mission today was to hit the oil refinery at Brux, Czechoslovakia, but was scrubbed.

An orientation talk was given to the officers of Lts Webb and Sunderland's newly assigned crews. The squadron personnel attended a moving picture and lecture by medics on "Louse Control."

17. The proposed mission for today was scrubbed. Lt Col Fitzgerald left for a seven day leave at a rest home, and in his absence Capt Winter assumed command. Lt Husted went to Sighting and Harmonization School for one week. Some 28 members of the squadron attended the funeral of S/Sgt Fred Taylor at Cambridge.

The password is Water.

18. Our squadron today helped form the lead, high and low groups in the 1st "A" Combat Bomb Wing, which attacked the dock areas in the city of Hamburg. Heavy flak was encountered but all aircraft returned safely, flown by: Lts Cann, Melomo, Rivett, Dussault, Guy, McGregor, Durbin, Klare, Thomas, Bradner, Klinkseik, Martin and Cupernall.

Another new crew joined the squadron today: Lts David Morgan, Francis Mousseau, Lawrence Weston, Robert Dewhurst; Sgts John McKay, Walter Triplett, Paul Keller, Leon LaForgia, William Pfeifer and William Thompson.

19. The missions scheduled for Homburg, Germany, and Fiefe, France, were both scrubbed. However a mission was run to Merignac, Bordeaux airfield, led by Lt Moore, in the low group of the 1st "B" Combat Bomb Wing, comprising 13 of our aircraft. The bombing results were excellent.

Others taking part were: Lts McGregor, Cann, Massaker, Sutherlin, Dussault, Cupernall, Durbin, Klare, Guy, Bradner, Sluyter and Doyle, the latter missing in action. In #088, he was last seen in the target area and had been hit by flak. It spun down and exploded with no chutes seen.

MIA crew: 2nd Lts John B. Doyle, Julian Prokopovitz, F/O Richard H. Richards, Lt Bernard S. Leavitt; S/Sgts Charles  E. Harker, Gordon W. Wise; Sgts Logan A.  Thompson, Robert  J. Helman and Robert  T. Matthews.

Ordnance and Armament enlisted men taken off all details in order to have as many men as possible in those departments working on their jobs. Planes returned from first mission and were loaded for a second, but it was scrubbed at the last moment. The password is Peanuts.           

20. The target for today was an oil refinery on the docks area at Hamburg, where hits were made on the MPI in nearby industrial areas. Eight of our ships were damaged by the heavy flak, the pilots who  took part: Lts Klinkseik, McGregor, Durbin, Guy, Bradner, Klare, Dussault and Sutherlin.

There was an enlisted mens dance at the Aero Club. The password is Location. 

21. Nine of our crews took part in an attack on Berlin, flying in the high group of the 1st "A" Combat Bomb Wing. Flak was intense over the target and our formation was attacked by 75-80 enemy aircraft in the area of Breslau, resulting in many claims. This was the largest daylight attack on the German capital to date. Taking part were: Lts Davis, Klare, Durbin, Cann, Cupernall, Guy and Dussault, who is missing in action.

This aircraft, #980, was seen to have an explosion in the right wing, and went down under partial control, with the chin turret  on fire. One man bailed out of the forward escape hatch, while another crew reported that they saw three chutes.

MIA crew: 2nd Lts Roger L. Dussault, Bernard Segman, Valerio Magnabasco; S/Sgts Ralph H. Holcolm (toggler), Elmer C. Meier, Wendell B. Lawing; Sgts Howard C. Corum, Alonzo L. Ehler Jr, John H. Mahar Jr.

22. Lt Irving Moore of this squadron led the "A" Group in the 1st "B" combat Wing to attack a switching power station at Tingry, France. Excellent results were reported as there was only meagre flak encountered and no enemy air opposition. Other pilots taking part were: Lts Sunderland, Rivett, Bradner, Martin, Davis, Webb, Klare and Herrington.

Another new crew was assigned today, less bombardier and navigator: Lts Roy Quinn, William Stewart; Sgts Frederick Bare, Herbert Dubberstein, Francis Riley; Cpls Richard Snyder, Arthur Nolte. 

23. Six of our aircraft today helped form the group which attacked a ski-site at Bachimont, France. Bombing was done by PFF and results were unobserved. Meagre flak was encountered and no enemy opposition. Our pilots were: Lts Guy, Martin, Sunderland, Durbin, Klare and Davis.

The password is Report.

24. The target for today was a railroad bridge over the Loire River, two miles west of Tours, France. Bombing with visual with excellent results reported. Capt Winter led our formation with Lt Sluyter; others were: Lts Martin, Davis, Webb, Sutherlin, Sunderland, Rivett, Klare, Durbin. No enemy air opposition was encountered but flak was meagre to moderate.

The regular Saturday morning inspection of all sites was held today.Lt Col Fitzgerald returned from the Stanbridge Earls rest home, resuming command from Capt Winter who took over for seven days, who in turn left for the rest home.

25. The aircraft of our squadron flown by: Lts Moore and Thomas in the lead, with Lts Davis, Cupernall, McGregor, Guy, Sunderland, Whitehead, Durbin, Rivett and Webb. The target was the Toulouse/Francazal airfield, where the bombing results were fair, although there was no air opposition and flak was inaccurate. The password is Variety.

26. The mission planned for today was scrubbed, it was to have been the aero engine factory east of Munich. Lt Husted returned from school, the password today being Destiny.

27. Non operational today, but a new crew was assigned: 2nd Lts Charles Reseigh, David Rautio, F/O Maryan Winiski, 2nd Lt Paul Smith; Sgts Leon Kaplan, John Nushy, Herbert Penner, David Greiner, Max Bair, Alvin Bacon.

28. The target for today was Fismes railroad bridge, France. No enemy air opposition was met and the flak was inaccurate. The enlisted men on Reseigh's crew were given an indoctrination lecture. The password is Minnie.

29. The mission scheduled for today was to attack the JU 88 assembly plant at Leipzig. Nine of our aircraft took off, but were forced to abandon operations due to weather. However, Lt Herbert G. Cann managed to join another wing and proceeded to the target to drop his bombs. Others involved were: Lts Webb, Klare, Bradner, Sunderland, Rivett, Guy, McGregor, Herrington.

The payroll money for the enlisted men was received, counted and put into envelops this afternoon.

30. The mission planned for today to attack the aero engine facory at Allach, near Munich was scrubbed.

It was payday for the officers and EM; Capt Winter returned from the rest home; the password is Camel.


Eight officers were promoted to 1st Lt this month: Eilenberg, Worthen, Bonham, Brown, Evans, Cupernall and Sutherlin.

The following returned to the Sttes for a 30 day furlough, after which they will return for a second tour of operations: Lts Klinkseik, Fairbanks, T/Sgt Beall, McDonnell, S/Sgt Sanders and Padgett.

Another new crew was assigned, less a bombardier: 2nd Lt Robert Devenish, F/O George Van Leuwen, 2nd Lt John Weidenbach; Sgts Devereux Thomas, Herbert Goldberg, John Foltz, Lloyd Carlton, Cpls Robert McPheeters, Harold Brown.

The following is a list of awards: nine Distinguished Flying Crosses to: 2nd Lr Palmer Bradner, 1st Lt Gottfried Klinkseik, 2nd Lt Dale McCrory, T/Sgt Charles E. Halvey, S/Sgt Cecil L. Lowry, S/Sgt Larry W. Lynch, T/Sgt Jerry J. Petska Jr, S/Sgt Roy C. Sanders Jr, S/Sgt Albert B. Shank. The Purple Heart went to 2nd Lt Ira K. Zipperman, along with 61 Air Medals and 33 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

July 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

JULY 1944

1. Non operational. The password is Regulation. The usual Saturday inspection was held this morning. Lt Husted and T/Sgt LaVert went to turret school. Lt Herrington went to the rest home.

2. The password is Party. The regular monthly officers party was held this evening commencing at 20.00 hrs. Girls from shows and theatres in London were invited and also girls from nearby towns as well as guests of the officers.

3. Lt Bonham, Eilenburg, Grover and Sherburn left this organisation to return to the States for combat in another theatre after completing their tour in the ETO. The password is careful.

4. The mission planned for today was to attack the railroad bridge over the Loire River just west of Tours, France. Our group did not bomb because of 10/10th cloud. Six crews from our squadron participated: Lts Klare, Sunderland, Martin, Durbin, McGregor and Webb. Flak was meagre and inaccurate and no enemy aircraft were encountered, thus all ships returned safely.

The Ordnance Co. on the field put on a display of fireworks in celebration of Independence Day. The show lasted about half an hour starting about 23.15 hrs. The password is Genoa.

5. Non operational. Lt Coffman was transferred to the 12th Replacement Control Depot to await orders to return home. Lt Matty and Sgt Wilamowski left for a 30 day furlough in the States then return to this unit for another tour of combat duty. The password is Cigarette.

6. The target for today was the construction works at Rely, France. Strike photos show a good pattern of bombs in the target area and the reports are that the bombing was excellent. No flak was encountered in the target area and enemy air opposition was nil. Our pilots were: Lts Martin, Morgan, Sunderland, Roth, Webb, Cann, Durbin, Davis and Cupernall.

Dr Bernard Cohler (Medic) left for a 7-day period at the rest home.

7. Capt Winter flew in the lead ship of the lead group of the 1st "B" Combat Bomb Wing to attack the armaments factory at Leipzig. Taking part were: Lts Webb, Durbin, Cann, Guy and Quinn. The crews reported excellent bombing results.

Two more new combat crews were assigned today: 2nd Lts  Arthur W. Bailey, Maury Hill, Stanley L.  Smolen, Robert A. Heinrich; S/Sgts Jeremiah J. Lubeley, David F. Smith; Sgts Richard  Stone, Francis C. McGiven, Raymond B. Mitchell, Lyle L. Brinis.

2nd Lts William J. Rendall, John Wolfe, Albert Stampe, Chester R. Hilton Jr; S/Sgts Ollie  F. Hagemeier, Jacob Kaluza, Ernest Rizel, Darrell Hamilton, John Lira, Aaron Haller.

The enlisted men of these crews were give an indoctrination lecture.

8. The construction works at Rely, again was the objective for six aircraft of this squadron; Lts Davis, Sunderland, Sutherlin, Morgan, Rivett and Quinn.

The regular Saturday morning inspection was made of all sites today.

9. Non operational for this squadron, however other units of this group attack St Omer airfield, France.

10. The missions planned for today,  a construction works at Fleurs, France, and the railroad bridge at Etaples, were both scrubbed.

11. Capt Morton Joyce, the Station Air Inspector, made an inspection of all areas, including the Supply Room, Mail Room and Orderly Room. Capt McNeill and crew returned after 30 days at home.

The mission for today was to Munich. There was a complete undercast on the entire route, and bombs were dropped by PFF method with unobserved results. Flak was inaccurate but intense while no enemy air opposition was met. Our pilots were: Lts Cupernall, Webb, Reseigh, Sunderland, Quinn and Sutherlin.

The partial payroll and supplemental payrolls were received for payment.

12. The mission for today, was again Munich, when nine of our aircraft took part: Lts Rivett, Quinn, McGregor, Sunderland, Klare, Cann, Reseigh, Webb and Davis. Bombing was done by PFF and only parts of the town were observed at the time the bombs were away. Flak was moderate to intense but no enemy aircraft were seen.

All crews were paid for the month of June.

13. We bombed Munich again for the third day straight. Again it was by PFF method, however some ships bombed visually and the bombs dropped approximately in the centre of the city.  Those who took part were: Lts Cupernall, Klare, Sunderland, Cann,Quinn, Devenish, Rivett, Morgan and Webb. Today was special for Lt Cann, who finished up.

14. Non operational. Lt Col Fitzgerald and Lt DeSantis made an informal  inspection of Site 6. The barracks and area were generally fair.

15. The mission planned for Merseburg was scrubbed. Unusual Saturday morning inspection of Sites, 1, 2, and 3. Barracks and area are in satisfactory condition.

Two combat crews were assigned: Lts McLendon Stallings, Joseph Grobe, Charles Cutter, Robert Cotton; Sgts Irwin Glaser, Orly Merritt, Frank Hermance, George Olliges, William Sederwall, Jack Booth.

Lts Kenneth Nashold, John Dutt, Regin Ginn, Perry Daws; Sgts William Galligan, Tony Gennaro, Richard Lindsey, Jack Ross, Victor Wunker, Alexander Pine.

16. Aircraft of this squadron bombed Munich today, the target, an aero engine factory, was hit by PFF method and results were unobserved. Taking part were: Lts Sunderland, Davis, Webb, McGregor, Reseigh, Devenish, Durbin, Morgan and Guy.

Lt Sunderland's crew just managed to reach a field in this country after the mission. The fuel supply was very low and two engines were out.

Lt McGregor had to ditch due to a shortage of gas, but through skillful manouvering and foresight he landed near an Air-Sea Rescue boat in the Channel. The landing was perfect and no one was injured. The crew had ample time to leave the plane which remained afloat approximately half an hour.

17.  S/Sgt G., a combat crewman was tried by court martial for larceny. He was found guilty of taking a watch from the White Hart Hotel, Great Yeldham, just down the road from the base, and sentenced to be reduced to the grade of private, and to be confined to hard labour for six months and to forfeit $40.00 per month for a like period.

The following personnel are newly assigned to the squadron: 2nd Lts Alton D. Copeland, James Ausmus, Edward A. Dvorak, Robert J. Crooks; Sgts Jack C. Dixon, Thomas Hills,  William   Turk, Milton S. Fruchy, Cpl Morris G. Phillips, Sgt    Claud Mullins.

18. Lt Col Fitzgerald and Capt Winter in #594 led the formation today on a mission to Peenemunde, northern Germany. Other pilots were: Lts Webb, Cupernall, Guy, Sunderland, Devenish, Reseigh, Morgan and Durbin, made up part of the lead group. Strike photos showed a heavy concentration of bombs on the experimental establishments. No enemy aircraft were encountered and all our ships returned safely.

Pfc Engelke, AWOL since 1 July, returned to duty this date.

19. Leading the high group today was Capt McNeill and Lt Sluyter on today's mission to attack Lechfeld airfield, Germany. Other pilots being: Lts Bailey, Klare, Devenish, Val Luewen, Morgan, Quinn, Durbin, Guy and Reseigh. Excellent results were reported.

Pvt Charles Thompson was assigned to this squadron. His brother Logan was a combat crew member of this squadron and has been MIA since the Bordeaux mission on 19 June.

20.  The objective of today's attack was an aero engine factory at Dessau, Germany. The pilots of this unit were: Lts Quinn, Devenish, Rivett, Klare, Davis, Reseigh and Bailey, who were led by Capt Moore and Lt Cupernall. Lt Quinn landed at Woodbridge, Suffolk and returned to the base about 16.30 hrs. His radio operator S/Sgt F. Bare sustained a slight hand wound from flak, which was moderate to intense at the target. 

Pfc Diehl received a Special Court Martial for being AWOL for 11 days. He was sentenced to three months hard labour without confinement, three months restriction, $40.00 fine for three months and reduced to Pvt.

21. Today's target was Schweinfurt. Those taking part were: Lts Reseigh, McGregor, Morgan, Bailey, Durbin, Klare and Quinn. All returned safely with no casualties.

  Capt Silva, M/Sgts  Barnett and Hooper were awarded Silver Stars for their outstanding work servicing aircraft on the line. Lts Bradner, Putnam and Conly were awarded Distinguished Flying Crosses by Col Leber at the officers club.

22. Non operational. The usual Saturday morning inspection was held and the barracks and sites were in a satisfactory condition.

23. Non operational.  Pfc Ergelke was court martialled for being AWOL for 18 days. He was sentenced to be restricted for three months; to forfeit $40.00 per month for three months and to be reduced to the grade of private.

24. Capt McNeill led our squadron of 13 ships to attack tactical targets three to six miles west of St Lo, France, in support of  the ground troops in that sector. The primary was attacked with good results. No enemy aircraft were encountered, the only flak being at the target and that was only moderate, causing no damage to our ships. They were flown by: Lts Herrington, Quinn, Rivett, McGregor, Davis, Bendall, Sunderland, Klare, Bailey, Scurlock, Guy, Morgan and Reseigh. This was the largest number of crews yet sent by the squadron for a mission.

25. Again St Lo was the target, with Capt McNeill up front once more. Flak was meagre over the target and no opposition from enemy aircraft. Once more there were 13 of our ships taking part: Lts Quinn, Morgan, Klare, Sutherlin, Sunderland, Rivett, Bendall, McGregor, Devenish, Bailey, Reseigh and Scurlock.

Today was gas alert day. All men carry gas masks from 08.00 to 17.30 hrs. It is worn on the face between 09.00 and 09.30 hrs. Ann announcement was made over the tannoy to familiarize all personnel with gas symbols.

26. The mission scheduled for Berlin today was scrubbed.

Two new crews were assigned today: Lts Frederick Miller, John V. O'Connor, Stanley Wirt, Pearlman Perry; Sgts George Varnum, Robert Henthorn, Gerald Cook, Edward Kausak, Michael Medzic, Rudolph Roderick.

F/Os Everett Worrell, Alex Strohmayer, Everett Fabry, Joseph Schmitz; Sgts Galen Predmore, George Wulff, Donald Braun, Raymond Pennington, Charles Steigmeyer, Leo Wieglow.

[11/18/2002: Everett notes that Schmitz was actually a Lt and Wulff was a S/Sgt]

27. The mission planned today for Munich was scrubbed.

All enlisted men received a Venereal Disease and an Article of War lecture at the station theatre. Lt Cupernall's crew went to a rest home.

28. The squadron was led by Capt Moore and Lt Sluyter, helped to form the low group in the formation of  the 1st  "B" Combat Wing. We furnished ten ships, to attack the synthetic oil plant at Merseburg, Germany, bombing by PFF method, results being unobserved due to 10/10th overcast. No enemy aircraft were encountered although flak was moderate to intense over the target. Our pilots were: Lts Bendall, Devenish, McGregor, Morgan, Quinn, Klare, Sutherlin and Reseigh and Parkman (535th).    

S/Sgt Edward P. Limbeck and Sgts Neil, Thomas, Crozer and Larson were interviewed by a reporter from Nebraska. The correspondent was visiting the base and interviewed men from his home state.

29. The target for today was the same as yesterday, Merseburg. Lt Col Fitzgerald led the 1st "B" Combat Wing, bombing again using PFF method. Breaks in the cloud were encoutered over the target area. Flak was intense but inaccurate, however no enemy aircraft opposition was met. Our pilots were: Lts Sluyter, Quinn, Klare, Reseigh, Davis, Devenish,  Guy and Morgan, while Capt McNeill and Lt Bryce were deputy lead.

The regular Saturday morning inspection of the sites was held.

30. Non operational. There was a large attendance at all our services. Lately the attendance has increased tremendously, especially  in the numbers of combat crewmen.

31. The target today was the motor factory seven miles north west of Munich. Bombing was done visually but smoke and clouds prevented results being observed. No enemy aircraft were encountered but accurate  flak was moderate to intense in the target area. Participating: Lts Morgan, Devenish, Quinn, Reseigh, Bailey, Rivett, Davis, Guy, Sutherlin and Webb.


The combat crew personnel and ground personnel's payroll, including flying pay amounted to over $20,000 while the non combat personnel's payroll was about $15,000.

The strength of the squadron was 108 officers and  463  enlisted men.

The following is a list of awards presented to the combat personnel: 12 Distinguished Flying Crosses to: 1st Lt William H. Beardon, 2nd Lt Palmer Bradner, 2nd Lt George W. Conly, Lt Col John E. Fitzgerald (for superb achievement as commanding officer); 2nd Lt Harold C. Jennings, 2nd Lt Robert T. Martin, 2nd Lt David Schwartz, 2nd Lt James W. Sneed Jr, S/Sgt Wallace D. Anderson, S/Sgt Marshall R. Blom, T/Sgt Hessle B. Buck, S/Sgt John T. Cunningham, T/Sgt Vancle E. Dykes, Sgt Albert F. McGlinsey, S/Sgt Albert B. Shank.

Purple Hearts went to:  1st Lt Henry B. Matty, S/Sgt Daniel F. Flicek; there were also 71 Air Medals and 108 Oak Leaf Clusters. 


 

August 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

AUGUST 1944

1. The target for today was to attack the Melun/Villaroche airfield, five miles north of Melun, France. Led by Capt Moore in the low group 1st "B" Combat Bomb Wing, we furnished nine ships. The primary was not attacked due to 8/10th cloud cover, but a target of opportunity, the Etampes/Wondesare airfield was hit. No enemy air opposition was encountered, while flak was meagre to moderate. Those taking part were: Lts Bailey, Bendall, Sunderland, Nashold, Devenish, Klare, Reseigh and Copeland.

All the men that did not get paid as of the last day of the previous month were paid out today.

Another new crew were assigned: 2nd Lts Raymond LaPierre, Robert Armstrong, Ernest White, Gerald Maudlin; Sgts Harold Pendleton, Keith Jensen, Bernard Poorsher, William Coombs, John Hansen, Herbert Kuhfuss.

2. Today we were to attack  the largest synthetic oil plant in France, situated at Harnes, but the mission was cancelled.

We received information on the Victory War Bond Drive for the 8th Air Force. The squadron goal is $22,000 in face value bonds. The contest will run from 29 July to 2 September. The prizes will be awarded as follows: 1st - A transatlantic phone call to the US; 2nd - A radio broadcast to be beamed to more that 120 stations of the mutual broadcasting company; 3rd - Dinner with Bebe Daniels  in London.

Lt Miller's and F/O Worrells's crews were given an indoctrination lecture  of one hour this afternoon.

3. Led by Capt McNeill nine of our ships took off to attack the marshalling yards at Mulhouse, France, close to the Swiss border, where bombing results were unobserved.  We flew in the high group in the 1st "B" Combat Wing, no enemy air opposition was met and flak was meagre to moderate and inaccurate except in the Antwerp area, where flak was intense and accurate. Those who participated were: Capt McNeill and Lt Bryce, and Lts McGregor, Webb, Nashold, Rivett, Quinn, Bailey, Bendall and Berkley (533rd).

Lt DeSantis was a court member at a general court martial board today.

4. Bombing visually in clear weather over the target today, we bombed the experimental establishment at Peenemunde, on the Baltic Coast of Germany. burst were seen to hit in the target area with results reported as excellent. No aircraft were seen, but flak was moderate to intense. Capt Winter was up front with Col Leber, while Capt Moore and Lt Cupernall were deputy lead. Others taking part were: Lts Durbin, Webb, Quinn, Klare, Nashold, Rivett and Devenish.

Capt Moore and crew were forced to abandon ship shortly after take-off. The airplane caught fire while flying near the field and Capt Moore ordered all to abandon ship. He checked to see if all had left the plane then bailed out himself. Capt Francis Hawkins, the group photographic officer, was among the crew who bailed out with the others. However S/Sgt Harold Norris, tail gunner, failed to bail out and was killed when the ship exploded, hitting farm land in the village of Shalford, a few miles from base.

5. The mission for today was to attack the underground oil storage at Nieburg, Germany. The target was attacked visually with excellent results. No air opposition was met although flak was meagre and inaccurate. The nine pilots who took part were: Lts Bailey, Morgan, Bendall, Guy, Copeland, Sutherlin, Nashold, Devenish and Rivett.

1st Lt Baxter was hit on the shin bone by a piece of flak and hospitalized.

The regular Saturday morning inspection of all sites found the condition generally satisfactory.

6. The air armaments factory at Brandenburg was attacked visually with excellent results. Enemy aircraft were seen but there were no attacks on this formation. Flak was moderate and accurate in the target area. The pilots participating were: Capt McNeill and Lt McGregor led the low group of the 1st "B" Combat Bomb Wing, the others being: Lts Durbin, Nashold, Bendall, Sutherlin, Worrell and Webb, who is missing in action on #6020.

Webb's ship was hit by AA fire, he reported that one engine was lost, and were having trouble with another, requesting that fighters be contacted for support. It was last seen under control and that the crew might have landed in Sweden.

MIA crew: 1st Lt Allen W. Webb; 2nd Lts  John W. Hayes, Earl S.   Grossnickle, George  Gomez; S/Sgts Ralph K. Murkin, Lendon L. Grisham, William C. Burt, Adolph M. Gonzales, Jack S. Patrick.

Four officers from the squadron went to the 121st Station Hospital at Braintree to visit the sick and wounded. The piece of flak that broke Lt Baxter's shinbone, meant he had a cast from his toes to above his knee. Lt Young had a cast on his leg because of a broken ankle, suffered when bailing out on 4 August. The other men in this hospital were there for ailments other than battle casualties. Capt Moore, Lts Cupernall, Hadley and S/Sgt Yankten were hospitalized at the base hospital to recuperate from the effects of bailing on 4 August.

7. Lt Herrington and Lt McGregor led the squadron today to attack a fuel depot at Bourren-Marlot, France, some 40 miles south of Paris. Hits were seen in the target area, while no enemy air opposition was encountered and flak was moderate. Other pilots were: Lts Worrell, Bailey, Sunderland, Reseigh, Miller, Devenish, Durbin and Copeland, all of whom returned safely.

8. The mission for today was in direct support of the ground troops in France. The area around Cauvincourt about 10 miles from Caen on the coast, was attacked with good results. AA fire was intense and extremely accurate as the bombing was done from 12-14,000 ft. Taking part were: Lts Reseigh, Rivett, Worrell, Copeland, Miller, Davis, Bailey and Morgan.

All personnel carried their gas masks  from 08.00 to 17.30 hrs today and wore  them from 09.00 to 09.30 hrs.

9. The briefed target  Munich, was not attacked due to bad weather, however Saarbrucken was bombed with excellent results. Due to severe battle damage to our planes on yesterday's raid only five aircraft flew today: Lts Sutherlin, Miller, Sunderland, Bendall and Reseigh.

11. The mission for today was to attack a coastal battery protecting the harbour at Brest. Our squadron was led by Capt McNeill leading the 1st "C" Combat Bomb Wing, and strike photos showed a concentration on the MPI. We encountered no flak or air opposition and all ships returned safely. Participating were: Lts Nashold, Bailey, Sutherlin, Devenish, Bendall, Davis, Reseigh and Quinn.

There was a meeting of the Supply Officers and Supply Sgts at Group S-4 to decide what each unit needed to be ready to move at 48 hrs notice.

12. The unit had a showdown inspection of all the listed men to determine what they were short of in equipment. The job took the whole day with the assistance of Capt DeSantis, Lts Kelley, Bannon, Husted, Maloney, Bryson, Emmert and Markert.

13. Today we bombed tactical targets in Rouen, France, with good results. Moderate to meagre flak was encountered by no enemy air opposition. Capt McNeill led the low group in the 1st  "C" Combat Bomb Wing, with: Lts Morgan, Copeland, Reseigh, Rivett, Quinn, Nashold, Durbin, Bendall and Bailey.

14. The target designated for today was the Metz/Frescaty airfield, three miles from Metz, France. Bombing results were reported as excellent, there was no flak or air opposition. The squadron was led by Lt Herrington, along with: Lts McGregor, Reseigh, Sunderland, Nashold, Copeland, La Pierre, Scurlock, Bendall and Quinn.

15. Today we went to the Ostheim airfield near Cologne. Bombing results were excellent and strike photos showed a good concentration of hits on the assigned MPI. No enemy air opposition was encountered although flak was moderate to intense in the target area. Taking part were: Lts Scurlock, Bailey, La Pierre, Davis, Nashold, Reseigh, Quinn, Klare, Bendall and Copeland.

Finished showdown inspection of equipment of all men that were not present yesterday. The ground men had a few shortages, while combat men were short of several items of equipment chiefly because it wasn't issued to them prior to coming overseas.

16. The target for today was the airfield at Halle, Germany, the "B" Combat Bomb Wing was led by Lt Col Fitzgerald. Bombing reports were excellent, no enemy aircraft were met although flak was moderate to meagre at the IP. The pilots who participated were: Lts Sluyter, Morgan, Reseigh, Sunderland, Nashold, Devenish, Klare, Worrell and Miller.

17. Non operational. Lt Guy's crew returned from the rest home. S/Sgt Formby was taken sick while at the rest home and was hospitalized. The report from the hospital stated he had old malaria an anemia.  S/Sgt Formby  spent some time with the 19th Bomb Group in the Pacific Theater before joining this unit.

18. Non operational. Usual camp details.

19. Non operational. Usual Saturday morning inspection, the latrines in Site 1 are being painted white and green.

20. Non operational. The men are reporting to the hospital to donate a pint of blood.

21. Non operational. Commitments are being taken for the purchase of war bonds on the 31st of the month. $1,500 worth of bonds have been sold in this manner.

22. Non operational. Received word that this squadron is authorized 24 combat crews. All combat men over and above a total of 240 are to be  transferred to an Replacement Crew Depot.

23. The mission scheduled for Russelsheim, Germany was scrubbed. An additional $1500  worth of bonds were sold through commitments to raise the total for the squadron  to $10,500.

24. The mission for today was to bomb an armaments factory at Weimar, Germany. Bombing visually, the results were reported as excellent, with no air opposition encountered. There was moderate to meagre flak of accurate to continuous, following fire encountered from Naumburg to Weimar. The nine pilots who took part were: Lts Devenish, Quinn, Bailey, Worrell, Guy, Durbin, Herrington, Copeland and Miller.

Two new combat crews were assigned, and joined the squadron at 17.00 hrs: Lts William F. Seeley, Erwin H. Gehret, Leo Vigars, Conan D. Cash; Sgts James Fenns, John M. Chahomin, Roy T. Fees, Bennie Iverson, Wallace C. McClair, Edmund E. Palko.

Lts Victor G. Lazar, Garland A. Weynand, Herbert J. Winter, Dean D. Sant; Cpls Rafael C. Larson, Cleo Weist, John J. Fitzpatrick, Karl B. Hornbaugh, Ernest W. Matlock, Robert M. Turgeon.

25. The airfield at Nuebrandenburg was today's target, as nine ships of our squadron led by Capt McNeill  took off at 09.00 hrs. Bombing results were reported as good. No opposition was met, but flak was accurate and continuously pointed. Our other pilots were: Lts Morgan, La Pierre, Devenish, Worrell, Miller, Sunderland, Copeland, Nashold and Scurlock. 

26. The regular Saturday morning took place at all sites. Those EM that did not pass the inspection were to be on detail for the squadron party.

One of the three largest synthetic oil plants in Germany was today's target, situated at Gelsenkirchen, but bombing results were unobserved.  The only flak observed was over the target and described as intense and inaccurate. Our pilots were: Lts Davis, Nashold, Bailey, La Pierre, Worrell, Miller, Reseigh, Scurlock, Quinn and Durbin.

27. Col Fitzgerald led the Wing today in which nine of our ships took part. The briefed target was the bomber aircraft assembly factory at Schoenfeld, ten miles southeast of Berlin. Because of bad weather, a target of opportunity was hit, Emden, with very good results, plastering the docks and marshalling yards. No air opposition was encountered, although flak was moderate to intense over the target. Taking part were Col Fitzgeral and Lt Sluyter in the lead ship with: Lts Quinn, Bendall, La Pierre, Davis, Devenish, Bailey, Sunderland and Morgan. 

Lt Maloney is in charge of decorating and getting the station theater ready for the squadron party this date. All available personnel assisted in this detailed work. The cooks prepared sandwiches, cakes and cookies. There were 12 full barrels of beer, 15 cases of Coca Cola and 50 gallons of ice cream. We had two cases of oranges which were enjoyed very much by the lady guests. The refreshments were all gone by 23.00 hrs.

The station band supplied the music and did an excellent job of furnishing entertainment. Cpl George Frame and S/Sgt Harvey Reeves shared the vocal honors with the band  while S/Sgt Fett played trumpet. It is a 12 piece band under the manager-ship of  Capt Silva. Col Leber, Lt Cols Hall and Reed, Majors Greenlee and Wilcox, all from Group HQ attended the party as well as all squadron commanders. The party was a big success as there were quite a few members of other squadrons present that were not invited. S/Sgt David arranged for the girls to be present among the 300 that attended.  Lt Emmert took care of the transportation and did an excellent job of co-ordinating the vehicles. Lt Durbin played the base fiddle with the orchestra towards the end of the evening. At about 23.45 hrs the orchestra played the last set of dances and all left shortly afterwards.

28. Non operational. 1st Sgt  Gosma  placed in charge of the detail to clear the station theater and returned all the borrowed equipment.

29. Non operational. War Bond drive still in progress and additional commitments have been received. It is gas mask day.

30. The naval establishment at Kiel, Germany, was the target for today. Bombing was done by PFF and results unobserved. Moderate and inaccurate flak was encountered at the target. Our pilots were: Lts Copeland, Klare, Miller, Durbin and Sunderland, who all returned safely.

31. Non operational. It was pay day for all enlisted men. A special War Bond table was set up and Lts Kelley, Emmert and Machinis were in charge of same. They collected £1,100 for the purchase of War Bonds.


During the month 17 officers exchanged old bars for new. 2nd Lts Grazul, Kleinwechter, Morgan, Quinn, Reseigh, Richmond, Weston, Bromander, Dewhurst, Roberts, Bailey A.W.,  Bendall,  Devenish, Weidenbach and Lewis were promoted to 1st Lt.

F/Os Van Leeuwen and Sherman were promoted to 2nd Lt.

The strength of the squadron stands at 483 enlisted men and 118 officers.

The following is a list of combat crew members and awards they received for participating in combat missions:- two Distinguished Flying Crosses went to: 2nd Lt Leonard L. Loper, S/Sgt Earl T. Yankten; three Purple Hearts went to: 2nd Lt Caleb C. Baxter, 2nd Lt Raymond L. LaPierre, S/Sgt John A. Dufek, while 48 Air medals and 49 Oak Leaf Clusters were presented.


 

September 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

SEPTEMBER 1944

1. Ten ships of our squadron were dispatched to attack Ludwigshafen today.  After reaching a point (4841N x 0121E) at 10.30am the group was recalled by Wing Division Leader Col Hunter because of bad weather. This did not count as a mission.

As per SO 200, the following combat crew were assigned: F/O Leo Belskis, 2nd Lts Glenn C. Vaughan, James V. Collett, Ross W. Perrin Jr; Sgts Lynn J. Laurette Jr; Cpls Elvis A. McCoy, Edward M. Cole, Robert F. Rogers, Walter R. Newman, Durward V. Suggs.

The War Bond Drive continues with another £400 collected.

2. Non operational.  The War Bond Drive ended with a total amount of War Bonds sold for cash amounting to $15,625.00, the allotments amounted to $4,025.00.

3. The target for today was the synthetic oil refinery at Ludwigshafen. Bombing was by PFF through 10/10th clouds and results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft opposition was encountered, although flak was moderate to intense and fairly accurate at the target. Taking part were: Lts Bendall, Miller, Worrell, Reseigh, Klare, Reed, Rivett and Copeland.

With the aid of the 881st Chemical Company and the 2965th Finance Detachment, Team "A" went above its goal by about $4,000.000.

4. Non operational. A total of 44 officers and EM were transferred to the 12th RCD in order to bring our total combat strength down to 230. This squadron is now authorized 23 combat crews with a staff of four officers.

5. Non operational. It was gas mask day. Thirteen additional combat men were clearing the base in preparation for leaving for the 8th RCD tomorrow.

6. Two mission were scheduled for today, to Bremen and Genshagen, near Berlin, but both were scrubbed.

7. Non operational. Another new crew was assigned: 2nd Lts Wofford E. Marshall Jr, Richard W. Dunham, Earl C. Smith, Eino M. Sipila; Pvt Casimir P. Pikur; Cpls Burr C. Brock Jr, Howard J. Pearson, Robert N. Edgerly, James M. Miller and John Yacovelli.

8. Nine of our aircraft took off this morning led by Capt McNeill,  leading the low group of the 1st "C" Combat Bomb Wing. The target was again the oil plant at Ludwigshafen. Bombing was unobserved due to cloud and dense smoke. Flak was moderate but fairly accurate in the target area, but no enemy air opposition was met. Taking part were: Capt McNeill and Lt Bryce, with: Lts Reseigh, Reed, Scurlock, Worrell, Lazar, Davis, Bailey and Seeley.

F/O Belski's crew was given an indoctrination lecture at 10.30 hrs.

9. The first mission scheduled for today was Baden-Baden, Germany, however this was cancelled, and Lt Col Fitzgerald led the 1st "B" CBW to hit Ludwigshafen again. This squadron sent 12 aircraft to make up the lead group. Bombing was done by PFF on Mannheim with unobserved results. Flak was moderate to intense over the target, but no aircraft were met. Taking part were: Lts Sluyter (with Col Fitzgerald), Bendall, Klare, Nashold, Bailey, Davis, Guy, Lazar, Quinn, Rivett, Seeley and F/O Worrell.

10. The target bombed today was the M.T. and Deisel Lorry Works of Daimler Benz at Gaggenau, Germany. Bombing was done visually and results reported as excellent. Flak was moderate to intense, The six crews taking part were: Lts Reed, Devenish, Scurlock, Davis, Lazar and Bendall.

Pvt Charles Kearley of this squadron was married to Miss Dorothy M. Mason at Halstead, Essex today, about eight miles away.

11. Today we bombed the Synthetic Oil Refinery at Merseburg, and bursts were seen in the target area. Flak was moderate, enemy aircraft were seen but no attacks made on our formation. The nine pilots taking part were: Capt Herrington with Lt McGregor; Lts Miller, Nashold, Rivett, Copeland, Devenish, Lang, Durbin and F/O Belskis.

12. Nine ships of our squadron took off to attack another oil plant, this time at Brux, Czechoslovakia. Because the primary was obscured, this squadron, led by Lt Bryce bombed a last resort target at Plauen, Germany. Enemy opposition was encountered, but only one pass was made on our formation. The nine pilots were: Lts Reseigh, Copeland, Rivett, Bendall, Bailey, Klare, Davis, Miller and Morgan.

13. Non operational. Ground personnel signed the September payroll this date. Sgts Jones, Kaplan and Phelps returned to this unit as escaped POWs.

14. The mission scheduled for today was Genshagen,  near Berlin, but it was cancelled. The usual camp details were performed. Broken windows were replaced on all sites.

15. Non operational. Sgt Jones, Kaplan and Phelps received their pay in full from the time they were missing in action, to 31 August. It included flying pay and base pay for the entire period of absence.

16. The mission scheduled for today, to Eindhoven, Holland was scrubbed. The regular Saturday morning inspection was carried out.

17. Today we attacked a concentration of enemy tanks and gun emplacements at Eindhoven, with good to excellent results. The lead group 1st "B" CBW was led by Capt McNeill who flew with Lt Sluyter, the others being: Lts Devenish, Quinn, Nashold, Seeley, McGregor, Lazar, Copeland, Miller and F/O Worrell. This mission was made in connection with the paratroop landings in Holland.

One of our crews was sent on a secret mission over the landing area with the Commanding General of the 1st Airborne Division.

18. Non operational. Approximately 60% of the unit attended the movie "The Battle of China", which all personnel were ordered to see.

19. Eleven squadron ships flew the mission today to attack the marshalling yards at Hamm, but results were unobserved due to heavy cloud coverage. Moderate, accurate tracking flak was encountered in the target area but no enemy aircraft. Those pilots who flew today were: Lts Rivett, Bailey, Belskis, Klare, Worrell, Nashold, Copeland, Quinn, Miller, Seeley and Rolin (533rd).

An inspection was made of all mess equipment, the general condition of utensils was satisfactory.

20. The mission planned for Kassel was scrubbed. Lt Donald Wilson returned from France after he had previously been reported as missing in action.

21. The target attacked today was the industrial center of Mainz, Germany. Results of the bombing were unobserved. No enemy aircraft were encountered and the flak in the target area was reported as meagre to moderate and inaccurate. Today's pilots were: Lts Bailey, Worrell, Lazar, Durbin, Guy, Sunderland, Nashold, Seeley and Belskis.

22. Today's target was Kassel, and yet again the bombing was by PFF, this results were unobserved. There was meagre, inaccurate flak at the target area. Participating were: Lts Klare, Scurlock, Bendall, Copeland, Bryce, Seeley, Devenish, Lazar and belskis.

23. Non operational. The usual Saturday morning inspection was satisfactory.

24. Non operational. The regular monthly party was held in the officers' club today. Due to bad weather the club was quite crowded but everyone seemed to have an enjoyable evening.

25. Today's target was the marshalling yards at Frankfurt which is one of the most important traffic enters in Germany. Bombing was done by PFF and results were unobserved. Lt Col Fitzgerald and Lt Klinksiek led the lead group of the 1st "C" Combat Bomb Wing. Others were: Lts Miller, Worrell, Rivett, Reseigh, Devenish, Reed, Belskis and Bendall.

26. Osnabruck was the target attacked today. The lead squadron had good coverage on their MPI, but the low and high squadrons' MPI's were obscured by smoke. Meagre to moderate flak was encountered but no enemy fighters. The pilots who flew today were: Lts Lazar, Devenish, Bailey, Reseigh, Warrell, Davis, Reed, Quinn, Seeley and Belskis.

The regularly quarterly gas mask check was held today, but due to the mission the attendance at the gas chamber was very small.

27. Cologne in the heart of the Ruhr was the object of today's operation, but due to 8/10th cloud coverage prevented the results of the bombing to be observed. Flak was generally meagre and inaccurate from the IP to the target. The pilots were: Lts Seeley, Lazar, Nashold, Rivett, Marshall, Quinn, Reseigh, Morgan and Worrell.

As per SO 219 the following new crew was assigned: 2nd  Lt Kyle S. Smith, 2nd Lt Donald F. McGurk, F/O Melvin A. LaLuzerne, 2nd Lt James J. Brady; Sgt Robert K. Porter; Cpls Thomas Arnond, Lester F. Colson, Gustavo E. Contreras, Myron A. Fairbanks and Francis R. DeLange.

28. Today nine of the squadron's aircraft piloted by: Lts Marshall, Nashold, Guy, Bendall, Reed, Devenish, Davis, Bailey and Belskis attacked Magdeburg. Results were unobserved.

29. Non operational. A new part crew assigned: Lt William Schwartner; Sgts Lowell Chase, Harry Coell, Neil Dickson, Earl Roberts.

30. Non operational. The enlisted men were paid by Capt DeSantis.


The following officers were promoted: 1st Lts Kelley, Sluyter, and Herrington to Captain. 2nd Lts Rautio, Smith, Copeland, Heinrich, Hill, Smolen, Stewart and Mousseau to 1st Lt.  F/Os Boyd, Faby, Worrell, Strohmayer to 2nd  Lt.

The strength of the squadron is 113 officers and 445 enlisted men.

During the month many awards were presented to the combat crew personnel.

Distinguished Flying Cross to: 2nd Lts Benjamin W. Ploch, Eugene H.  Bragg, S/Sgts: John E. Hubbard;  Sgts Erling A. Anderson, Earl W. Berneking, Albert P. Lang.  2nd Lt Maury Hill received the Purple Heart. There were 38 Air Medals and 109 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

October 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

OCTOBER 1944

1. Non operational.

2. The mission for today was to Kassel, where bombing was done by instruments and results were unobserved. Flak was moderate but fairly accurate, while no enemy air opposition was met. Capt Neill, with Lt Klinkseik led the "A" Group of the 1st CBW. Those taking part were: Lts Morgan, Nashold, Davis, Bailey, Copeland, Schomburg, Lazar, and Belskis.

3. Non operational. Today is Stragglers Day for all men that haven't been through the gas chamber to check their gas masks.

4. The mission today was Cologne but it was scrubbed.  Therefore Lt Col Fitzgerald gave a talk on military courtesy and discipline to all combat men in the squadron operation office.

Orders were received today that 2nd Miller was promoted to 1st Lt.

5. The mission flown today was Cologne, where bombing was done by PFF and results were unobserved through 10/10th cloud coverage. Flak was moderate and no air opposition met. Ten ships of our squadron took off, the pilots: Sunderland, Nashold, Worrell, Durbin, Copeland, Bendall, Lazar, Quinn, Marshall and Belskis.

A check of combat men's barracks was made to pick up and turn in all cups belonging to the mess hall and for unauthorized flying equipment in their possession.

6.  A power plant at Stralsund, Germany was the target for today. Bombing was visual and the lead crews reported results as being good. Flak was moderate and accurate, while no fighters were met. Taking part were: Lts Morgan and Mousseau in the lead ship of the high squadron, with Worrell, Nashold, Sunderland, Copeland, Devenish, Durbin, Lazar and Belskis.

Capt DeSantis and Lt Dineen were on general courts martial duty today.

7. Nine of our aircraft took off today to bomb the depot at Zwickau, Germany, where a good bombing pattern was observed. Four enemy aircraft were encountered but no damage to our ships resulted. Flak was encountered at various places along the route, which was moderate and accurate. The pilots were: Lts Boyce, Marshall, Worrell, Schomburg, Seeley, Bendall, Reed, Belskis and Devenish.

The regular Saturday morning inspection of all areas took place.

8. The mission to Brux, Czechoslovakia was scrubbed. Lt Nashold promoted 1st Lt.

A British Variety Show, including radio's Tommy Trinder, Adelaide Hall and a supporting cast performed, was given at #2 hangar (Yeldham side of field) for all men and wounded from nearby hospitals. It was enjoyed by all.

9. Capt McNeill and Lt Guy led the "C" Group 1st CBW to bomb Schweinfurt today, but due to 10/10th cloud coverage bombing was done by PFF and results were unobserved and no aircraft were encountered. Flak  was meagre and inaccurate. Our pilots were: Lts Miller, Nashold, Schomburg, Bendall, Marshall, Reed, Seeley and Copeland.

2nd Lt Judson Doyle returned to the base today after being MIA since a raid over Frankfurt weeks ago.

An inspection of all sites, the squadron mail, orderly and supply rooms by the base administrative inspector, Major Morton Joyce. Sites 1 and 6 were found in good condition, but site 2 needed policing plus more attention by both officers and orderlies in the barracks.

10. The mission scheduled for Bremen today, was scrubbed.

A check was made of gas masks of those men who previously did not go through the gas chamber.

11. Non operational. An indoctrination lecture was given to the officers on Lt Smith's crew.

12. The mission to attack Cologne today was scrubbed before take-off. The supplemental payroll for the month of September was received and paid.

13. Again the mission to Cologne was scrubbed.

14. Ten of this squadron took off to bomb Cologne. Bombing was done by PFF method and results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft were encountered, and flak was moderate and accurate. Taking part were: Lts Sunderland, Worrell, Devenish, Durbin, Belskis, Copeland, Marshall, Schomburg,  Bailey and Reseigh.

In this mission Lt Reseigh was seriously wounded, Lt Rautio and T/Sgt Nushy slightly wounded.  They returned after having #3 and #4 engines shot out on the bomb run.  Lt Rautio and T/Sgt Nushy  piloted the ship home from the target while F/O Winicki navigated home on pilot's compass as all navigation equipment was out of commission.

The regular Saturday morning inspection of all sites took place. General condition was satisfactory with a great deal of improvement shown on all sites.

15. The target was again Cologne for today. This time the marshalling yards in the SW edge of the city was the target. Bombing was again by PFF and results unobserved. Enemy aircraft opposition was nil although flak was encountered in the target area. Our pilots were: Lts Guy, Miller, Devenish, Sunderland, Belskis, Copeland, Durbin, Nashold, Marshall and Worrell.

16. Non operational.

17. This unit led the low squadron in the "B" Group of the 1st  CBW, yet again with Cologne as the target, which was bombed by PFF method once and unknown results. Three ME 410s were sighted but no attacks were made on our formation. Flak was moderate and inaccurate. Our pilots were: Lts Morgan and Miller in the lead, Copeland, Worrell, Davis, Nashold, Belskis, Schomburg, Marshall and Lazar.

18. Mission planned for Kassel, was scrubbed. Usual camp details.

19. Today the group's target was an oil depot at Ludwigshafen, but due to 9/10th cloud  coverage Mannheim was bombed by PFF with results unobserved. Flak was meagre and generally inaccurate, while no aircraft were encountered. Our pilots were led by Capt McNeill and Lt Klinkseik, along with: Lts Devenish, Schomburg, Lazar, Marshall, Quinn, Smith, O'Connor and Schwartner.

20. Non operational. Usual camp duties performed.

21. Non operational. There was the regular Saturday morning inspection of all sites, and a general improvement was noticed of all barracks.

22. Non operational. F/O Paul V. Griffin assigned as Squadron Supply Officer.

23. Non operational. F/O Belskis promoted to 2nd Lt. A consignment of linoleum was received and is being laid in the barracks.

24. The mission planned for today to Ludwigshafen again, was scrubbed. F/O Perry commissioned as 2nd Lt. All men in the squadron went through the gas chamber today for check up.

25. Bombs were dropped on Hamburg today by PFF with results unobserved. Flak was moderate to intense over the target, but no fighter opposition was met. Today's pilots were: Lts Sunderland, Worrell, O'Connor, Durbin, Marshall, Copeland, Lazar, Quinn, Smith and Schwartner.

Lts Morgan's and Devenish's crews went to the rest home today.

26. The target for today was Munster, Germany, but 10/10th cloud prevented observation of bombing results. Flak was meagre and inaccurate and no enemy opposition was met. Today's participants were led by Lts O'Connor and Miller, with: Lts Copeland, Worrell, Davis, Lazar, Bailey, Quinn, Schwartner and Belskis.

27. The mission for Mannheim today was scrubbed. Another new crew was assigned: 2nd Lts Lloyd T. Adamason, Archie E. Baden, Warren Whiting; Cpls Alfred J. Berman, Cedric D. Cowell, John J. Murphy Jr, Morris Brody, Luther M. Dennis, Floyd A. Orr.

Major Morton Joyce made a check of all barracks on Site #1 to locate equipment or food that should be in the mess halls. Some was found and returned to the consolidated mess hall.

28. The transportation center of Munster was the target for today. Bombing was done by PFF, crews reporting bombs hitting the city although haze prevented detailed observations. Moderate but very accurate AA fire was encountered in the target area. No enemy aircraft were met. Taking part were: Lts Bryce and Seeley, Bendall, Bailey, Davis, Belskis, Wood, Lazar, Marshall and Nashold, the latter landing in Brussels.

The regular Saturday morning inspection of all sites took place. The barracks on Site #1 showed a great improvement since the linoleum was laid on the floors.

29. Non operational.

30. The primary target of today's operation was the synthetic oil plant at Gelsenkirchen. Cloud cover prevented bombing visually and therefore bombs were dropped by PFF method. No enemy aircraft were encountered and flak was meagre and inaccurate. The pilots on this mission were led by Capt McNeill and Lt Klinkseik in the lead ship of the "B" Group of the 1st CBW, the others being: Lts Worrell, Seeley, Rautio, Copeland, Bailey, Quinn, Lazar and Belskis.

31. Non operational. Lt Nashold and crew left for rest home.


The strength of the squadron was 109 officers and 427 enlisted men.

The month's awards included an Oak Leaf Cluster to the DFC for Lt Col Fitzgerald for superb leadership on the Emden mission of 27 August. Other DFCs went to: 2nd Lt Arthur W. Bailey, 1st Lt Warren C. Davis, 2nd Lt Robert W. Devenish, 2nd Lt Edward B. Grazul, 1st Lt Russell J. Hadley, 2nd Lt Frank F. Kleinwechter Jr, 2nd Lt David R. Rautio, 2nd Lt James C. Schomburg, 2nd Lt Stanley L. Smolen, 2nd Lt William E. Stewart, 2nd Lt Lloyd E. Sunderland, S/Sgt Fred D. Bare, S/Sgt Otto W. Baumann, Sgt Harry L. Brown, Sgt Thomas H. Cavanaugh, Sgt John A, Culp, S/Sgt Herbert J. Dubberstein, S/Sgt Eugene F. Gay, S/Sgt James E. Lane, Cpl Arthur E. Nolte, Cpl Richard L. Snyder, Sgt Charles Valine.

Purple Hearts went to: 2nd Lt David R. Rautio, 2nd Lt Charles W. Reseigh, S/Sgt John M. Nushy, Sgt Alex Pine; there were 10 Air Medals and 94 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

November 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group  (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted Lt. G.T. Kelley

NOVEMBER 1944

1. Non Operational. Captain Earl M. Crawford appointed Station Signal Supply Officer to his other duties.

2. Non Operational.

3. The target for today was to be the oil refinery south of Hamburg, but was scrubbed.

4. Today's mission was to attack Harburg, near Hamburg, the site of a large refinery. Bombing was by PFF, while enemy aircraft opposition was nil and flak was moderate, inaccurate, barrage type in the target area. Our ten pilots were: Lts Schomburg, Schwartner, Bendall, Quinn, Devenish, Lazar, Bailey, Smith, Armstrong and Belskis.

5. Today we attacked the marshalling yards at Frankfurt, so while there was 8/10th could coverage, bombing was by PFF with results unobserved. Flak was meagre to moderate and four of our ships suffered battle damage.  Leading the high squadron was Capt Herrington and Lt Miller, the others being: Lts Bendall, Lazar, Davis, Marshall, Rautio, Schomburg, Smith and Schwartner.

6. Target for today was again Hamburg, with bombing results good after a visual attack, despite moderate to intense accurate flak encountered in the target area. Those who participated were, leading: Capt Herrington and Lt Morgan, with: Lts Devenish, Belskis, Sunderland O'Connor, Marshall, Bailey, Schwartner and Smith.

7. Non operational.

8. Non operational.

9. Today the mission was in direct support of the ground troops in the Metz area, the target being gun emplacements. The "A" Group of the 1st CBW was led by Col Fitzgerald and Lt Klinkseik, while deputy lead was  Capt Herrington and Lt Schomburg. Other pilots were: Lt Belskis, Sunderland, Rautio, Armstrong, Devenish, Smith and Schwartner.

1st Lt Gomez, T/Sgt Grisham, S/Sgt Burt and S/Sgt Gonzales are all reported as Prisoners of War.

10. Cologne was today's target which was bombed by instruments with results unobserved. AA fire was moderate and fairly accurate over the target but no enemy aircraft were encountered. Our pilots who took part were: Lts Schomburg, Nashold, Lazar, Devenish, Adamson, Bromander, Bailey, Armstrong, Schwartner and Rautio.

There was an accident on the perimeter track at 05.20 hrs today, when Cpls John J. Corley and Raymond Timm, were hit by a truck driven by Pfc Cawey (ordinance), unfortunately injuries to Corley proved fatal.

11. Non Operational. 2nd Lts Dvorak, Marshall, Seeley and  Stampe promoted 1st Lt.

12. Non Operational. 2nd Lt Brady and M/Sgt Bryan were assigned to a tour of duty with the 15th Air Force.

13. Non Operational. 2nd Lts Ausmus, Boyd, Boyle, Dawson, Ginn, Hilton, Lazar, Sherman, Strohmayer, Van Leeuwen and Fabry promoted to 1st Lt.

14. Non Operational. Today is Gas Alert Day. All men to carry their gas masks from 08.00 hrs to 17.30 hrs.

15. Non Operational.

16. The target for today was in direct support of the ground troops at Eschweiler, Germany, eight miles east of Aachen. The target was bombed visually with excellent results. Meagre accurate AA fire was encountered just after bombs away. The pilots who took part were: Lts Bryce and Seeley in the lead ship of the high squadron, with: Lts Lazar, Nashold, Davis, Adamson, Bendall, Bailey, Ausmus and Boyle.

2nd Lt Machinis was promoted to 1st Lt.

Sgt Howard D. Allshouse was married to Miss Peggy Elizabeth Stannard of #1 Foundry Place, Haverhill, Suffolk, at East Ham Registry Office today.

Two more new crews were assigned: 2nd Lts George C. Instone Jr, Wayne R. Hause, William Taplin Jr; Sgt Danford D. Gallagher; Cpls Jeremiah W. Conlon, Carl P. Wieting, Angier P. Jayner, Pfc Wayne K.  Kanes.

2nd  Lts James E. Smith, Charles F. Soper, F/O William A. Dernberger; Cpls Peter A. Duncan Jr, Bernard L. McCrudden, Donald T. Wilson, Ralph E. Campbell, Virgil L. Gray, Walter A. Streich.

17. Non Operational. 1st Lts Bryce, Klinkseik and Sunderland promoted Captain.

18. Non Operational.  The regular Saturday morning inspection took place. Lt Maloney inspected Site #1 with the 1st Sgt  reported the barracks in excellent condition. An inspection of all mess equipment and found to be clean. Capt DeSantis and the 1st Sgt  inspected Sites #2 and #6, the latter was in excellent condition but #2 was in bad shape.

19. Non Operational.

20. Non Operational.

21. The target for today was the synthetic oil plant at Merseburg. Bombing was done through 10/10th cloud by PFF and results were unobserved. The group also dropped incendiaries at Friedburg, Germany, on the built up area near the marshalling yards. No enemy aircraft were encountered, but flak was intense and accurate around Merseburg. Our pilots were: Lts Morgan and Mousseau in the lead ship of the low squadron, others: Lts Adamson, Rautio, Davis, Schwartner, Nashold, Hill, Tauro and Godwin.

22. Non Operational. A list of proposed changes in the organization was submitted to Group HQ. Each department must note up its own list of changes in the T/O which they thought they would need if the squadron was to operate in another theatre.

23. Non Operational.

24. Non Operational.

25. Today's mission was to attack Lutzkendorf's oil plant, close to Merseburg. Bombing was by PFF with results unobserved. Intense flak was encountered in the target area. Taking part were: Capts McNeill and Klinseik leading the 1st "B" group of the 1st CBW, along with: Lts Bendall, Hill, Davis, Armstrong, Smith, Nashold, Godwin and Adamson.

To ordnance and armament officers from all squadrons on the base gave a party for all enlisted men in their sections. It was held in the station theatre and was a big success. The squadron commanders and executive officers and group staff officers were invited. The men had a very good time, but had to work loading the planes for a mission scheduled for tomorrow.

26. Today the squadron attacked the railway viaduct at Altenbeken, Germany, bombing accomplished by GH equipment with results unobserved. About 40 to 60 FW 190s and Me 109s passed under our formation and attacked the group behind us but not our formation. The only flak encountered was meagre and inaccurate at Zwolle, Holland. Those who took part were: Lts Worrell, Bendall, Copeland, Adamson, Schwartner, Nashold, Godwin, Tauro, Hill and Smith, the latter missing in action.

MIA crew: Lts Kyle Smith, Donald McGurk, F/O Melvin  LaLuzerne; S/Sgt  Byron Wear, Sgts Leslie Colson, Robert Porter, Gustavo Contreras, Thomas Arnold andFrancis Lange.

27. Non Operational.

28. Non Operational.

29. Today we bombed the oil refinery at Misburg, near Hanover. Bombing was by instruments through 10/10th cloud and results unobserved. No enemy aircraft were seen and flak was meagre an inaccurate. Leading the high squadron were: Lts Morgan and Mousseau, with: Lts Bendall, Boyle, Sunderland, Adamson, Schwartner, Copeland, Tauro and Godwin.

Pay received for enlisted men. Combat men are paid at 19.00 hrs as they may go on a mission tomorrow, thus not delay turning back of the payrolls.

Three new crews were assigned: 2nd Lts Mack F. Hughes, Herbert Dodson Jr, Franklin H. Kreamer, Eugene L. Pauley; S/Sgt Davis A. Evans; Cpls Forrest H. Cobb Jr, Joseph A. McNeilly, Earl V. Black, George A. Lippi.

2nd Lts William H. Taylor, Merwin B. Vining, Rowley F. Blakeney; 1st Lt Robert Hosmer; Sgt Daniel H. Isaac; Cpls Joseph E. Brochiero III, Charles E. Curtin, Joseph P. Isca, Henry S. Moody Jr.

2nd Lts Roger A. Rusch, Bruce A. Demers, Edward L. Sobel, 1st Lt Robert G. Sullivan; Cpls Francis T. Chambers, Charles P. Dias, Theodore N. Jones, Edward J. Denue, Leon A. Farrar.

30. Nine of this squadron took off this morning to attack Zeitz, Germany, where crews reported hits in the population areas, also fires burning there. No enemy aircraft were met but flak was intense and accurate in the target area. Taking part were Capt Bryce and Lt Marshall in the lead of the low squadron, and: Lts Bendall, Armstrong, Worrell, Adamson, Schwartner, Nashold. Godwin and Tauro.


The strength of the squadron is 123 officers and 432 enlisted men.

The following is a list of awards to combat personnel this month: four Distinguished Flying Crosses to: Sgt Max A. Bair, S/Sgt Thomas Comish Jr, S/Sgt Devereux P. Thomas, S/Sgt Leonard Kaplan. There were no Purple Hearts, but five Air Medals and 64 Oak Leaf Clusters.


 

December 1944

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

DECEMBER 1944

1. Non Operational.

2. Non Operational. Capt McNeill went to France for Bomb Evaluation Board. 2nd Lts White, Mauldin and Winter promoted to 1st Lt.

3. The mission scheduled for today was scrubbed.

4. Lt Col Fitzgerald and Capt Klinkseik led the "B" Group of 1st CBW to attack the marshalling yards at Soest, Germany. Bombing was by GH equipment with results unobserved through 10/10th cloud over the target. No enemy aircraft were encountered, while there was just one report of meagre, inaccurate flak south of Koblenz, but otherwise nothing else. Other pilots were: Lts O'Connor, Mousseau, Worrell, Boyle, Schwartner, Nashold, Adamson and Smith. 

5. Non Operational.

6. Non Operational.

7. Today the target was to be the railroad junction at Munster, but the mission was scrubbed.

8. Non Operational. 2nd Lt Worrell was promoted 1st Lt.

9. The target for today was the marshalling yard at Stuttgart, however due to 8/10th cloud over the target, bombing was done by PFF with visual assist. Results unobserved. The only flak encountered was moderate, inaccurate, tracking and black in the target area.  Taking part were: Lts Belskis, O'Connor, Instone, Lazar, Smith, Boyle, Nashold, Mousseau, Tauro and Reseigh.

T/Sgts Larson and Kaluza of Lt  Lazar's crew were seriously wounded.

10. The mission to bomb the Ordnance Depot at Mainz today, was scrubbed.

Promotions from 2nd Lt to 1st Lt went to: Armstrong, Belskis, Collett, Crooks, O'Connor, Sant, Schmitz and Wirt.

11. Nine ships from this squadron bombed the bridge over the Rhine at Mannheim, by GH equipment, with results unobserved due to 10/10th cumulus cloud over the target. Flak was moderate to intense and accurate tracking fire with some predicted concentration in the target area. Participating pilots were Lts Mousseau and Seeley in the led ship of the high squadron "C" Group, with: Lts Tauro, Taylor, Godwin, Copeland, Smith, Hughes and Belskis, the latter missing in action.

MIA crew: 1st Lt Leo Belskis, 2nd Lt Glenn C. Vaughn, 1st Lt James V. Collett, 2nd Lt Ross W. Perrin; T/Sgt Elvis A. McCoy, T/Sgt Walter R. Newman, S/Sgt Lynn J. Laurett Jr, S/Sgt Durward V. Suggs, S/Sgt Robert P. Rogers. 

T/Sgt Larson died at 22.00 hrs in the 121st Station Hospital at Braintree, from the results of wounds received on the Stuttgart mission two days ago.

12. Today bombing was done through 10/10th cloud at Merseburg, where one of the largest sources of synthetic oil is located. Resulted were unobserved. Flak was moderate, inaccurate barrage and continuing fire from the target area which was generally low. Leading the formation was Capt Bryce and Lt Marshall, with: Lts Adamson, Godwin, Copeland, Smith, Lazar, Tauro and Hughes.

13. Non Operational. Four new crews were assigned today:

2nd Lts John B. Anderson, Paul G. Gayori, Leonard A. Wall, F/O Carl M. Forbes Jr; Cpls  Carl E.  Kemppainen, George R. Nessly, Homer L. Williams, Robert H. McGreevey, Curtis D. Wallace.

2nd Lt James M. Armstrong Jr, 1st Lt Roland E. Craig, 2nd Lt Ivans C. Bals;  S/Sgt Louis  Kiss; Cpls Eugene M. Cobb, Carl C. Janssen, L. M. Cass, Thomas A. Geiger, Robert L. Stover Jr.

2nd Lt John W. Firlit, 2nd Lt Edgar B. Sandford, F/O William R. Haeflinger, F/O Joseph J. Marcinkiewicz; Cpls Harold D. Taylor, Frank J. McGuire, Byron S. Taylor Jr, Charles G. Marshall, James R. Talbot.

2nd Lt Don G. Smith, F/O Charles F. Taylor, 2nd Lt Gerald R. Bigelow, 2nd Lt Robert L. Hickman, Cpls Albert H. Clark, Henry D. Gardner, Edward J. Solecki, Stephen L. Durkin, Clifford C. Grochowiak.

14. Non Operational.  

15. The target for today was the railroad yards at Kassel, when bombing was done by PFF method due to 9/10th cloud cover and contrails. No enemy aircraft or flak was encountered. Those taking part were: Lt Col Fitzgerald and Capt Klinkseik leading the "B" Group of the 1st CBW, with: Lts Adamson, Godwin, Copeland, Tauro, Schwartner, Boyle,  Taylor and Hughes.

T/Sgt Rafael C. Larsen was buried at the Americam Cemetery at Cambridge at 15.00 hrs. His entire crew and 15 additional  men were present for the burial service. Flowers were placed on the grave. Today was also a mass burial and 21 men were buried today when Catholic, Protestant and Jewish chaplains officiated at the services and then came a volley of three shots followed by Taps being sounded.

16. Non Operational.

17. Non Operational.

18. Today bombs were dropped on the city of Cologne by PFF method with results unobserved. The flak encountered by was meagre and inaccurate in the target area. Those pilots taking part were: Lts Copeland, Hughes, Adamson, Lazar, Taylor, Godwin, Boyle, Instone, Schwartner and Rousch.

19.  The mission scheduled for today was scrubbed. 2nd Lt Glenn C. Vaughn was promoted 1st Lt.

20. The mission scheduled for Cologne today was scrubbed.

Cpl Robert J.  Dunham was sent out to purchase Christmas Trees for the squadron and Col Leber. He had them sprayed silver and red. In addition he had letters cut out from plywood with the words "Merry Christmas 532nd Bomb Squadron". Thet were hung by wire across the road, after they had been painted red, white and green. Christmas wreaths have been hung on the doors of Lt Col Fitzgerald's quarters, the orderly room and mail room.

21. Non Operational. Lts Anderson, Armstrong, Smith and Firlit's crews were given an indoctrination lecture.

22. Non Operational.

23. Non Operational.

24. The landing grounds in Germany directly behind the battle line were bombed. They were at Ettinghausen and Kirsch Gons. Bombing was visual and bomb strikes show MPI's covered with hits. Flak was generally meagre, accurate, except at St Vith and Stavelot where fairly accurate fire was encountered en route in and out. Our pilots for the raid were: Lts Adamson, O'Connor, Copeland, Rousch, Lazar, Worrell, Taylor, Instone, Armstrong, Smith and Tauro.

Two new crews were assigned: 2nd Lts William B. Poland Jr, Donald D. Sockrider, Otes Bennett Jr,  Charles H. Beene; Cpls Francis M. Burgess, Jack N. Hext, William J. Powers, Jay C. Galvin, Thomas M. Kowalsky, Frederick   S. Schnitman.

2nd Lt  Herman F. Raker, F/O Alphonse J. Tamulevicz, 2nd Lt Robert Harris, F/O Cornelius M. Leahy; Cpls Thomas R. Beary, Burton J. Hill, Jake T. Lamm, Howard L. Hagemann, Willie L. Kilgore, David T. Thompson Jr.

25. The mission scheduled for today was scrubbed.

Free beer was served at the base pub, Station Theater and the WAAF Site from 2.30-4.30pm. T/Sgts and M/Sgts were invited to the officers club.

26. Non Operational.

27. Non Operational.

28. The target for today was the railroad bridge at Remagen, 12 miles SW of Bonn on the River Rhine. Bombing was visual but results were unobserved, while flak was very meagre and inaccurate in the target area. No enemy aircraft were observed. Leading the low squadron of  "B" of the 1st CBW were Capt Bryce and Lt Marshall, supported by: Lts Taylor, Reseigh, Worrell, Instone, Hughes, Lazar and Smith. Lt Rousch aborted because of engine trouble.

1st Lt Dewhurst was promoted to captain.

Another new crew was assigned: 2nd Lt John T. Fincher, 2nd Lt Wilhelm O. Locke, 2nd Lt Paul V. Fraser, 2nd Lt  William W. Hopson; S/Sgt Albert J. Hodel Jr; Cpl  Paul C. Blanchard, Pvt Charles R. Garis, Sgt Richard Amsel, Cpl Salvatore R. Terrazas.

29. The mission planned today for Ruhrland was scrubbed.

30. The target bombed today was the ordnance depot at Mainz, Germany. Bombing was through 10/10th cloud by PFF method with results unobserved. A meagre amount of flak was encountered in rear of formation just after bombs away. Participating were: Lts Seeley, Adamson, Smith, Worrell, Strohmayer, Hughes, Lazar,  Godwin and Rousch.

31. The target for today was the communications centre at Prum, Germany. Bombing was by GH method with results unobserved. No AA fire was on formation although meagre fire was seen in the distance near the target area. No enemy aircraft were around. In the lead ship were Lts Miller and O'Connor, the other pilots being: Lts Adamson, Godwin, Armstrong, Tauro, Smith, Schwartner, Hughes and Instone.


The squadron strength was 117 officers and 446 enlisted men.

Awards made at the end of the month: 25 Air Medals, 54 Oak Leaf Clusters, while the Purple Heart went to S/Sgt Jacob P. Kaluza.


 

January 1945

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

JANUARY 1945

1. Today we were to attack the synthetic oil plant five miles NE of Magdeburg. The group got separated and the 532nd which flew in the low squadron attacked Kassel with a visual bomb run, results were unobserved. AA fire at Kassel was intense, tracking and barrage and very accurate. Leading the attack were Lts Seeley and Gehret, along with: Lts Adamson, Godwin, Worrell, Instone, Tauro, Schwartner, Smith and Taylor.

2. We were to attack a tactical target today, in aid of the ground forces, a railroad siding at Gerolstein, 50 miles south of Cologne. There was good weather over the target and strike photos show excellent results. There were no enemy aircraft while flak was meagre and fairly accurate in the target area, as it was in the western front line area. Those taking part were: Col Fitzgerald and Capt Klinkseik in the lead, with: Lts Smith, Worrell, Hughes, Tauro, Ausmus, Anderson  and Smith.

3. Through 10/10th cloud, and by PFF methods were bombed Cologne today, no areial opposition  and meagre flak, and inaccurate in the target area was all we faced. Taking part were: Lts Adamson, Tauro, Instone, Lazar, Smith, Taylor, Schwartner, Anderson, Godwin and Armstrong.

4. Non Operational.

5. Our target for today was a railhead at Heinback, Germany. This target was requested by the army, and is located 12 miles south of Duren. Bombing was accomplished using GH equipment and due to 10/10th cloud cover results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft were encountered, while the only flak was well away from our formation. Capt Bryce and Lt Marshall led the high squadron, supported by: Lts Smith, Godwin, Schwartner, Instone, Hughes, Adamson, Armstrong and Firlit.

6. Today GH methods were used to bomb the South Cologne railroad bridge across the Rhine, but results were unobserved. No fighter opposition was encountered while the AA fire was meagre to moderate but inaccurate in the target area.  Pilots participating, Lts Miller and O'Connor in the lead ship of the low squadron along with: Lts Godwin, Smith, Schwartner, Hughes, Tauro, Lazar, Anderson and Smith.

7. Non Operational.

8. Our target today was again requested by the army, a bridge of the road and river at Alzey,  Germany. There was 10/10th cloud over the target and bombing was by GH methods with resulrs unobserved. No aircraft were met, and flak was meagre over Kaiserlautern, Saarbrucken and the targer area. Major Sandman led the "A" Group in the 1st CBW, along with Capt Klinkseik. Other pilots were: Smith, Tauro, Armstrong, Anderson, Rusch, Lazar, Taylor and Hughes.

9. Non Operational.

10. The Ostheim airfield four miles east of Cologne was the tactical target today. Photo-prints showed bomb bursts on the river front but not on the target. No aircraft were met and flak was only meagre in the target area. Today's pilots were: Lts Lazar, Taylor, Tauro, Adamson, Firlit, Smith, Godwin, Hughes, Armstrong and Rusch.

11. Non Operational.

12. Non Operational.

13. Today we again went after a target requested by the army, a rail bridge over the River Rhine at Germersheim, 20 miles south of Ludwigshafen. Bombing was accomplished by GH methods and results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft were encountered but flak was accurate tracking fire in the target area, and about the same at Landau and Neustadt. In the lead of the high squadron were Capt Bryce and Lt Seeley, supported by: Lts Hughes, Adamson, Armstrong, Rusch, Smith, Lazar, Armstrong and Fincher.

14. With excellent results were bombed Rodenkirchen autobahn bridge near Cologne, strike photos shoed a concentrated pattern of bombs thoroughly covering the bridge. No enemy aircraft were met, although flak was meagre but continuous over the battle lines, and intense in the target area. Those taking part were: Lts Miller and O'Connor leading the low squadron along with: Lts Instone, Anderson, Armstrong, Rusch, Smith, Lazar, Armstrong and Fincher.

15. Today we were to attack the aircraft assembly plant near Regensburg, but the mission was cancelled.

16. Target for today was a synthetic oil plant at Lutzkendorf, but it was scrubbed.

17. Our target today was the railway workshops at Paderborn, Germany. Bombing was accomplished by PFF, but results unobserved. The only flak encountered was about 20 bursts near Osnabruck. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Taking part were Capt Bryce in the lead ship with Col Hall, along with: Lts Instone, Anderson, Armstrong, Tauro, Hughes, Smith, Rusch and Fincher.

18. Our target for today was to attack Mannheim, but again scrubbed.

19. Non Operational.

20. The ships of our squadron took off today to attack the road and rail bridge over the Rhine and Mannheim. Bombing was done by PFF because of 8/10th cloud in the target area, leaving results unobserved. Taking part were: Lts Adamson, Smith, Anderson, Firlit, Godwin, Instone, Rusch, Smith, Tauro and Taylor.

21. The target for today  was the tank assembly plant at Aschaffenburg, 25 miles south east of Frankfurt. There was 9/10th cloud in the target area and bombing was by GH instruments, thus results were unobserved. There were no enemy fighters and flak was nil. Participating were: Capt Klinseik with Lt Seeley, leading the high squadron along with: Lts Anderson, Baden, Armstrong, Firlit, Godwin, Taylor, Tauro and Smith, the latter two colliding on peeling off to land, and all crewmen were killed.

Those who died were, in 535th and 534th aircraft respectively were: 2nd Lt James E. Smith, F/O Wiliam A. Dernberger, 2nd Lt Charles F. Soper, S/Sgt Bernard L. McCrudden (toggler), S/Sgt Virgil I. Gray, S/Sgt Peter J. Durban, Sgt Donald T. Wilson, Sgt Ralph E. Campbell, Sgt Walter A. Streich.

F/O Nicholas F. Tauro, F/O Val J. Crofts, F/O Seymour L. Sobole, S/Sgt Edward L. Jones (toggler), S/Sgt Gildo Pannacione, S/Sgt Morris A. Shapiro, Sgt Allen Taylor, Sgt John P. York, Sgt Milton S. Swarts.

22. Non Operational.

23. Non Operational.

24. Non Operational.

25. Non Operational.

26. Non Operational.

27. Today we should have attacked the submarine yard at Bremen, but it was scrubbed. No other operations.

28. The target for today was the Hobernzollern raod and railway bridge over the Rhine at Cologne. In our Group the GH and H2S were out over the target, the high squadron took the lead and we bombed a target of opportunity, the marshalling yards at Gutersloh and hits were seen to strike this area. Flak was moderate and accurate from the IP to Cologne. There was no fighter opposition. The pilots for this mission were: Lts Miller and O'Connor leading the low squadron, with: Lts Firlit, Schwartner, Rusch, Armstrong, Godwin, Fincher, Hughes, Armstrong and Baden.

29. The locomotive depot at the south end of the Neiderlahnstein marshallinbg yards was today's objective, some three miles south of Koblenz, Bombing was by GH instruments and results were unobserved. AA fire was meagre, inaccurate and a barrage type in the target area, but none on the way in or out. No aircraft were encountered. Taking part were: Major Sandman and Capt Bryce, leading the "A" Group of the 1st CBW, with: Lts  J.E. Armstrong, Firlit, R. Armstrong, Rusch, Taylor, Godwin, Hughes and Gehret.

30. Non Operational.

31. Non Operational.


The following officers were promoted this month: 1st Lts Dewhurst, Hadley and Miller, to captain; 2nd Lts Schwartner, Dunham, Gehret, Sipila, Wolfe and Perry to 1st Lt.

Awards during the month were: 37 Air Medals and 73 Oak Leaf Clusters, one to a Distinguished Fly Cross, to Lt Col John E. Fitzgerald.


 

February 1945

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. G.T. Kelley

FEBRUARY 1945

1. Our target for today was the railway marshalling yards at Mannheim, the second largest in Germany, and the port the second largest on the Rhine. Bombing   was by GH and results unobserved. AA fire was reported as moderate but accurate by the lead squadron, and inaccurate for the low and high squadrons. No air opposition. The pilots on this mission were: Lts Schwartner, Dunham, Armstrong, Fincher, Smith, Firlit, Rusch, Instone, Adamson, Taylor and Hughes.

Major George Sandman was assigned command of the squadron today, relieving Lt Col Fitzgerald who was transferred to Group HQ.

2. Berlin was to be the target today but the mission was scrubbed.

3. Today's target was Templehof rail yards in Berlin, where bombing was done visually and strike photos indicate excellent results in the area designated MPI. Flak was moderate and accurate in the target area, with both tracking and barrage fire observed. 

Taking part were Capts McNeill and Klinkseik were in the lead ship of the 1st "C" Group, with: Lts Dunham, Schwartner, Taylor, Armstrong, Smith, Baden, Rusch and Anderson, the latter missing in action. 

His ship was hit by flak over the target area and fire seen to break out in #2 engine, before four to nine chutes were seen, the aircraft then subsequently seen to explode in the air.

MIA crew: 2nd Lt John B. Anderson, 2nd Lt Leonard A. Wall, 2nd Lt Paul G. Gayard, F/O Carl H. Forbes Jr; Sgt Carl E. Kemppainen, Sgt George R. Nessley, S/Sgt Michael J. Medzic, Sgt Curtis P. Wallace, Sgt Robert H. McGreevey.

2nd Lts Cash, Engelson, Lorenz and Adamson promoted to 1st Lt today.

4. Non Operational. Pfc Peterson left today for Temporary Duty at Station A-84 which was in France.

5. The target scheduled for today was Munich but it was scrubbed.

Three new crews were assigned: 2nd Lts Charlie O.   Sikes Jr, 2nd Lt Roy P. Stillings, F/O Robert Brandt, F/O  Richard S. Topp; Cpls Wilbert Bartlett, Joyce Dorsey, Lester Fry, James N. Smelder, Albert L. Sutter.

1st Lt Edgar H. Price Jr, 2nd Lts Grady H.  Thompson, 2nd Lt Harold Wright, 1st Lt Robert T. Muffley; Cpls Donald R. Hawkins, Robert Herr, Howard J. King, Orville Sorrell, Jack E. Thorp.

2nd Lt Oval P. Davis, 2nd Lt Mack T. Miller, F/O Ralph A. Thomas, 2nd Lt James D. Taylor; Sgt Edward  Cary, Cpls Robert Edwards, Donald Olmstead, Richard Skillin, Pfc William C. Benton.

6. We had two plans today, the "A" plan to attack Lutzkendorf, and "B" was decided just before briefing. At the I.P.  the Division Leader gave instructions to bomb a target of opportunity. Our group pounded Ohrdruf, while two of our aircraft hit Steinbach. No flak was encountered over the target; at Stuttgart and Minden moderate inaccurate AA fire was encountered, but there was no enemy air opposition. Taking part were: Lts Schwartner, Firlit, Hughes, Smith, Taylor, Armstrong, Godwin, Baden, Rusch and Instone.

7. Today we were to attack the coking plant at Westerfeld, eight miles from Essen. Because of poor weather the ships were recalled, except 2nd Lt Taylor, who did not hear the recall and carried on to drop his bombs on Essen.

8. The highway bridge over the Rhine at Wesel was the assigned target, but again the mission was scrubbed.

9. Today the top priority target was a railway viaduct at Arnsberg which was attacked. Bombing was done by GH technique and results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft appeared while flak meagre to moderate and fairly accurate at the enemy coast. The pilots were: Capt Klinkseik and Lt Marshall, who led the high squadron with: Lts Firlit, Baden, Schwartner, Armstrong, Taylor, Adamson, Dunham and Rusch.

10. The mission scheduled for Kassel today was scrubbed. F/O Klimoski was commission a 2nd Lt.

11. Today's mission was scrubbed, originally it was the railway marshalling yards at Munster.

12. Both plans today were scrubbed. There were two more new crews assigned: 2nd Lt Wesley E. Huff Jr, 2nd Lt Jonathan Youk Jr, F/O Richard A. Bettencourt, 2nd Lt Joseph A. Manfredi; Sgt Thomas C. Vanderventer; Cpls William E. Geist, John Herbert, Donald Whittaker, Richard W. Zoph.

2nd Lt Paul J. Scherman, 2nd Lt Earl B. Nelson, F/O Nicholas J. Drohan Jr, 2nd Lt Manny M. Miska; Sgt Richard W. McLain; Cpls Hugh D. Fitzgerald, George M. Gasparovich, Herbert S. Houghton Jr, Garland W. Monzingo.

13. There were two plans scheduled for today, one to Kassel, the other to Dresden, but at 07.20 hrs words was received that both were scrubbed.

14. A target of opportunity, a synthetic oil plant eight miles north of Brux, Czechoslovakia, was bombed visually and preliminary photos show excellent results. Moderate to intense flak was encountered. Taking part were: Capt Klinkseik, Lts Baden, Instone, Schwartner, Firlit, Fincher, Taylor, Rusch and Major Vickery.

15. The seconadry target Dresdeb was attacked using PFF method, in support of the Russian Army's drive as Dresden is one of the few railroad links between Czechoslovakia and Germany. However 10/10th cloud prevented observation, but PFF instruments indicated the target well hit. Moderate inaccurate flak was encountered soon after the target. Participating were: Capts McNeill and Miller leading the "B" Group of the 1st CBW, along with: Lts Baden, Smith, Taylor, Hughes, Rusch and Major Vickery.

16. Over two hundred and fifty 200 pound bombs were dropped by the group on the marshalling yards at Langendreer, Germany.  The lead and low squadrons  made instrument bomb run due to vapor trails.  At the last moment the target became visible and a synchronization was made on the choke point. Photos show good results with the choke point well covered with hits. The wire drawing plant adjacent was also well hit. The High Squadron reported their bombs going squarely into the smoke and flame of the primary target which had been well hit by preceding wings. Very accurate  tracking fire moderate to intense was encountered from the I.P. to the target. Taking part were: Lts Adamson,  Taylor, Baden, Armstrong, Dunham Hughes, Smith, Rusch and Fincher.

17. Our target for today was to be Mannheim rail yards but the mission was scrubbed.

18. Non Operational.

19. Today we bombed the synthetic oil plant at Dortmund. By GH method with results unobserved. Flak was meagre and accurate from the target area. Our pilots were: Lts Adamson, Taylor, Baden, Hughes, Dunham, Armstrong, Smith, Gehret, Rusch and Fincher.

20. Nine ships of our squadron took off today to bomb the rail workshops at Nurnberg, but cloud cover prevented observation of results. Meagre inaccurate flak was encountered in the target area and over the battle lines. Leading the high squadron were Capt Miller and Lt Seeley, with: Lts Baden, Gehret, Adamson, Taylor, Armstrong, Smith, Dunham and Sobol.

21. Nurnberg was bombed today through 10/10th cloud by PFF, but results unobserved. Flak was generally meagre and inaccurate with scattered fire. Capt Miller and Lt O'Connor led the low squadron along with: Lts Schwartner, Rusch, Instone, Taylor, Gehret, Armstrong, Sobol and Dunham.

Another combat crew was assigned today: 1st Lt Henry D. Castille, 2nd Lt George Guilfoyle, 2nd Lt Herbert D. Seidell; Cpls Alton T. Linder, Richard C. Berger, Arthur P. Thorpe, Wayne E. Funkhouse,  Hadley H. Ervin, Edwin R. Walthall. 

22. Our target for today was a vital point in a south-west railroad at Germerslager, Germany. Capt Klinkseik led in the low squadron, others: Lts Rusch, Schwartner, Instone, Armstrong, Girlit, Gehret, Dunham and Sobol. We bombed a target of opportunity at Kobbelitz with excellent results on the rail line of that town. Flak was nil and no air opposition was encountered.

23. The primary target for today was Hof, Germany, but a target of opportunity at Meiningen was attacked with good results. Meagre inaccurate flak from the Erfurt area on the way in to the target and the Rhine sector on the way out. Major Sandman and Capt Bryce led the "A" Group of the 1st CBW, supported by: Lts Instone, Dunham, Godwin, Firlit, Sobol, Smith, Gehret and Winefski.

Our squadron intelligence officer, Capt George Kelley, was transferred to Group HQ. The following ground personnel were transferred to the infantry, and left today: Sgt Rivera, Cpl Conn, Pfc's Matthews, Smith, Van Horne, Pvts Chennault and Williams.

24. Our target for today was the Blohm & Voss submarine yard at Hamburg. Bombing was done through 10/10th cloud  by PFF methods so results were unknown. No enemy aircraft were met,  while flak was meagre to moderate barrage type in the target area. Participating were: Capt McNeill and Lt O'Connor leading "B" Group of the 1st CBW, with: Lts Fincher, Gehret, Schwartner, Dunham, Firlit, Smith, Armstrong and Taylor.

25. The target for today was  the carriage side of a main station marshalling yard at Munich. Bombing was done visually by squadron, with strike photos showing good results. Flak was meagre and inaccurate en route but moderate and accurate in the target area. Pilots were: Lts Hughes, Taylor, Sampson, Godwin, Firlit, Dunham, Smith, Winefski, Armstrong and Fincher.

26. Today the target was the Schlesischer railroad station in Berlin, but due to 10/10th cloud bombing was by instruments with results unobserved. No enemy aircraft attacked this group but an ME 110  was observed in the target area. Flak was meagre to moderate, barrage type in the target area, but cause no damage to our ships.  Pilots participating. Capt Klinkseik and Lt Miller who led the high squadron of the 1st CBW, along with: Lts Smith, Taylor, Firlit, Schwartner, Fincher, Davis, Sampson and Hughes.

27. The target for today was the ball-bearing factory at Leipzig. Our PFF target was the marshalling yards at the same place, but results unobserved due to bombing the 9/10th cloud. Flak was meagre  to inaccurate on our way in, but not on our formation.  The pilots were: Dunham, Firlit, Schwartner, Fincher, Sikes, Smith, Sampson and Armstrong.

28. Non Operational. The squadron strength at the end of the month was 115 officers and  409 enlisted men.


Awards were presented to combat personnel with 2nd Lt William H. Taylor and 2nd Lt Rowley I. Blakeney receiving the Distinguished Flying Cross, while there were 38 Air Medals and 132 Oak Leaf Clusters. Purple Hearts went to 2nd Lt Eugene H. Pauley and Sgt Edgar J. Browne.

March 1945

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. William E. Kornermann

MARCH 1945

1. The railroad marshalling yards at Neckersulm, Germany was the target for today, but weather conditions in the target area meant that bombing was by PFF methods, thus results unobserved. Flak was meagre, tracking and inaccurate on the way in, but not over the target area or on the way out. Our pilots were: Lts Price, Godwin, Instone, Hughes, Sikes, Firlit, Taylor, Sampson, Sobol and Dunham.

2. The briefed target for today was a synthetic oil plant at Bohlen, 11 miles south of Leipzig. Because of 7-10/10th cloud  over the target area, the secondary, the marshalling yards at Chemnitz, was attacked with unobserved results. Capt Klinkseik and Lt Rusch flew in the lead of the low squadron, the others being: Sikes, Price, Instone, Schwartner, Dunham, Hughes, Sobol and Winefski.

3. Non Operational.

4. Target for today was a tank and military transport factory at Ulm, and our GH target was the marshalling yards at the same place. Weather being  3-5/10th cloud over the Channel and becoming 10/10th over the target, bombing was done by GH method with unobserved results. The only flak encountered was meagre and inaccurate at Haslach. Capt Klinkseik led the low squadron with Lt Seeley, in the "A" Group in the 1st CBW, along with: Lts Dunham, Fincher, Schwartner, Price, Gehret, Instone, Davis and Hughes.

5. The assigned target for the mission today was the oil refinery at Ruhrland, our squadron led the group. Lt Col Shackley flew in the lead ship with Capt Bryce, ther participating were: Lts Davis, Scherman, Adamson, Sobol, Firlit, Smith, Gehret and Price. The lead squadron bombed a target of opportunity at Plauen by PFF. The other two squadrons bombed the secondary which was Chemnitz. Results were unobserved in both cases.  The only flak encountered was moderate and very accurate tracking fire over Brux.

6. Non Operational.

7. Non Operational. S/Sgt Stanley A. Johnson, medical NCO,  received a direct commission of 2nd Lt, MAC.                                                                                                 

8. Nine ships of this squadron took off this morning led by Capt Bryce and Capt Klinkseik, leading the "B" Group of the 1st CBW. The target was Huls, Germany, which was bombed by GH method and resulted unobserved due to 10/10th cloud cover over the target area. The flak encountered was meagre, inaccurate and black in the target area. The other pilots were: Lts Huff, Adamson, Poland, Firlit, Sobol, Hughes, Instone and Sampson.

9. The target for today was the locomotive repair shops and depot at Kassel, Germany, where bombing was accomplished by squadrons. Wet prints indicate a good coverage of the target area, where flak was moderate and fairly accurate. Leading the formation of the high squadron was Capt Klinkseik and Lt Seeley, along with: Lts Firlit, Baden, Adamson, Price, Hughes, Sobol, Poland and Scherman, the latter missing in action.

His aircraft, #9012-J, was hit over the target at an altitude of about 25,000 ft. It was hit between #3 engine and the bomb bay and the whole right side was on fire, while the nose was also blown off. It glided down to about 15,000 ft where it was seen to explode, followed by two chutes seen.

MIA crew: 2nd Lt Paul J. Scherman, 2nd Lt Earl B. Nelson, F/O Nicholas J. Drohan, 2nd Lt Manny M. Miska; Sgts Richard McClain, George Gasparovich, Garland Monzingo, Herbert Houghton Jr, Hugh D. Fitzgerald.

Capt Marvin W. Fairbanks was transferred to Group HQ as Group Navigator, thus Lt Edward Dvorak was appointed squadron navigator.

10. A railway centre  for supplies to the Western Front was the target for today, situated at Sinsen, near Recklinghausen. 10/10th cloud cover prevented visual bombing, instruments recorded the results as good. Flak was meagre and generally inaccurate in the target area, while the Luftwaffe was not encountered. Taking part were: Lts Smith, Godwin, Hughes, Firlit, Sikes, Poland, Price baden. Davis and Adamson.

11. The sub and ship building yards at Bremen was the target for today, situated three miles north west of the city centre. Bombing was done by instruments and no results observed. No enemy aircraft were encountered, flak was mostly the barrage type and in accurate over the target area. Pilots today were; Capt Klinkseik and Lt Rusch, who led the high squadron along with: Lts Godwin, Baden, Davis, Hughes, Firlit, Adamson, Poland, Castiile, Sikes, Huff and Instone.

12. The rail centre at Dillenburg in the Ruhr was the target today, where bombing was by GH and no results seen. No Luftwaffe or flak was encountered. Pilots taking part were: Capt Klinkseik and Lt Seeley, who led the low squadron, the others being: Lts Adamson, Firlit, Davis, Poland, Castille, Instone, Huff and Sikes.

13. Non Operational.

14. Captains McNeill and Klinkseik led the "B" Group of the  1st CBW to attack a railroad bridge, high on the communication priority list, at Vlotho. Bombing was visual and wet prints show excellent results with the target covered with bomb blasts. No E/A or flak was encountered. Other pilots were: Lts Price, Smith, Adamson, Poland, Sikes, Instone, Davis and Firlit.

15. Our mission today was to hit the marshalling yards at Oranienburg. There has been a large amount of military movement in these yards to the Eastern Front. It was clear all over Germany and bombing was visual. The target however, was completely covered with smoke making accurate assessment impossible. There was no E/A attacks on our group, but several dogfights were observed. Flak was moderate and fairly accurate at the target but inaccurate on the way in. Participating were: Lts Godwin, Poland, Smith, Instone, Davis, Sikes, Fincher, Price, Firlit and Huff.

16. The mission for today was an oil plant at Bohlen, but it was scrubbed.

17. The synthetic oil plant at Bohlen was attacked today, when one squadron in our group bombed the target, but this squadron led by Capt Klinkseik and Lt Seeley, followed the lead squadron to bomb Jena. Because of 10/10th cloud bombing was by instruments and unobserved. No enemy aircraft were encountered, while the only flak at Bohlen was intense but inaccurate. Other pilots were: Lts Davis, Price, Godwin, Taylor, Smith, Instone, Castille and Sikes.

18. Today we made our 14th trip to Berlin. Bombing was by PFF and because of cloud cover results were unseen. No aircraft were met but flak was intense and accurate over the target. Capt Klinseik and Lt Seeley led the low squadron, the others being: Lts Castille, Huff, Adamson, Smith, Poland, Fincher, Sikes and Taylor.

19. Our target for today was the flak battery which was the main defence installation for the synthetic oil plant at Bohlen. Our No 2 target was Plauen in which are situated chemical and explosive factories, which was hit by PFF method, but with 10/10th cloud nothing was seen. Flak was nil. The pilots were: Lts Adamason, Castille, Huff, Fincher, Poland, Instone, Taylor and Haeflinger.

20. Non Operational.

21. One of the main GAF jet airfields was the target for today, the Rheine/Salzbergen field near Rheine. Bombing was visual and wet prints show excellent results. No flak was encountered  except after bombs away, when meagre, black, fairly accurate fire was faced. The group was led by Captains Bryce and Klinkseik, with: Lts  Davis, Huff, Adamson, Baker, Poland, Fincher, Taylor and Haeflinger.

22. Today our target was a military camp at Dorsten/Feldhausen, one of eight such camps attacked by the 8th AF today. Visibility was good and bombing was visual with fair to very good results. No E/A were encountered while flak was meagre and inaccurate increasing to moderate to intense and extremely accurate just before bombs away. Taking part were: Lts Godwin, Huff, Haeflinger, Instone, Bigelow, Baker, Fincher, Sikes, Gehret and Poland.

23. Our target for today was the marshalling yards at Coesfeld. Bombing was visual and strike photos show good concentration in the central area of the yards. No flak and no E/A were encountered. Capt Klinkseik and Lt Rusch led the high squadron, the others being: Lts Huff, Haeflinger, Godwin, Price, Bigelow, Poland, Sikes and Gehret.

24. The squadron made two missions today.  The first being the Furstenau/Vechtal  landing ground, which was bombed visually with excellent results. No E/A  were encountered while flak was meagre to moderate but very accurate. Lts Seeley and Rusch led the  low squadron of the "B" Group, others being: Lts Gehret, Price, Instone, Bigelow, Sikes, Sobol, Taylor and Haeflinger. The second mission was also another airfield, Twente Enschede, in Holland, used by the GAF continuously. Bombing was visual and strike photos show an excellent cover of bombs on the intersection of the two main runways. Flak was meagre but accurate in the target area. Taking part were: Lts Ashby, Fincher, Baden and Huff.

25. The mission to Zeitz today was scrubbed.

26. A synthetic oil plant at Zeitz today was the target, a high priority one. The group was led by Major Sandman with Lt Armstrong. The No. 2 target was Plauen was bombed with good results. No E/A were encountered while flak was moderate to intense but inaccurate in the target area. Those taking part were: Lts Baden, Poland, Godwin, Price, Bigelow, Sobol, Gehret and Vining.

Lt Arthur J. Smith was seriously wounded in action today.

Major Sandman was transferred to Group and Majot Krieger assumed command of the squadron.

27. The scheduled mission to Fulda was cancelled.

28. Through 10/10th cloud and by H2X methods Berlin was bombed today for the 15th time by this squadron. Results were unobserved while no E/A were encountered. However flak was accurate in the target area although only meagre. Capt McNeill and Lt Armstrong led the "B" of the 1st CBW, supported by: Lts Castille, Vining, Godwin, Huff, Baden, Poland, Baker and Davis.

29. The submarine and warship building yards at Bremen was the target for today which was bombed visually with excellent results. One ME 262 was observed in the target area, while the only flak met was moderate in the target area.  Participating today were: Lts Instone, Huff, Davis, Fincher, Baker, Poland, Bailey, McDonald, Baden and Hendricks.

30. Non Operational.

31. Today we went on our 23rd mission this month. The target was Halle, Germany. Cloud cover and haze made visual observation impossible and bombing was by H2X. Flak was meager to moderate and inaccurate. The pilots who flew the mission were: Lts Instone, Davis, Huff, Fincher, Baker, Castille, Price, Bailey and McDonald.


At the end of the month the squadron strength was 113 officers and 418 EM.

During the month many awards were earned which included the Distiguished Flying Cross for 2nd Lt Edward A. Dvorak, while Purple Hearts went to: Sgt Edgar J. Browne and Sgt Luther M. Dennis. There were 39 Air Medals and 184 Oak Leaf Clusters.

April 1945

 

532nd Bomb Sq.
381st Bomb Group (H)
WAR DIARY
Submitted by Lt. William E. Kornermann

APRIL 1945

1. Non Operational.

2. We were briefed today for a mission to Skrydstrup, Denmark. Take off was 13.00 hrs, but the weather scout reported 10/10th cloud over all the target and the decision was made to abandon the mission.

3. Today we had two plans, one to attack Kaltenkirchen, and the other to hit Beldering, but both were cancelled.

4. The target bombed by our group today was the Hoya landing ground, Germany. We bombed visually through a hole in 9/10th cloud cover. Strike photos show bomb hits close to the M.P.I. No E/A were encountered while the only flak  was meagre to moderate but very accurate in the target area.  The pilots taking part were: Lts Seeley and Rusch in the lead, along with: Lts Davis, Castille, Godwin, Price, Firlit, Bigelow, Baber and Kreamer.

F/O Ralph A. Thomas was killed on this mission, and as it turned out, the last man of the 381st Bomb Group who was KIA.

5. The target today was an important ordnance depot at Grafenwohr. Bombing was by instruments and results were unobserved. No enemy aircraft appeared and flak was nil. Again Lts Seeley and Rusch were in the lead ship, along with: Lts Baker, Castille, Godwin, Firlit, Gehret, Smith, McDonald and Poland.

6. Non Operational.

7. Today we bombed an airfield at Kohlenbissen, a very active jet aircraft field. Bombing was visual and results were reported as good. Two jet aircraft were observed but no attacks made on this group. Flak was meagre and inaccurate. Taking part were: Lts Marshall and Molloy in the lead ship of the low squadron, with: Lts Firlit, Gehret, Price, Poland, McDonald, Smith, Hughes and Sikes.

8. We took off today to bomb the underground storage depot at Derben, because of cloud cover we bombed our #2 priority  target, the railroad workshops at Stendahl. Bombing was by H2X method and crews reported the target covered by fire and smoke. No E/A were encountered and the only flak was moderate and out of range. Leading the low squadron  were: Lts  Marshall and Seeley, with: Lts Poland, Hughes, Price, Gehret, McDonald, Smith, Sikes and Firlit.

9. Oberpfaffenhofen airfield was our target for today, which was bombed visually and wet prints show excellent results, exact pinpointing of our hits were impossible because of smoke and fire from preceding groups. No E/A were around and the only flak was moderate in and out of the area at Munich. Lts Seeley and Armstrong led the "B" group of the 1st CBW, along with: Lts Hughes, Poland, Price, Gehret, McDonald, Fincher, Sikes and Huff.

10. An ordnance depot at Oranienburg just north of Berlin was our target for today. It was attacked visually by squadrons with good to excellent results. The only flak encountered was en route to the Wittenburg area and it was meagre and low, there was none at the target. E/A opposition was nil. The "A" Group of the 1st CBW was led by Capt McNeill, with: Lts Hendricks, Castille, Fincher, Sikes, Huff, Poland, Firlit and Davis.

11. Ten ships of our squadron attacked an underground oil storage depot at Freiham, Germany, nine miles SW of Munich. With visibility unlimited the target was bombed visually  and preliminary interrogation indicated good to excellent results. No E/A were encountered while flak was moderate and accurate in the target area. Taking part were: Lts Huff, Hughes, Price, Baker, Davis, Fincher, Poland, Gehret, Castille and Hendricks.

2nd Lt Earl C. Smith was seriously wounded on this mission and crash-landed at Dover on the south coast.

12. The scheduled target today was a rail junction at Beyrouth, but the mission was scrubbed.

13. Our #2 priority target was attacked by this group today, the rail centre at Neumunster. It was bombed visually with excellent results. No E/A  attacks were reported while flak was meagre and inaccurate around the target. The pilots who participated were: Lts Bailey, Davis, Castille, Fincher, Huff, Hendricks, Price, Baker and Sikes.

8. Non Operational.

9. Non Operational.

10. The target for today was the railroad bridge over the Danube, at Regensburg.  It was attacked visually but the prints indicate the bombs fell short of the target hitting the west approaches to the bridge. No E/A were encountered, flak was meagre to moderate and encountered at Nurnberg and the target area. Pilots taking part were: Lts Bailey, Sikes, Hendricks, Instone, McDonald, Baker, Firlit, Huff and Fraser.

Captain Elbert E. Husted was transferred to Group HQ as Group Armament Officer.

17. Today our ships went to Dresden to attack the locomotive repair depot, which was bombed visually but wet prints show the results as poor. Air opposition was nil and flak meagre and inaccurate. Lts Kreamer and Bailey led the high squadron, with: Lts Huff, McDonald, Hendricks, Instone, Baker, Firlit, Van Steenkist, and Castille.

18. Non Operational. The following enlisted men were transferred to the infantry today: Cpl  Witt, Pfc Frost, Pfc Girdano, Pvt Stansbury and Pvt Knight.

19. Our target for today was the railroad bridge at Elsterwerda 16 miles west of Ruhrland, and important link in the east-west German supply lines. Our squadron which led the group, did not bomb the #1 target, but hit the rail centre at Falkenberg visually with good results. No enemy opposition was encountered and flak was meagre and inaccurate in the Ruhrland area. Lt Seeley led the group with Lt Bailey, the other pilots being: Lts Baker, Castille, Van Steenkist, Instone, Firlit, Poland, McDonald and Sikes.

20. Today we went to Brandenburg, where were bombed very important railroad facilities with a good concentration of bombs near the M.P.I. E/A were not encountered while flak was meagre, sporadic although fairly accurate on the bomb run. The high squadron in the "B" Group 1st CBW was led by Capt McNeill and Lt Armstrong, others being: Lts Instone, Huff, Poland, Marshall, Van Steenkist, Bailey, Fincher, Price and Sikes.

21. Through 10/10th cloud today we bombed the marshalling yards at Munich by H2X methods with results unobserved. One ME 262 was observed  but no attack was made, while flak was meagre and inaccurate in the target area. We flew in the low squadron today, being led by Lts Marshall and McDonald, others being: Lts Huff, Van Steenkist, Castille, Fincher, McMurty, Sikes, Hendricks and Davis.

22. Non Operational.

23. Non Operational.

T/Sgt William E. Geist, M/Sgt Edward Z.  Gelman, S/Sgt Wayne K. Manes,  and Cpl Merle L. Ramsowr were among 31 men killed in an aircraft which crashed into a hill on the Isle of Man, en route for a furlough in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

24. Non Operational.

25. What turned out to be the last operational  mission of the 532nd Bomb Squadron in the ETO was made today. This made a total of 297 missions for the group. The target was an airfield just south of  Pilsen, Czechoslovakia. Cloud cover prevented visual bombing  and all ships returned with their bombs except  Lt Davis who bombed on smoke markers of the previous group with unobserved results. No E/A were encountered but flak was intense and very accurate in the target area. Lts Marshall and Armstrong led the  squadron, along with: Lts Castille, Van Steenkist, McMurty, Fincher, Sikes, Huff, Hendricks and Davis.

26. Non Operational.

27. Non Operational.

28. 1st Lt Augustus F. Markert transferred to Group HQ as Group Gunnery Officer.

29. During  the  month  the  following  officers  received promotions: 2nd Lts Instone, Baden, Brady, Beens, Hause, Hopson, Locke, Sockrider, Whiting, Bigelow, Kreamer, Poland, Baker, Rusch and Sobol to 1st Lts; from 1st Lt to Captain Lts Seeley and Tidwell; F/Os Taylor and Haeflinger to 2nd Lt.

30. The strength of the squadron at the end of the month was 96 officers and 401 enlisted men.


Awards presented for combat personnel were: 14 Air Medals and 174 Oak Leaf Clusters.